Reporter: Yu Zhanyi

  Recently, several cases of "post-90s" and even "post-95s" sudden deaths that have occurred one after another have triggered social alertness, and the resulting health topics of young people have become more and more people continue to pay attention.

  What is sudden death?

According to the definition of the World Health Organization (WHO), sudden death refers to "a patient who is normally healthy or appears to be healthy. Sudden death due to natural disease in an unexpectedly short period of time is called sudden death."

Clinically, sudden death generally refers to death that occurs suddenly, mainly because the heart suddenly stops beating.

Data map: Volunteers conduct first aid drills.

Photo by Zhang Yong issued by China News Service

  The causes of sudden death are more complicated, but most medical experts point out that most of them are related to cardiovascular disease.

Professor Zhao Dong from Beijing Anzhen Hospital of Capital Medical University and Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Vascular Diseases said that most sudden deaths are cardiogenic and are caused by existing heart diseases. The most common heart disease is acute coronary heart disease ( Such as acute myocardial infarction).

  She pointed out that coronary heart disease stems from atherosclerotic lesions in the coronary arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart itself, which will eventually lead to stenosis of the lumen, induce thrombosis, block blood vessels, and cause severe myocardial ischemia and hypoxia, which affects heart function.

Death caused by an acute attack of coronary heart disease often manifests as sudden death. The time from symptom onset to death is very short, and there is no time to get medical treatment, so most sudden deaths occur outside the hospital.

  It is precisely because of the suddenness, unexpectedness and high fatality rate of sudden death that it has also caused public anxiety.

A report issued by Dr. Dingxiang pointed out that 53% of people have been worried about sudden death, and 6% of them are often worried and even worried every day.

Unexpectedly, this report shows that older people are less worried about sudden death. The younger "post-95s" and "post-00s" have 7% and 9%, respectively, often or even daily Worried about sudden death.

It can be said that "young people also know the feeling of sorrow," and young people are suffering "health anxiety that should not be endured at this age."

  Of course, this kind of "juvenile sorrow" is not "sorry for the new words."

Sudden death is becoming more and more "younger" is a phenomenon that cannot be ignored.

According to official statistics, there are about 600,000 sudden deaths in China every year, of which 43% are under the age of 40, and about 70% are sudden cardiac deaths.

Data map: A student learns cardiopulmonary resuscitation with the help of volunteers.

Photo by Dong Xiaobin

  But for the sudden death of young people, Zhao Dong believes that there is no need to panic and worry too much.

She believes that the sudden death of young people may also be caused by congenital or hereditary heart disease or acute myocardial inflammation.

Zhao Dong also reminded that young people with a history of sudden death or heart disease among their relatives should pay more attention to their heart health, pay attention to physical examinations, and find problems early.

  "A few viral infectious diseases can also damage the heart and cause sudden death in severe cases." Zhao Dong said that the most common viral infection is a cold (respiratory tract infection). When a cold has a fever, you must pay attention to rest and seek medical attention if necessary.

  Of course, high-intensity work, faster and faster pace of life, irregular work and rest, and unhealthy diet... are also many inducements that cause "sudden death" to frequently target young people.

  In particular, excessive fatigue caused by high-intensity work and long-term lack of sleep will increase sudden death due to cardiovascular disease.

The survey shows that chronic fatigue stress is not only the cause of early onset of coronary heart disease in young and middle-aged people, but also an important cause of sudden cardiac death in young and middle-aged patients with coronary heart disease. It accounts for 65% to 80% of cases of sudden cardiac death.

Data map: Employees of a company are working.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Hou Yu

  How should young people prevent sudden death? From a medical point of view, Zhao Dong believes that prevention of coronary heart disease is the most important strategy to prevent sudden death.

She uses seven simple elements to summarize: Practice 3 healthy lifestyles: a reasonable diet, regular exercise, not smoking (including avoiding second-hand smoke), maintaining blood pressure, blood low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood sugar, body mass index 4 indicators Reasonable range.

  "If these seven indicators can reach the standard, coronary heart disease and sudden death can be prevented to the greatest extent." Zhao Dong pointed out that high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, smoking and diabetes, these risk factors for coronary heart disease are already very common in young people. .

Bad lifestyles such as lack of exercise, unbalanced diet, frequent staying up late, and irregular life not only increase the level of these risk factors in young people, but are also directly related to the risk of coronary heart disease and sudden death.

Data map photo by Chen Chao

  Yang Fei, an associate professor at the Institute of Social Law of the School of Civil, Commercial, Economic and Law, China University of Political Science and Law, pointed out from the perspective of labor security that it is also necessary to reduce the burden of young people through preventive protection in advance.

He believes that the precautionary protection is currently mainly related to the implementation of the current labor law on working hours and rest and vacation regulations.

  He pointed out that laws including the Civil Code and Labor Law should be strengthened to better protect the life and health rights of workers. On the other hand, considering that the current labor laws on working hours and rest and vacation regulations are not complete, such as standard working hours Too simple, too strict special working hours control, overtime working hours regulations are too rigid, etc., it is recommended to speed up the formulation of the Labor Standards Law, and use a hard system to protect the health of workers.

  Yang Fei also suggested that we should pay attention to combining modern technology and require employers to use technical means to control working hours and work intensity.

Practitioners' working hours and work intensity can be controlled by setting the upper limit of working hours, compulsory offline entry into break time, etc.