Lycée Montaigne, in Paris (6th) on February 12, 2020. -
Clément Follain / 20 Minutes
The posting system at the lycée in Paris, Affelnet, has undergone a facelift.
From now on, 3rd year students will be able to apply in May in five high schools located at a maximum of 25 minutes by transport from their home.
Nothing will prevent them from requesting higher schools further away, but they will not be given priority.
A reform opposed by many parents.
"Affelnet can not be a lottery", hammered this Friday Christophe Kerrero, the rector of the Paris academy, presenting his reform of the procedure for assigning students to Parisian high schools, which must come into force at the start of the school year. next.
Because according to him, the previous version of Affelnet was not satisfactory.
In fact, last year 2,000 families lodged complaints after receiving their child's high school assignment.
“We witnessed a psychodrama which showed that we had reached the end of a system,” admits the rector.
helps you decipher this complex reform and the implications it will have for students.
What were the faults of Affelnet old formula?
"He encouraged hyper competition and hyper selection", according to Christophe Kerrero, and "he created a hierarchy between the 44 Parisian high schools".
Example: at the Lycée Charlemagne, 95% of the students who arrived had an average of 15/20, against only 3% of the students at the Lycée Henri-Bergson.
The new Affelnet therefore has three objectives: "to strengthen the proximity of their school for the pupils, as well as social and educational diversity", indicates the rector.
What will the new school map look like?
Since 2008, Paris has been divided into four districts and the pupils of 3rd year apply in ten high schools in their area.
Their academic results and their possible scholarship status made it possible to determine their future high school.
In the new Affelnet, the four districts are deleted.
It is always possible and even recommended to make up to 10 wishes.
And now, 3rd year students will be able to apply as a priority in May in five high schools located at 25 minutes maximum by transport from their home.
To find out which sector high school their college is attached to, students can consult the interactive map of the Paris rectorate.
Nothing will prevent them from asking for other higher schools further away (called sector 2), but they will not have priority.
Families will be able to enter their wishes from May 10 to 31 and will have the results of the assignment on June 30.
For those who have not obtained anything, a second round of Affelnet will take place from July 9 to 12.
According to what criteria will the students be assigned?
A points system will allow the student to access the high school they want or not.
A bonus is granted to him according to the proximity of the establishment to his domicile, another if he is a scholarship holder, another according to the social profile of his college (known as the IPS bonus).
If the student has completed his education in a very disadvantaged college, he will have more points.
Finally, points will be awarded to him based on his academic results and his mastery of the common core of skills.
“It is not obligatory to place the high schools in its sector in the first vows.
It is not the order of the wishes which will give a priority of assignment, specifies Claire Mazeron, academic director in charge of high schools.
Why is this reform criticized by some parents?
They don't find it fair.
"Some colleges, mainly peripheral and disadvantaged, do not have the panel of attractive high schools promised," said the FCPE Paris in a press release published on Friday.
And students from the east of Paris can no longer claim secondary schools in the center.
"There is life in Paris outside the Charlemagne high school [very popular 4th grade establishment]", replies Christophe Kerrero, who explains that each college will be linked to 2 or 3 very attractive high schools.
The Parisian parents' collective committed against the Affelnet reform also considers that it leads to a sort of house arrest for the pupils: "The importance of the geographical bonus for sector 1 distorts the scale and in fact leads to a virtual obligation to choose one of the 5 high schools in this sector ”.
The FCPE also believes that the reform will promote interpersonal skills for the students of the beautiful districts: "The colleges of the center are almost all attached to the high schools of the center".
Elise Lemaire, from the parents' collective in the 5th arrondissement, deplores the lack of transparency: “Concerning the taking into account of school results, points are awarded according to his mastery of the common base of competence.
But these "skill points" are awarded in an opaque manner.
Families don't know how much their children have, which could help them determine whether they have any chances of entering an attractive high school ”.
In addition, according to her, “the risk of a flight into the private sector of the children who will have been affected in a badly rated high school is still very strong.
And these relegated high schools have no additional means to attract more students, so will remain ghettos ”.
Several petitions from parents of students have already emerged.
Will the scholarship recipients be winners?
Of course, they will benefit from a bonus and a quota of places will be reserved for them in each establishment.
This will vary depending on the school, but will oscillate between 14 and 35%.
We can therefore imagine that they will be more able to obtain an attractive high school in their sector or even outside their sector.
Particularly in the western sector of Paris, which has fewer scholarship holders than in the north.
But Elise Lemaire sees another problem: “The scholarship holders are not supported when they enter an elitist high school.
And some leave after the second, for lack of the level.
To promote diversity, they should be offered support courses ”.
Will average students be harmed?
The rectorate is betting that by "lowering the rate of pressure on the most attractive high schools", they will no longer be accessible only to the best students, but to others with a more average level.
“A high demand high school in the eastern sector had 50 colleges attached to it with the old system.
From now on, he will only have 20 ”, indicates Claire Mazeron.
What will happen to the students who have or are going to move in 3rd?
“The sector college is the one associated with the pupil's new address.
But for the IPS bonus (that is to say that which is determined according to the social profile of the college) it is that of the college where the pupil was educated in 3rd which will be taken into account ”, explains Claire Mazeron. .
What will happen to the students in the private sector?
The great novelty of this system is the integration of private high schools into Affelnet.
“Because each year, private students enrolled in both a private and public high school.
And they were unnecessarily blocking places in the audience.
Suddenly, some students in the public did not have an assignment, ”explains Claire Mazeron.
The new system will make it possible to avoid this system of double registration.
Will Affelnet still be able to evolve?
The system will not be “frozen” and will be able to “evolve at the margins”, also promised the rector of Paris, specifying that a monitoring committee would be set up.
It will be chaired by Julien Grenet, researcher at the CNRS.
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