Investigate coal-related corruption and promote the purification of political ecology

Enlightenment from a series of coal-related corruption cases in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region

  The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region is rich in coal resources, widely distributed, large in reserves, and easy to develop. The raw coal output in 2019 was 1.035 billion tons, accounting for 27.6% of the national output.

The period from 2000 to 2010 was the golden decade of rapid development of my country's coal industry and the decade of rapid economic growth in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, with an average annual GDP growth rate of 18%.

However, with the rapid development of the coal economy, violations of regulations and laws in the field of coal resources have spread, and the local political ecology has been seriously polluted.

General Secretary Xi Jinping attaches great importance to it and requires special rectification of violations of regulations and laws in the coal resources field of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

The National Supervision Commission of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection resolutely implements the spirit of the General Secretary’s important instructions, supervises and guides the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to promote reforms based on cases, comprehensively rectify violations of laws and regulations in the field of coal resources, and comprehensively purify the political ecology, so as to take the ecological priority and green development as the guidance. New ways of quality development provide a strong guarantee.

 Ukin is smeared, coal-related corruption has become the biggest "cancer" of political ecology

  Since 2018, with the approval of the Party Central Committee, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission has filed a case and investigated and dealt with 5 middle-management cadres in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. Among them, Yun Guangzhong, Xing Yun, Bai Xiangqun, and Yun Citizen are involved in corruption and coal "black gold". Related.

  Yun Guangzhong used to be the mayor and secretary of the Municipal Party Committee of Manzhouli City, the mayor and secretary of the Municipal Party Committee of Ordos City, the vice chairman of the autonomous region government, the Standing Committee of the Autonomous Region Party Committee, and the secretary of the Hohhot Municipal Party Committee. He used his power or position influence to help illegal businessmen in the coal system Oil project construction approval, application for coal minefield replacement, participation in coal field fire extinguishing engineering company, adjustment of pre-allocated coal resource block location and other aspects to seek huge benefits, directly or through their close relatives and others illegally accept property from others, a total of RMB 94.32 million Yu Yuan.

  Xing Yun served as the leader of the Ikezhao League, the secretary of the League Committee, the secretary of the Ordos Municipal Party Committee, the Secretary of the Baotou Municipal Party Committee, the Standing Committee of the Party Committee of the Autonomous Region, and the Secretary of the Political and Legal Committee. He used his position to facilitate the settlement of contract fraud cases, contract engineering construction, and Provide assistance in exempting land transfer fees, obtaining land use rights, applying for coal export quotas, etc., directly or through their close relatives, illegally accepting property from others, which amounts to more than 449 million yuan.

  Bai Xiangqun used to serve as the mayor and secretary of the municipal party committee of Wuhai City, secretary of the Xilin Gol League Committee, member of the party group of the autonomous region government, and vice chairman. He intervened in all aspects of coal resource mining, allocation, transformation and utilization to seek illegal interests and obtain benefits for related enterprises. They provided assistance with coal transportation indicators and escaped illegal mining crime investigations. They obtained and received property directly or through others, which was equivalent to more than 85.15 million yuan. They also obtained tens of millions of yuan in profits from securities transactions through illegally obtaining inside information.

  Yun Citizen uses the influence formed by important positions such as the leader of the Ikezhao League, the secretary of the League Committee, the vice chairman of the autonomous region government, the deputy secretary of the party group, and the general manager of Huadian Group to provide assistance to some enterprises in the operation and development of coal and real estate. The relevant regulations are engaged in profit-making activities, indulging and acquiescing to family members to use the influence of their positions for personal gain, and are suspected of accepting huge bribes.

The Yun Citizen case has been transferred to the procuratorial organ for review and prosecution in accordance with the law.

  The above-mentioned cases exposed deep-seated problems in the field of coal resources in Inner Mongolia, which are highlighted in the following aspects:

  One is the illegal acquisition and reselling of coal resources.

