China News Service, Beijing, March 4 (Reporter Zhao Jianhua) The Ministry of Finance of China announced on the 4th that the central government has allocated 931.6 billion yuan during the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, which has driven local governments to increase investment and accelerate the balanced development of compulsory education. Integration of urban and rural areas.

In 2020, about 154 million urban and rural compulsory education students will be exempted from tuition and miscellaneous fees and receive free textbooks, and about 25 million students from poor families will receive living allowances.

  During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the central government will support the overall improvement of the basic conditions for running weak schools in poor areas of compulsory education, basically eliminate urban "large classes", basically make up for the shortcomings of township boarding schools and small rural schools, and accelerate the promotion of rural school information化.

Increase incentives and subsidies for local pilot areas, support local governments in implementing the nutrition improvement plan for rural compulsory education students, and improve the nutritional status of students in poverty-stricken areas.

  During the "13th Five-Year Plan" period, the "Special Post Program for School Teachers in Rural Compulsory Education" was implemented to support poverty-stricken areas in optimizing the structure of rural teachers.

The recruitment plan will be increased for four consecutive years from 2017 to 2020. In 2020, the number of recruits will reach 105,000. By the end of 2020, the number of special post teachers in the central and western regions will exceed 270,000.

At the same time, guide the central and western regions to strengthen the training of key teachers in rural schools and kindergartens; support the local implementation of the policy of subsidies for rural teachers in concentrated and contiguous areas; encourage outstanding teachers to support education in remote and poverty-stricken areas, border ethnic areas and old revolutionary areas.

  During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, more than half of China's fiscal compulsory education funds were used in the central and western regions.

Among them, more than 85% of the transfer payment for compulsory education from the central government is used to support the central and western regions.

The Ministry of Finance stated that the next step will be to optimize policy measures, increase investment, strengthen positive incentives, and guide local governments to continue to promote the balanced development of compulsory education and the integration of urban and rural areas.