Chinanews.com, April 25. According to the website of the Ministry of Education, the General Office of the Ministry of Education recently issued the "Notice on Further Strengthening the Physical Health Management of Primary and Secondary School Students" (hereinafter referred to as the "Notice"). The "Notice" clarifies conditional primary and secondary schools One session of physical education is offered every day to ensure that physical education and health courses and student campus sports activities are not squeezed out for any reason. At the same time, reasonable arrangements for internal and external sports activities for primary and secondary school students are made to ensure that students have 1 hour each day for sports activities on campus and off campus.
Data map: primary school physical education.
Photo by China News Agency reporter Zhang Yun
The "Notice" requires that physical education and health courses be opened together.
Primary and secondary schools must strictly implement the rigid requirements of the national physical education and health curriculum. Primary school first to second grade 4 class hours per week, 3rd to 6th grade elementary school and junior high school 3 class hours per week, high school 2 class hours per week, and conditional schools offer 1 class per day. Physical education, to ensure that physical education and health courses and student campus sports activities are not crowded out for any reason.
The "Notice" clearly guarantees the time for sports activities.
Reasonably arrange the time for students' physical activities inside and outside the school, and strive to ensure that students have 1 hour of physical activity time inside and outside the school every day.
Fully implement the large break physical activity system. Elementary and middle schools will arrange 30 minutes of large break physical activities every day, and students should be arranged to go out of the classroom for appropriate activities and relax in each break.
Vigorously promote family physical exercise activities, there are requirements for exercise content, exercise intensity and duration, etc., and it is not recommended to arrange high-intensity exercises.
Schools should strengthen guidance on sports homework, provide high-quality exercise resources, and maintain timely communication with parents.
The "Notice" proposes to improve the quality of physical education.
Primary and secondary schools should focus on "teaching, diligence, regular competitions", and gradually improve the "health knowledge + basic sports skills + special sports skills" school physical education teaching model, so that each student can master 1-2 sports skills.
It is necessary to establish a youth sports club and encourage students to actively participate in training in football, basketball, volleyball and other projects in their spare time and holidays.
Various forms of activities such as "all-hands games" and "all-hands sports competitions" should be organized to build a complete "school competition-school-level league-selective competition" primary and secondary school sports competition system.
Sports teaching and research departments at all levels shall conduct centralized lesson preparation and collective research on a regular basis.
Appraise the teaching quality of physical education in a timely manner.
The teacher's guidance should run through the entire course of the course.
The "Notice" mentioned that the physical health management evaluation and assessment system should be improved.
It is necessary to incorporate physical health management into the evaluation and assessment system of local education administrative departments and schools.
Educational administrative departments in all regions should attach great importance to physical health management, establish an examination mechanism that combines daily participation, physical exercise and competition, health knowledge, physical fitness monitoring, and special sports skill testing, and actively explore the integration of sports competition results into the comprehensive quality evaluation of students.
Those who are unable to participate in sports competitions due to illness or other force majeure factors shall be based on actual conditions, guided by categories, and evaluated.
Schools should improve the home-school communication mechanism, and promptly feed back the results of students' physical fitness tests and health examinations to parents, so as to form a collaborative effort for home-school education.
It is necessary to strictly implement the requirements of the "Comprehensive Prevention and Control of Myopia in Children and Adolescents" and improve the monitoring mechanism for the eyesight and sleep conditions of primary and secondary school students.
At the same time, do a good job of physical health monitoring.
All local schools should fully implement the "National Student Physical Health Standards (Revised in 2014)", "Students Physical Health Monitoring and Evaluation Measures" and other series of document requirements, conduct regular comprehensive monitoring of physical health management content, and establish and improve the physical health level. The closed-loop system of “monitoring-evaluation-feedback-intervention-guarantee”.
Conscientiously implement the physical health testing system and random test review system for all students, establish student physical health files, complete the report of test data truthfully, completely and effectively, study and judge the physical health level of students, and formulate corresponding physical health improvement plans.
In terms of improving the responsibility mechanism, the "Notice" pointed out that the provincial education administrative department should coordinate the physical health management of the region, report regularly to the party committee and the government, and urge the local government to do the relevant work.
The county-level education administrative department is responsible for specific guidance, supervises schools to refine the physical health management regulations, and actively promotes the selection of "health vice principals" in primary and secondary schools.
Primary and secondary schools should incorporate physical health management into the daily management of the school, hold regular meetings to conduct special studies, establish a responsibility system for health promotion principals and class teachers, and strengthen communication with parents through parent meetings, parent letters, and home visits.
The "Notice" emphasizes the strengthening of supervision and inspection.
All localities should make the management of student physical health as the content of supervision and evaluation, incorporate the management of student physical fitness into the monitoring system of student physical health and education quality evaluation, and carry out dynamic monitoring and regular supervision and evaluation.
The results of supervision and evaluation should be used as an important basis for assessing the relevant persons in charge of local governments and primary and secondary schools.
All localities and schools should unblock the channels for parents to report their problems and opinions, set up monitoring and reporting telephones or online platforms, and improve relevant work in a timely manner to effectively ensure the scientific management of students' physical health.