Some leading cadres took state-owned coal mines as their own through enterprise restructuring and other methods, and took huge profits; some non-coal companies entered the coal field for various reasons, obtained resources illegally at low prices and then reselled them; some leading cadres in departments with the right to approve, Get involved in the coal field to grab national resources and obtain huge profits.

  The second is the allocation of coal resources in violation of regulations and laws.

Policies such as coal blending on demand for coal processing companies and coal blending for non-coal companies based on investment are distorted. Some use fake projects and fake investments as "empty gloves", and some violate regulations and exceed coal blending, resulting in a serious loss of state-owned assets. Some take advantage of the national coal policy to commit corruption.

In 2010, after the state decided that the autonomous region should extinguish fires on spontaneous combustion in local coal fields, a large number of illegal coal blending problems appeared in the name of fire extinguishing, and "fire coal" became "corrupt coal".

  The third is that coal-related corruption seriously pollutes the local political ecology.

Some go into battle shirtlessly and use their power to get coal directly; some "I approve coal at the front desk and make money behind their children"; some participate in profit through "dark stocks" and "dry stocks".

Some use resources as a bargaining chip to take advantage of the opportunity to engage in clinging, "antenna", tie up the rich and powerful, and seek promotion; some associate with each other, hold groups for warmth, and jointly bite the country's interests.

  Fourth, problems in the field of coal resources have spread.

After grabbing the first pot of gold in coal-rich areas, a large amount of private capital has gradually expanded into transportation, land and other fields. The "coal boss" turned to build roads and speculate land and became "road tyrants" and "landlords", and some leading cadres intervened. Corruption issues continue to breed, and accumulated abuses spread.

Ecological and environmental problems have also become increasingly prominent. The beautiful prairie has been digging for coal on a large scale to power up electricity, and the former green lung has gradually become a place where wind and sand are raging.

  These coal-related corruption issues reflect that the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region still has weak links in strengthening party leadership, comprehensively administering the party, building party style and clean government, and fighting corruption. The local party committees and governments are not enough to implement the new development concept, and the implementation of policies and regulations is not effective. , Management is extensive and chaotic, and there is a large space for rent-seeking power. It is urgent to deepen reforms through cases and promote special governance.

  Scrape the bones to cure poison, eliminate the old disadvantages of "relying on coal to eat coal"

  The State Supervision Commission of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection conducted an in-depth analysis of a series of coal-related corruption cases in Inner Mongolia, pointed out outstanding problems in the coal resources field, and put forward specific disciplinary inspection and supervision recommendations.

The Party Committee of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region fully implemented the requirements of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission’s disciplinary inspection and supervision recommendations, quickly established a special rectification leading group, formulated a thorough plan, made timely deployments, and established more than 40 special working groups to comprehensively check and rectify the development and utilization of coal resources since 2000 , Comprehensively rectify the violations of coal-related regulations and laws by all public officials in party and government agencies, public institutions, and state-owned enterprises at all levels in the region since 2000, focusing on rectification of coal-related violations by personnel working in important positions and related to coal resource management Illegal issues.

  —— Thorough investigation, verification and review.

On the one hand, all coal mines in the autonomous region are checked one by one, focusing on illegal acquisition of mining rights, loss of state-owned enterprise property rights, corporate corruption and work style issues, from planning and project approval, investment review, resource allocation, environmental review and review and approval of mining rights, equity changes, mineral transactions, etc. All links pull up a list of questions.

A total of 4,030 coal-related companies were checked, 2017 companies were found to be problematic, and 5,261 specific problems were found.

On the other hand, the organization mobilized more than 1.39 million public officials who served in party and government agencies, public institutions, state-owned enterprises at all levels or who had served since 2000 to actively report that they, their spouses, children, and their spouses have received property and property from coal-related enterprises. If coal companies invest in shares, use coal resources for personal gain, or neglect their duties, the existing problems shall be corrected immediately.

3413 people took the initiative to report related problems, of which 27 were at the departmental level, involving 7.57 billion yuan in profits, which have been recovered and refunded in accordance with regulations and laws.

  ——In-depth special inspections were carried out.

