Washington is optimistic about the talks

The United States is on the line of diplomatic efforts in Vienna on "Iranian nuclear"

  • The Arak heavy water reactor is one of the sites to which the criteria for compliance with the provisions of the nuclear agreement will be applied in the event of returning to work by the agreement.


  • The Iranian negotiating team in a previous round of talks on the "Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action" without the United States.


  • Rob Malley.


The United States will participate, starting yesterday, in talks in Vienna, in an attempt to salvage the international agreement on the Iranian nuclear file, in the first noticeable progress in this regard, since Joe Biden assumed the presidency in the United States.

But the United States and Iran were not at the same table, and the Europeans will play the role of mediator between the two parties, hoping to reach tangible results, after the impasse in the last two months.

"This is an important station that shows that the United States, like Iran, is very keen on breaking the deadlock and the anticipation scenario based on the saying (the ball is in the court of the opposite camp)," wrote Ali Wa`i, a researcher in the International Crisis Group.

The US President expressed his readiness to return to the agreement concluded in 2015 in Vienna, which aims to prevent Tehran from acquiring nuclear weapons.

His predecessor, Donald Trump, unilaterally withdrew from the agreement in 2018, re-imposing sanctions on Tehran, and intending to tighten them as well.

However, Tehran does not want to return to its obligations under the nuclear deal, which it gradually abandoned, unless the sanctions that stifle its economy are lifted.

A preacher said, "The idea is to define a framework for parallel phases, since neither side wants to take the first step."

Susan DiMadgio, a researcher at the Carnegie Endowment for International Research Center, said: "By doing so, both parties can save face and create a roadmap together."

Shuttle diplomacy

On the one hand, the meeting of the Joint Committee of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (the official name of the nuclear agreement) is held, in the presence of the current parties: Iran, Germany, France, Britain, China, and Russia, under the auspices of the European Union, represented by the Assistant Secretary-General of the Foreign Action Service, Enrique Mora.

At the same time, expert meetings are held over a period of 15 days or a month, which we do not know, according to a European diplomat based in the Austrian capital.

On the other hand, the American delegation will hold talks elsewhere with representatives of the European Union who will play the role of mediator, without any direct American contact with Iran, which has ruled out "any meeting" with the United States.

The Russian Deputy Foreign Minister, Sergey Ryabkov, told the Russian News Agency yesterday that this matter "does not facilitate the situation, but it is not a matter of creating something new, but rather returning to what was there in 2015."

"This shuttle diplomacy is not perfect, but the European Union is in a good position to get the situation out of the impasse and coordinate the necessary measures to revive the agreement," said Kelsey Davenport, director of arms control policy at arms control.

This expert called for the first bold gesture of the two parties, to give the process an impetus and to show political will from each of them.

Painstaking work

She explained that Washington could, for example, allow "external financial operations and facilitate humanitarian aid" in terms of medicines and medical devices, especially while Tehran, in return, could stop uranium enrichment at 20%.

But experts warn that the task will not be easy.

"The problem is all that is irreversible, such as the research activities that Iran has conducted in recent months," the European diplomat said.

But will the US administration accept the lifting of all sanctions, as Iran demands?

Iran reaffirmed yesterday that what is required at the Vienna meeting is "one step", which is the lifting of sanctions.

On the eve of the Vienna meeting, the Americans expressed their optimism.

"If we show realism, we can succeed," the US envoy, Rob Malley, said in a television interview.

We must do a painstaking work to study the sanctions to see what we can do, in order for Iran to enjoy the advantages that the agreement would have provided to it. ”


US envoy Rob Malley: “If we show realism, we can succeed.

We must do a painstaking work to study the sanctions to see what we can do, in order for Iran to enjoy the advantages that the agreement would have provided to it. ”

- The United States, like Iran, is seriously keen to break the deadlock and the wait-and-see scenario based on the saying, "The ball is in the court of the opposite camp."

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