"Beijing Anti-Food Waste Regulations (Draft)" was submitted to the Standing Committee of the Municipal People's Congress for deliberation, and over 5,000 public opinions were solicited. The

  maximum fine for inducing over-ordering was RMB 10,000.

  Many restaurants in Beijing have launched "half portion, half price", "small portion, moderate price" services, which not only allows consumers to have a variety of choices, but also effectively avoids food waste.

Profile picture/photographed by Wu Ning, reporter from Beijing News

  On March 12, the "Beijing Regulations on Anti-Food Waste (Draft)" was submitted to the 29th meeting of the Standing Committee of the 15th Municipal People's Congress for deliberation. The draft regulations require catering units to set up persuaators to remind consumers to order and take meals appropriately. , Packing the remaining meals, reminding and persuading the behavior of over-ordering and taking meals; Inducing or misleading consumers to over-ordering and causing obvious waste may be punished.

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  More than 5,000 comments were publicly solicited

  Cong Luoluo, chairman of the Social Construction Committee of the Beijing Municipal People's Congress, said that diligence and thrift are the traditional virtues of the Chinese nation and an important part of the construction of socialist spiritual civilization.

Strict economy and prevention of food waste are related to the vital interests of the people, and are of great significance for ensuring national food security, promoting sustainable economic and social development, and establishing a new trend of social civilization.

  Beijing has vigorously rectified the trend of waste, and food waste has been curbed to a certain extent.

However, there are many influencing factors to stop food waste, such as consumption philosophy, management level, uncivilized consumption customs, etc. The waste problem still exists to varying degrees and has become a stubborn disease. It is urgent to pass legislative system regulations and make targeted institutional arrangements.

  According to reports, during the drafting process, 10,818 city, district, and township people’s congress representatives participated in the questionnaire survey, and more than 680,000 people completed the online questionnaire.

Participants generally believed that it is necessary to pass legislation to stop food waste, and received more than 5,000 legislative suggestions.

  Cong Luoluo said that in order to link up with the anti-food waste legislation of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the name of the regulation was determined as "Beijing Anti-Food Waste Regulations."

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  Incorporate into the village regulations and conventions to promote changes in customs

  The draft regulations require that residents’ committees and villagers’ committees should incorporate anti-food waste into community residents’ conventions and village regulations and conventions, and do a good job in anti-food waste related work.

  Among them, Article 15 stipulates that the organizers of group meals such as business banquets, weddings and funerals should reasonably choose the dining styles, dining standards, types and quantities of meals, advocate changing customs, rational consumption, and resist bad habits such as extravagance and comparison.

The organizer shall improve the quality of meals and services, rationally arrange the banquet process and the number of tables, and shall not over-promote the banquet; it is recommended to implement a meal-sharing system.

The township people's government should strengthen the management of rural collective meals in the form of banquets organized by villagers themselves, and carry out anti-food waste publicity, education, guidance and inspection.

  Article 17 stipulates that operators of star-rated hotels, country houses, etc. should strengthen propaganda and guidance for tourists to eat civilized meals and oppose waste.

Travel agencies and tour guides should scientifically and reasonably arrange group meals based on the number of tourists dining and eating habits, and remind them to order appropriate meals and take meals on demand.

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  Establishment of persuaders in catering units

  The reporter found that the draft regulations have clear requirements for catering service operators and unit canteens.

  For example, catering units are required to improve the quality of catering supply, configure small servings and small servings of staple food, encourage rich meals, and provide multi-standard packages; post or display signs of civilized meals and anti-waste in eye-catching places in dining venues, and encourage the promotion of nutritious meals Knowledge; set up persuaders to remind consumers to order, take meals, and pack the remaining meals, remind and persuade the behavior of obvious excessive ordering and take meals; provide public spoons and chopsticks to provide consumers with packaging services, etc.

  The draft regulations require that catering service operators should clearly indicate the service items and charging standards, and must not set unfair or unreasonable trading conditions to induce or mislead consumers to order more meals; encourage civilized dining and CD-ROM consumers to give Rewards or discounts.

  If the catering service operator or the unit’s canteen does not set up an anti-waste sign, and does not take the initiative to remind the catering consumption, the market supervision and management department shall order the correction within a time limit and give a warning; if it induces or misleads consumers to over-order meals and cause obvious waste, the The market supervision and management department shall order corrections and give warnings; those who refuse to make corrections shall be fined not less than 1,000 yuan but not more than 10,000 yuan.

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  Any unit or individual has the right to dissuade and stop food waste

  The draft regulations also provide for companies such as takeaways and buffets.

  Among them, it is required that online catering service platforms and online catering service operators should prompt consumers to order meals on demand and in appropriate amounts in a prominent way, mark the meal size, specifications, and recommended number of people on the meal browsing page, and promote small-size meals , Optional package.

Take-out delivery should use standard lunch boxes, bags, and insulated and clean delivery containers.

Encourage online catering service platforms to use information technology to analyze catering consumption needs, and provide information technology services for online catering service operators to develop and improve meals, prepare meals on demand, and prevent and reduce waste.

  Buffet operators should establish meal preparation evaluation, meal supply inspections, etc., reasonably arrange dining tables according to the number of people to eat, equip with different specifications of dining utensils, and guide consumers to take small and multiple meals; they can take pre-appointed methods to cause waste Of consumers charge corresponding fees.

  The draft regulations clarify that any unit or individual has the right to discourage and stop food waste, and if a food producer or business operator is found to have violated these regulations, it can report to the citizen service hotline or relevant departments.

Relevant departments that receive the report shall deal with it in a timely manner in accordance with the law.

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  It is forbidden to publish audio and video waste of food such as overeating

  With the popularity of live webcasts, a category of bloggers specializes in "eat and broadcast", some of which are wasteful.

The draft regulations regulate this.

  The draft regulations require that online audio and video information service providers should strengthen the review of audio and video information, and if they find that the production, publication, and dissemination of audio and video information that is mostly eating, overeating, and other wasteful food, stop and stop the transmission of relevant content in a timely manner ; If the circumstances are serious, immediately stop providing information services.

  The market supervision and management department shall strengthen the supervision of food producers and operators and online catering service platforms against food waste, establish a sound supervision and inspection system, and investigate and deal with food waste in accordance with the law.

Network audio and video information service providers who fail to fulfill their audit obligations or produce, publish, or disseminate audio and video information that promotes a large amount of eating, overeating, and other wasteful foods shall be dealt with by the network information management department in accordance with the law.


  Reasonable distinction between legal and moral boundaries

  Liu Xiaomei, a researcher at the Institute of International Law of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, interpreted the application of compulsory measures in the anti-food waste legislation.

  Liu Xiaomei believes that the draft regulations reasonably distinguish the boundary between legal norms and ethical norms.

Governance by virtue and law is an important experience of China's rule of law civilization, and it is the basic principle and distinctive feature of socialist rule of law with Chinese characteristics.

  "Anti-food waste legislation is the requirement and embodiment of the rule of law for prominent issues in the ethics field. It is necessary to use the coercive force of the law to solve ethical issues, but also to abide by the boundary between law and ethics, so that the advantages of the rule of law and morality can be better utilized. "Liu Xiaomei said that, specifically in the catering field, legislation can restrict the behavior of catering operators and catering platforms to "practice economy and oppose waste".

Article 9 of the "Civil Code" stipulates that "Civil entities engaged in civil activities shall be conducive to resource conservation and protection of the ecological environment"; Article 509, paragraph 3 stipulates: "The parties shall avoid wasting resources and polluting the environment during the performance of the contract. And destroy the ecology".

She believes that these two provisions provide a basis for civil law to "practice economy and oppose waste."

The draft regulations properly deal with the connection between public law and private law.

  Beijing News reporter Li Yukun