China News Service, April 21. The Secretary-General of the National Development and Reform Commission and spokesperson Zhao Chenxin said on the 21st that by the end of 2020, the average minimum living standards for urban and rural residents reached 678 yuan/person·month and 5962 yuan/person·year respectively. The number of people participating in pension insurance, basic medical insurance, unemployment insurance, and work-related injury insurance reached 999 million, 1.36 billion, 217 million, and 268 million, respectively.
Data map: The public handles social security services.
Photo by China News Agency reporter Wei Liang
On the 21st, the State Information Office held a press conference on the "National Basic Public Service Standards (2021 Edition)".
Zhao Chenxin said at the meeting that it is the basic right of every citizen to enjoy basic public services, and it is an important duty of the government to ensure that everyone enjoys basic public services.
Since the "13th Five-Year Plan", a series of outstanding achievements have been made in the construction of my country's basic public service system and the equalization of basic public services.
He summarized these achievements into "four more":
First, the institutional system has become more complete.
A basic public service standard system based on the national basic public service standards has gradually taken shape.
A series of major institutional arrangements related to the basic living security of the people, such as the critical illness insurance system, social assistance system, and old-age care services, have been gradually established and improved.
Second, the service facilities are more complete.
The conditions for running compulsory education schools (including teaching sites) across the country have all reached the "20 bottom line" requirements, and large classes have been completely eliminated. This task has now been achieved ahead of schedule.
The public health system that runs vertically to the bottom and horizontally to the side is also speeding up construction.
The number of beds in medical and health institutions per 1,000 people has reached 6.51, and the national radio and television coverage rate has reached more than 99%.
Third, the support capability is more stable.
The ability to cover the bottom of the society and the level of security have been significantly improved.
As of the end of 2020, the average minimum living security standard for urban and rural residents has reached 678 yuan/person·month and 5962 yuan/person·year respectively, and the number of people participating in basic endowment insurance, basic medical insurance, unemployment insurance and work-related injury insurance has reached 999 million. People, 1.36 billion people, 217 million people, and 268 million people.
"We have built the world's largest social security system."
Fourth, the regional urban and rural areas are more balanced.
In most areas, the basic and balanced development of compulsory education in the county has been achieved, and more than 85% of the children with migrants enter public schools or enjoy the government-purchased degree service.
The first batch of 10 regional medical center pilot projects have also been implemented, which has promoted the realization of high-level health services nearby.
Zhao Chenxin said that these "four more" comprehensively reflect the major achievements of my country's basic public services since the "13th Five-Year Plan".
At present, standing at a new historical starting point, based on the realization of a new goal and a new task of realizing a modern socialist country, the Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party has made new arrangements for advancing the equalization of basic public services. At the end of the 14th Five-Year Plan, the level of equalization of basic public services must be significantly improved; by 2035, the level of equalization of basic public services must be achieved.
Zhao Chenxin said that in order to implement the decision and deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, the National Development and Reform Commission, together with the Ministry of Education, the Health Commission and other 20 departments, jointly studied and drafted the "National Basic Public Service Standards (2021 Edition)", which clarified the current state of the country. Provide basic standards for basic public service items.
This standard has been approved by the State Council and has become an important basis for governments at all levels to perform basic public service responsibilities and the people to enjoy corresponding rights.
This is an important measure to promote the equalization of basic public services through standardization.
Zhao Chenxin pointed out that the "National Basic Public Service Standards (2021 Edition)" covers education for children, education for learning, income from work, medical care for the sick, support for the elderly, shelter for housing, and support for the weak, etc. The "seven has" and the "two guarantees" of excellent military service guarantee and cultural service guarantee have a total of 9 aspects, 22 categories, and 80 service items.
Each project clarifies the service target, service content, service standard, expenditure responsibility and lead responsible unit.
The formulation and promulgation of national basic public service standards is a major institutional innovation in my country to protect and improve people's livelihood. It should be said that this standard is jointly formulated by multiple departments and is of great significance.
This meaning has the following aspects:
First, it is conducive to safeguarding and improving basic people's livelihood.
The "National Basic Public Service Standards (2021 Edition)" clarifies the scope and bottom-line standards of basic public service items that governments at all levels must guarantee at this stage, allowing local governments to "maintain what they must protect" and "protect the basic people's livelihood at this stage." “To what extent” is well-informed will help guide localities to check for deficiencies and make up for leaks in accordance with the requirements of the central government, optimize the allocation of resources, and use limited financial resources in the areas most concerned by the people and the most critical links in the lives of the people. The bottom line of people's livelihood is secured and basic life is guaranteed.
Second, it is conducive to promoting the sharing of development results by the whole people.
The "National Basic Public Service Standards (2021 Edition)" is the basic standard for improving the national basic public service standard system, perfecting relevant service standards and specifications in this field for various industry authorities, determining the implementation standards in the region, and implementing standardization by grass-roots service organizations. Service process management provides an important basis for promoting the realization of standardized supply of basic public services across the country, and gradually realizing that all citizens can receive roughly equal basic public services in a fair and accessible way regardless of where they are, and jointly build, share, reform and develop Results.
Third, it is conducive to promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities.
The formulation and promulgation of the "National Basic Public Service Standards (2021 Edition)" to clarify the bottom-line standards of basic public services is a solemn commitment made by the state to the people, and it is a basic work for improving the basic public service system of the country, which is conducive to promoting the overall urban and rural planning. The people’s livelihood security system is more mature and finalized, which is conducive to promoting the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities.