China News Service, March 8th. Hu Zucai, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, said on the 8th that my country’s economy has turned to a stage of high-quality development. as a result of.
The State Council Information Office held a press conference on the 8th to thoroughly implement the new development concept to ensure a good start in the "14th Five-Year Plan".
At the meeting, a reporter asked: During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, how will we promote a series of reform measures around the double cycle and new pattern?
Why is the economic growth target set to be higher than 6% in 2021, and how is it considered?
Why did the "14th Five-Year Plan" not set economic growth targets?
How to prevent asset bubbles, financial risks, and debt risks brought about by last year's loose policies in 2021?
In this regard, Zhao Chenxin, secretary-general of the National Development and Reform Commission, said that reform is always on the road, and reform can only be carried out, not when it is completed.
Entering the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, we must give full play to the key role of comprehensively deepening reform.
Regarding how this year’s macroeconomic regulation and control will balance economic growth and prevent risks, Zhao Chenxin pointed out that it is necessary to think about the bottom line, to make plans for the risks that are predicted, and to strengthen timely follow-up and research and judgment, and to control successively, and respond quickly and accurately .
In addition, we must unswervingly reform and use reforms to resolve risks and challenges.
Some of the reform tasks that the National Development and Reform Commission will focus on this year can be summarized into five efforts.
First, focus on stimulating the vitality of various market players.
In the field of state-owned economy, the focus is to promote the optimization of the layout and structural adjustment of the state-owned economy.
It is necessary to promote state-owned capital and state-owned enterprises to further focus on the functions of strategic security, industry leadership, national economy, people's livelihood, and public services, adjust the stock structure, and optimize the direction of incremental investment.
In terms of mixed ownership reform, it is necessary to actively and steadily advance the mixed ownership reform of state-owned enterprises, and to promote the four batches of pilot projects that have been determined for the mixed-ownership reform of more than 200 state-owned enterprises.
To create a batch of new benchmark enterprises and typical cases, it is necessary to summarize the practical experience of mixed reform in a timely manner, and formulate implementation opinions for deepening the mixed reform of state-owned enterprises.
In the field of private economy, the focus is still to optimize the development environment of the private economy, and efforts must be made to break down the barriers and obstacles that restrict the development of private enterprises.
It is also necessary to strengthen the monitoring of the operation of the private economy, establish a number of demonstration cities for the development of the private economy, and give full play to the leading role of typical demonstrations.
Second, focus on promoting the construction of a high-standard market system.
There are three aspects. In terms of market system construction, the "Action Plan for Building a High-Standard Market System" must be implemented, market quality and efficiency must be promoted, and the construction of a unified national market must be accelerated.
In terms of the efficient allocation of factors, we must continue to deepen the reform of market-oriented allocation of factors such as land, labor, capital, technology, and data, and carry out pilot reforms in the market-oriented allocation of factors.
In terms of improving market access, it is necessary to fully implement the "national one list" management model, and to improve the dynamic adjustment mechanism of the negative list.
This year, the "Negative List of Market Access (2021 Edition)" will be revised and issued to continue to break down various hidden barriers to market access.
Formulate and promulgate special measures to relax market access in Hainan and Shenzhen.
Third, focus on deepening the reform of key industries.
For example, the power industry needs to promote the establishment of a unified national power market system, expand the pilot power spot trading, and promote the implementation of the implementation plan of the power grid enterprise equipment manufacturing, design, construction and other competitive business reforms.
The oil and gas industry must deepen the reform of the oil and gas pipeline network operation mechanism, accelerate the construction of a national network, and promote the fair opening of the national pipeline network to market players, and constantly improve the government's crude oil and refined oil reserve system and mechanism, and the railway industry will deepen The reform of the railway market will promote the appropriate competition among the main players in the railway transportation business market.
Fourth, focus on promoting a comprehensive green transformation.
Focus on achieving the goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, speed up the construction of a national energy rights and carbon emission rights trading market, improve the dual control system of energy consumption, and improve the coordinated and orderly growth, consumption, and storage of clean energy. Institutional mechanisms for development.
Establish and improve the value realization mechanism of ecological products.
Speed up the study and formulation of ecological compensation regulations.
Fifth, focus on improving the level of people's livelihood security.
To improve the distribution policy system according to factors, it is necessary to improve the mechanism for the market to determine the remuneration of various factors of production, strive to increase the factor income of low- and middle-income groups, and firmly promote common prosperity.
In addition, it is necessary to improve the price control mechanism of important livelihood commodities, establish and improve the standard system of basic public services, promote the healthy development of elderly care services, and reform and improve the public service system for national fitness. To meet the growing needs of the people for a better life.
Regarding the formulation of the "14th Five-Year Plan" GDP indicator, Hu Zucai, deputy director of the National Development and Reform Commission, pointed out that GDP has always been the most comprehensive indicator that attracts the most attention.
The "Draft Outline" retains GDP as the main indicator, and at the same time sets the indicator value as an average annual growth "to be maintained within a reasonable range and proposed in each year as appropriate." This is the first expression in the history of the five-year plan.
In fact, it is mainly based on qualitative expressions, implicitly quantitative expressions.
This is an adjustment made from the overall and overall situation of advancing the modernization drive, fully grasping the development trend of the "14th Five-Year Plan" and the internal and external environment, after careful argumentation, repeated comparisons and selections, and in-depth research.
He pointed out that it is necessary to understand this statement comprehensively and accurately.
First, GDP is a core indicator that measures the level of a country’s economic development, reflecting comprehensive economic strength and international competitiveness. Therefore, the main indicators of the "Draft Outline" still retain the GDP indicator, which is just the expression of the indicator value. Adjustment.
Second, my country’s economy has shifted to a stage of high-quality development. We cannot simply use GDP growth as a hero, let alone ignore the consequences of quality, efficiency and the ecological environment for economic growth. On the other hand, achieving modernization also requires reasonable growth. It is still the largest developing country in the world, and development is still the basis and key to solving all problems. The "Draft Outline" has effectively addressed both needs.
The economic growth goals are mainly qualitative and implicitly quantitative, which does not mean that GDP growth is not required. The Fifth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee proposed that the per capita GDP will reach the level of moderately developed countries by 2035, which implies China's GDP growth rate in the next 15 years. It needs to be kept within a reasonable range. At the same time, the other main indicators in the "Draft Outline", such as unemployment rate, energy consumption intensity, carbon emission intensity, are related to GDP. These indicators give specific numbers, which are implicit. Therefore, we must work hard to keep the economic growth rate in line with the potential economic growth rate.
Third, it is certain that GDP growth will be maintained at a certain speed through multiple connections and calculations, and many think tanks have carried out calculations.
However, considering that there are still great uncertainties in the external environment in the past five years, not setting a specific quantitative growth target is conducive to responding to various risks and challenges more actively, proactively, and calmly, enhancing development flexibility, and responding to There is room for uncertainty, and it is also conducive to guiding all parties to focus on improving the quality and efficiency of development.
Compared with five years, the annual situation is easier to study and judge. Therefore, during the annual work, the annual growth target can be determined according to the internal and external environmental changes and economic operation conditions. In fact, the specific value is determined during the year. .