(Two Sessions Express) How to break through the key bottlenecks of digital transformation?

Representative Weapon Do "Five New"

  Chinanews, Beijing, March 7 (Zhao Yejiao, Wang Yifei, Qian Chenfei) In recent years, information and communication technologies represented by 5G, big data, and artificial intelligence have continued to innovate and make breakthroughs, and important progress has been made in the construction of Digital China.

With the deepening of digital transformation, how to break through the key bottlenecks such as technological breakthroughs and deployment advancement of new infrastructure, market-oriented allocation of factors, integration and innovation of the empowerment of industrial upgrading, security guarantees, and institutional supply?

  At the Fourth Session of the 13th National People’s Congress that is currently being held, Zheng Jie, a representative of the National People’s Congress, Secretary of the Party Committee, Chairman and General Manager of China Mobile Communications Group Zhejiang Co., Ltd., gave suggestions for doing the "five new" in an interview. , That is, to strengthen the foundation of "new infrastructure", accelerate the application of "new elements", accelerate the cultivation of "new kinetic energy", create a "new security" barrier, and build a "new governance" system.

  In recent years, the development of China's information and communication industry has entered the fast lane.

By the end of last year, there were 720,000 5G base stations nationwide, accounting for about 70% of the world, and covering all prefecture-level cities and some key counties.

The number of racks in the national data center has reached 30% of the global total, and artificial intelligence servers account for about 1/3 of the global market.

  This year’s government work report puts forward that during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, it is necessary to accelerate digital development, create new advantages in the digital economy, coordinate digital industrialization and industrial digital transformation, accelerate the pace of digital society construction, improve the level of digital government construction, and create a good digital ecology. Build a digital China.

  Under the above background, Zheng Jie believes that in order to achieve greater breakthroughs in digitalization, it is more necessary to clearly see some of the problems in the current development of the information and communication industry, including: technological breakthroughs in new infrastructure, deployment and advancement still need to be accelerated; technical elements and data The level of market-oriented allocation of elements needs to be improved; the empowering role of integrated innovation on industrial upgrading needs to be strengthened; the security of networks, data and emerging fields is facing challenges; the institutional supply and guarantee of digital transformation are insufficient.

  In response to the above-mentioned problems, Zheng Jie put forward suggestions for doing well in the "five new".

  In terms of building the foundation of the “new infrastructure”, he believes that three key points should be specifically focused: one is to speed up independent innovation of core technologies, and to solve the “stuck neck” problem of high-end chips and operating systems; the other is to accelerate the maturity of related technologies ; The third is to strengthen the overall planning and construction of new infrastructure, and create a new type of digital infrastructure cluster with integrated forms and open architecture.

  To accelerate the use of "new elements", he suggested perfecting the institutional mechanisms for market-oriented allocation of technical elements and data elements.

Strengthen the incentives, transformation and sharing of scientific and technological achievements; deepen the open sharing of data resources to ensure privacy and security in the process of data circulation; improve the scope of factor market allocation and operating mechanisms.

  Regarding accelerating the cultivation of "new kinetic energy", Zheng Jie believes that it is necessary to optimize the industrial structure, solve the current regional industry selection convergence and the excessive proportion of low-end industries, strengthen the cultivation of integrated application supporting industries, and upgrade the basic digital technology platform. , The application level of tools, and the prosperity of the digital ecology.

At the same time, improve the application support system for digital transformation, accelerate the application and promotion of network ID cards and digital RMB, and solve the problems of unclear advancement of digital twins and insufficient application depth as soon as possible; high-precision positioning services are not robust and service models are not good. .

  In addition, Zheng Jie suggested that a "new security" barrier should be created by strengthening network security, data security, security in emerging fields, and security in important industries.

By accelerating key legislation in key areas, improving the coordination and restraint mechanism of "soft law and hard law", and strengthening the construction of the market supervision system, we will build a "new governance" system.