(Observation of the two sessions) How can China's private enterprises develop better? NPC deputies put forward "keywords"
(Observation of the two sessions) How can China's private enterprises develop better?
NPC deputies put forward "keywords"
China News Service, Beijing, March 10 (Zhao Yejiao and Qian Chenfei) The "14th Five-Year Plan" and the draft of the 2035 long-term goal outline include "optimizing the development environment of private enterprises" and "promoting the high-quality development of private enterprises". Clarify the "road map".
How do private enterprises "educate new opportunities" and "open new games"?
During the National People's Congress and the National People's Congress, many deputies put forward their "keywords."
Data map: Workers are producing pipes in the smart production workshop.
Photo by Lin Hongyu
"Legal protection" is one of the key words.
Hu Jiqiang, deputy to the National People's Congress, Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of Conba Group Co., Ltd., said that the people's congress representatives have been calling for legislation on private enterprises.
"The rule of law is the best business environment, and it is necessary to formulate the "Private Enterprise Law" at the national level as soon as possible."
Hu Jiqiang suggested that the legislation should be clear: the development and promotion of private enterprises should adhere to the principle of neutrality of competition, ensure that private enterprises and other ownership enterprises use resource elements in accordance with the law, participate in market competition openly and fairly, and achieve equal rights, equal opportunities, and equal rules.
The "dividend incentive" in innovation is another key word.
Chen Baohua, a representative of the National People’s Congress and president of Zhejiang Huahai Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd., pointed out that the barriers encountered by enterprises in innovation and development are first of all technical problems. At the same time as the continuous acceleration of enterprise innovation and development, basic research is important to applied research. The constraints are getting bigger and bigger.
“For example, if a company is transforming from a generic drug to a new drug, adjusting the structure of a lead compound when the target has been discovered is basically an applied research and it takes more than ten years. If you want to further develop the first innovative drug, look for new drugs. The target point of China needs a lot of basic research, and the R&D team, ideas, investment and mechanism will change greatly, and the failure rate will be even greater.” Chen Baohua suggested that the state should increase investment in basic research and support the industry Leading companies carry out basic research, and the results can be shared with companies in the industry.
"The importance of innovation in the draft has been raised to a whole new level. Relevant departments should further optimize the business environment and stimulate the vitality of market players; accelerate the opening of major national scientific research infrastructure and large-scale scientific research equipment to private enterprises to realize the sharing of scientific and technological resources; support private enterprises Introduce high-level talents from overseas, unblock the channels of talent circulation, etc." said Zhang Tianren, deputy to the National People's Congress, Secretary of the Party Committee and Chairman of the Board of Directors of Tianneng Group.
Solving the "pain points" in development is also the key.
“The decline in the labor force in China and the increase in the average age of the labor force have led to an irreversible trend in labor costs. Financing difficulties and expensive financing are still the pain points that plague the development of small and medium-sized enterprises. The main reason is that the credit information system of banks and other financial institutions is still Mortgage guarantees are the mainstay." said Qiu Guanghe, representative of the National People's Congress and chairman of Semir Group Co., Ltd.
Qiu Guanghe suggested that it is necessary to increase support for the "machine substitution" of small and medium-sized enterprises, support third-party enterprises to carry out industrial robot leasing business, and promote the "machine substitution" of small and medium-sized enterprises at a faster speed.
It is necessary to accelerate the integration of information technology such as banking and big data, scientifically evaluate the credit of small and medium-sized enterprises, and establish a credit platform for small and medium-sized enterprises; at the same time, it is recommended to incorporate elements such as intellectual property rights, innovation capabilities, capacity scale, and industry status into the credit evaluation system. Effectively solve the problem of financing difficulties and expensive financing.