Launched special inspections on violations of laws and regulations in the field of coal resources, and carried out special projects on violations of laws and regulations in the field of coal resources for 7 key coal-related coal alliance cities including Ordos, 4 coal-related departments including the Department of Natural Resources, and 3 coal-related state-owned enterprises including Baotou Steel Group Inspections; 7 alliances and cities including Ordos simultaneously conducted special inspections on 279 coal-related departments, units, townships (Sumu) and state-owned enterprises in 43 counties (cities, districts, and banners), and a total of 2,106 coal-related problems were discovered.

Each inspection team insisted on patrolling and reforming, patrolling and inspecting, quickly dealt with clues that reflect specific and highly detectable problems, handed over prominent problems with clear facts and clear responsibilities in a timely manner, and urged the establishment of reforms, rectifications and reforms. .

  -Vigorously rectify outstanding problems.

Focusing on finding problems, distinguishing the situation, sorting and handling, and rectifying them one by one.

Intensify the cleanup and disposal of coal resources, and organize the bidding of the proceeds from the transfer of mining rights for the remaining resources of unallocated projects within the scope of prospecting rights.

The amount of resources allocated separately in the allocation of mining rights and not allocated by self-owned mining rights shall be evaluated and confirmed in accordance with the new standards, a payment plan shall be formulated, and the mining rights transfer proceeds shall be collected in accordance with regulations.

Speed ​​up the recovery of funds related to the field of coal resources that are underpaid, reduced or used in violation of regulations, changed equity in violation of laws and regulations, and evaded taxes in mineral transactions.

The transfer of state-owned collective coal mining rights in violation of regulations and low prices shall be handled strictly in accordance with the law.

The investigation and punishment of fire-fighting projects and the spread and spread of violations in the field of coal resources are listed as important special projects, and efforts are concentrated and focused on promotion.

A total of 1,513 projects involving coal-related issues were evaluated, including 445 projects that caused loss of state-owned assets, and 39.326 billion yuan of losses have been recovered.

  ——Seriously investigate and deal with corruption cases.

Focus on leading cadres and their spouses, children, relatives and friends with huge amounts of money involved, strong feedback from the cadres and the masses, concentrated problems, and particularly bad-natured leaders and their spouses, children, relatives and friends.

Simultaneously carry out anti-corruption risk investigations of coal-related regions, departments, and enterprises, investigation and handling of corruption cases, and establishment of rules and regulations, and comprehensively purify the political ecology by promoting corruption without, not wanting, and not wanting to be corrupt.

Adhere to seeking truth from facts, combining leniency and strictness, and lenient and lenient handling of situations such as proactively confessing problems, surrendering illegal gains, eliminating the impact, and performing major meritorious services in accordance with laws and regulations.

Du Xuejun, Secretary of the Ulanqab Municipal Party Committee, Bai Zhi, Director of the Transport Department of the Autonomous Region, Bai Dun, the former Director of the Autonomous Region’s Department of Land and Resources, and 216 county-level officials including Guo Chengxin, the former Director of the Ordos Coal Bureau, were filed for review and investigation. Form a powerful shock.

Inspired by the policy, the former party secretary and director of the Wuhai Municipal People's Congress Hao Jianjun and other 12 cadres at the department level took the initiative to surrender.

  -Continuously deepen comprehensive governance.

Comprehensively clean up policies and regulations in the field of coal resources that have been issued by various departments at all levels in the autonomous region since 2000, coordinate the work of reforming and retiring, improve systems and mechanisms, plug regulatory loopholes, and eliminate power rent-seeking space.

Deeply rectify and implement the outstanding problems in the implementation of the new development concept, adopt a multi-pronged and comprehensive approach in terms of ideological understanding, policy measures, institutional mechanisms, assessment, rewards and punishments, and effectively establish ecological priority and green development orientation.

Insisting on learning from one another and making overall considerations, while concentrating on special rectification of outstanding problems in the coal resources field, we will continue to in-depth advance the rectification of outstanding problems in other mineral resources fields, form work linkages, and amplify the rectification effect.

Deeply reflect on the outstanding problems and weaknesses in comprehensively administering the party, improving the power operation mechanism, and strengthening the construction of governance capabilities, and promote the rectification work as a whole to promote the improvement of the overall work level.

The region abolished or declared invalid 863 policy and regulation documents; 2,542 enforcement documents with problems have been disposed of.

Focusing on prominent problems such as extensive and chaotic management in the coal-related field, in-depth search for system loopholes, procedural flaws, and execution shortcomings behind the problems, research and formulation of 106 regulatory documents, 99 have been issued.

Consolidate the foundation and improve the comprehensive management ability in the field of coal resources

  Under the full supervision and full support of the State Supervision Commission of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region has stepped up its special rectification work, comprehensively investigated and intensively rectified the prominent coal-related corruption problems, and the special rectification work has continuously achieved new and greater results, in order to promote the autonomous region’s comprehensive strictness Govern the party in depth and develop, continue to purify and repair the political ecology, optimize the development of coal resources and lay the foundation for the development environment.

  -Prominent coal-related corruption has been comprehensively rectified.

Through comprehensively clearing out the clues of the problem, comprehensively rectifying the outstanding coal-related corruption problems, comprehensively reviewing the historical problems since 2000, focusing on the "four types" of outstanding problems. Coal-related projects, coal-related enterprises, and the "four full coverage" of the beginning of the problem have effectively curbed the spread of coal-related corruption.

Disciplinary inspection and supervision organs at all levels in the district initiated 1,495 clues on coal-related issues, 3898 new clues were accepted, 2724 were initially verified, 85 conversation letters, a total of 668 cases were filed, 952 cases were closed, and 663 party discipline and government sanctions were imposed. 834 persons were organized and handled, 92 persons were transferred to judicial organs.

  ——The development environment of coal resources has improved significantly.

Closely focus on the establishment of systems for property rights transactions, resource allocation, administrative approval, production supervision, etc., fully implement the market-oriented allocation mechanism of coal resources, promote the reform of the coal resource approval system by classification, establish and improve the approval list management system, and strive to build clear rights and responsibilities, and property rights A sound mineral resource management system promotes the transformation of government functions, and takes multiple measures to promote the healthy and orderly development of the coal industry.

In response to the once-occurring problems of coal production decline and increased pressure to ensure supply, effective measures have been taken to increase the intensity of supply.

In 2020, the district's coal production will exceed 1 billion tons, effectively guaranteeing coal supply.

  —— Purification and restoration of political ecology.

In response to problems such as low political position, weak political awareness, unserious political life, and unhealthy political ecology reflected in coal-related corruption, we should effectively establish, tighten, and implement political discipline and rules, and use strong political supervision Uproot the deep-seated problems that affect the political ecology.

Since the special rectification, hundreds of serious political and ecological problems such as the use of coal resources for clinging and antenna installation have been investigated and dealt with, and the “two maintenances” have been practiced with tangible rectification results.

Continue to keep an eye on the progress of the implementation of the rectification and reform of the special inspections feedback, and feedback 2106 issues to the inspected areas and units, of which 1809 have completed the rectification or achieved initial results.

  ——Good social effects are gradually formed.

Persist in opening the door for rectification, relying closely on the people to win the special rectification battle, and publicize to the public the special rectification of illegal problems in the coal resources field of the autonomous region. Hopefully, we will seriously investigate and deal with the outstanding issues that the masses have reported strongly, and earnestly safeguard the people's vital rights and interests, and win the high praise and recognition of the masses of cadres and the masses with the tangible effects of rectification and reform.

The masses generally expressed that “special rectification is necessary and strongly supported, which reflects the determination of the central government to rectify corruption in the coal sector. It will effectively rectify the order and development environment of the coal industry in Inner Mongolia, and will bring benefits to the national coal industry”.

 Work inspiration

  The series of coal-related corruption cases in Inner Mongolia reflect that a small number of party members and cadres, together with unscrupulous businessmen, used coal resources as "Tang monk meat" and "cash machine", and used power to enrich themselves and use power for personal gain. This has become the biggest source of pollution to the local political ecology.

In order to promote reform by case, we must adhere to the combination of investigation and reform and source dredging, make great efforts to eliminate the old-fashioned abuses, expand and extend the governance chain, to control corruption and promote the healthy development of the industry, and to strictly govern the party to restore and purify the political ecology .

  First, it is necessary to play a "game of chess" to treat the symptoms and the root cause, and promote the overall effectiveness.

Coal and other mineral resource-based corruption problems have complex causes, diverse forms, and a wide range of areas, making it difficult to manage.

To promote the reform of such cases, we must strengthen the overall thinking and systematic concept, not only focus on the symptoms of outstanding problems involving coal corruption, but also take charge of the overall development and utilization of coal resources to cure the root causes, not only to treat individual symptoms, but also to dig out the roots of common diseases. Keep old accounts, be good at investigating bad accounts, deepen the rectification of stubborn misfortunes, open up the internal connection between the "second half of the article" and the "first half of the article", establish and improve the fundamental mechanism of analyzing cases, warning education, talking and establishing rules and regulations, and do a good job The case urged the reform of the "whole article", so that party members and cadres "dare not to corrupt" because of awe, "cannot be corrupt" because of the system, and "do not want to be corrupt" because of consciousness. Through investigating and handling a case, educating a group of cadres, and perfecting a set System, solve the first type of problems, promote the comprehensive and in-depth rectification of the system, and realize the complete rebirth of the mining industry.

  Second, we must make good use of the "two hands" of the government and the market to promote the improvement of governance capabilities in the field of resource development.

One of the main reasons why resource-rich and capital-intensive fields such as coal, oil, electricity, and natural gas have long been the worst-hit areas for corruption is that the government and the market have unclear boundaries and unclear responsibilities, which have led to problems such as the use of power, collusion between government and business, and the transfer of benefits.

To promote the reform of such cases, it is necessary to straighten out the relationship between the government and the market, establish a mineral resources management system with clear supervisory powers and responsibilities, and a sound property right system, so that the market can play a decisive role in the allocation of resources, and the government's role should be better used to promote The government is "promising" and the market is "effective".

Promote the reform of a series of coal-related corruption issues in Inner Mongolia. On the one hand, comprehensively deepen the reform of the mineral resources field, establish and improve the natural resource property rights system, streamline and optimize the approval process, promote the separation of the exercise of ownership and performance of regulatory responsibilities, and minimize administrative power Unreasonable intervention in the field of mineral resources development.

On the other hand, integrate the functions of coal-related and mine-related regulatory departments, explore integrated management mechanisms for mineral resources, strengthen the supervision of intermediary services such as evaluation of mining rights, pay close attention to key links such as planning, project establishment, resource allocation, and property rights transfer, and promote the supervision of coal-related fields System and governance capabilities have been improved.

  Third, we must adhere to the "two hands" of anti-corruption and promotion of development, so as to ensure the stable and healthy development of the service sector.

Coal-related corruption has a long history, many problems, prominent contradictions, and strong reactions. It is necessary not only to eliminate the malaria, comprehensively rectify and reform, and thoroughly dig out the source of corruption, but also to persist in prudent and prudent, guarding the solid industry roots, and creating a good development environment.

In the governance of the series of corruption issues of coal resources in Inner Mongolia, we insist on investigating cases and promoting reforms in the overall situation of the entire region’s undertaking development, making overall plans and promoting them as a whole, correctly grasping the dialectical relationship between protection and utilization, development and supervision, governance and development, and adhere to one hand Grasp the rectification of violations of laws and regulations, the production of legal and compliant enterprises on the one hand, the punishment of prominent coal-related corruption problems on the other, the investigation of corruption risks on the other, the "abolishment" of illegal documents, and the "establishment" of management of blank and missing items. It not only comprehensively rectifies the outstanding chaos in the coal resources field, focuses on solving various historical problems, but also improves the coal resources management system and mechanism to improve governance efficiency, effectively promote the optimization of the market development environment, and promote the high-quality development of the coal industry.

(Zhong Jiyan)