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Non-payment of pensions is also violence against women because, according to experts, it serves the aggressor to perpetuate himself in a position of control that contributes to impoverishing his former partner, subjecting him to psychological stress and, in addition, increases the vulnerability of his children.

The Ministry of the Interior has computed economic violence as one of the vertices that shapes sexist violence in a report - the first in which the State Security Forces and Bodies participate - with complaints ranging from 2015 to 2019.

The dossier has been compiled from the data provided by the National Police, the Civil Guard, the Ertzaintza, the Mossos d'Esquadra, the Navarra Foral Police and the local police and constitutes a real and profound approach to gender violence due to the accuracy of the data, all official.

In the years under study, the department headed by Fernando Grande-Marlaska has counted a total of 601,416 complaints from women victims of sexist violence.

Of these, 18,235 correspond to non-payment of the pension set by a judge.

They were women between the ages of 31 and 40.

Psychic and physical violence

This economic abuse was detected in men who, even having the capacity to assume the payment, chose to stress their ex-partner.

Since 2015, the law considers as a crime the act of breaking with the obligation to pass the remuneration set by the justice.

The report also abounds in the other edges of sexist violence.

It begins by analyzing the psychic, which led to the highest number of complaints with 305,271.

In percentage: 51% of the total.

A higher frequency was detected in the age group between 31 and 40 years, although the statistics detect an increase in cases in the period for the group of women older than 65 years.

In this case, in the home or family environment.

"This type of mental violence also acquires a greater proportional weight every year in the category of gender violence," the experts specify.

It is followed by acts of physical violence, with 233,577 -39% of the total-, suffered more frequently by women between 18 and 30 years of age.

The report also includes a sustained growth in this category caused by a notable increase in assaults of gender violence perpetrated in the field of partner and ex-partner relationships, which represent 77.8% of those included in this category.

Sexual violence

Next is sexual violence, with 44,333 known facts - (7% -, which affect underage women, although the most violent forms - sexual assaults and penetrative sexual assaults - victimize above all women included in the group of 18 to 30 years.

This first quantitative analysis carried out at the national level complies with the State pact on gender violence signed by the Government, the autonomous communities and cities with autonomy statute and the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (FEMP), whose Axis VI includes measures related to the statistical monitoring of this phenomenon.

"Based on the Government's commitment to eradicating any form of violence that, both directly or indirectly, affects the life of women and their immediate surroundings, this work makes it possible to make visible the magnitude of violence against women and measures for the first time in Spain the reality of the phenomenon as a whole that society and its institutions are facing ", they have specified from the Ministry of the Interior.

According to the criteria of The Trust Project

Know more

  • National Police

  • Civil Guard

  • Ertzaintza

  • Mossos d'Esquadra

  • Spain

  • Justice

  • Fernando Grande-Marlaska

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