16 major accidents across the country in 2020, 16 Hushan gold mine explosion accidents again sound the alarm
16 major accidents across the country in 2020, 16 Hushan gold mine explosion accidents again sound the alarm
Tighten the string of responsibility for safe production
Tighten the string of responsibility for safe production
At 2 pm on January 10, an explosion occurred at the Wushan Gold Mine of Shandong Wucailong Investment Co., Ltd. in Qixia City, Yantai City, Shandong Province, causing 22 workers to be trapped underground.
Up to now, on-site rescue is still in emergency.
On the morning of January 13, the Office of the State Council’s Security Committee and the Emergency Management Department held a national video conference to urge all parties to strengthen the implementation of safety production responsibilities, to do a good job in the investigation and management of hidden dangers and safety supervision and law enforcement to effectively prevent and resolve safety risks.
In the field of production safety, serious and serious accidents occur from time to time, endangering the life, health and property safety of the public.
Entering a new stage of development, how to coordinate development and safety, and comprehensively improve the ability to prevent and resolve major safety risks?
Enterprises are 30 hours late in reporting accidents, and rescue is facing greater difficulty
According to the situation notice issued by Yantai City, the explosion in the Hushan Gold Mine occurred at 14:00 on January 10, but it was not until 20:5 on the 11th that the enterprises involved reported the situation to the Qixia Emergency Management Bureau.
According to the national "Production Safety Accident Reporting, Investigation and Handling Regulations", accident reports should be timely, accurate, and complete. No unit or individual shall delay, omit, falsely report or conceal the accident.
After the accident, the relevant personnel at the accident site should immediately report to the person in charge of the unit; the person in charge of the unit should report to the safety production supervision and management department of the people's government at or above the county level in the place where the accident occurred and the responsible person in charge of production safety within one hour after receiving the report. Responsible department reports.
After the accident, the company involved organized a rescue effort. Due to underestimation of the rescue difficulty, it did not report the situation to the Qixia Emergency Management Bureau until 30 hours later, and there was a problem of late reporting.
At present, the responsible person of the accident responsible unit has been controlled.
The reporter learned that the explosion occurred in the "first middle section" at a depth of 240 meters from the wellhead.
At the time of the incident, there were no operators here. The 22 trapped people were mainly distributed in the "sixth middle section" 698 meters away from the wellhead and the "fifth middle section" 648 meters away from the wellhead. There were 13 and 9 operators respectively.
The head of the technical expert team of the accident rescue command and the safety director of Shandong Gold Group Co., Ltd., Xiu Guolin, said that this is a mine under construction, and the underground space is relatively narrow, and the explosion destroyed the workers’ escape channels and communication systems, and burned the underground. The oxygen in the space releases toxic gases, making rescue difficult.
It is understood that after receiving the accident report, the emergency management team rushed to the scene to guide the disposal, mobilized mine rescue experts and mine rescue teams to bring professional equipment to the scene to participate in the rescue.
The Shandong Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government established the integrated headquarters of provinces, cities and counties to organize and mobilize surrounding professional rescue teams and various mechanical equipment.
At present, 10 rescue teams with 350 people and more than 70 sets of mechanical equipment have been mobilized to carry out on-site rescue work, and various rescue work is being carried out in an intense and orderly manner.
As of 17:00 on January 13, the obstacles in the return air shaft were cleared to 310 meters from the ground, and the No. 2 drill hole in the rescue drill hole had a cumulative footage of 420 meters.
The safety production situation in most areas of the country continues to improve, and the problems of violations of laws and regulations in coal and non-coal mines are prominent
"Coordinate development and security, accelerate the construction of a modern economic system", "Put security development throughout all fields and the entire process of national development, prevent and resolve various risks that affect my country's modernization process, and build a national security barrier"... At the Fifth Plenary Session of the Ninth Central Committee, "development and security" was mentioned many times.
The Central Economic Work Conference pointed out that it is necessary to grasp the two major issues of development and safety, effectively prevent and resolve various economic and social risks, attach great importance to safety in production and disaster prevention and reduction, and resolutely prevent the occurrence of major accidents.
A few days ago, the official website of the Ministry of Emergency Management announced the “Top Ten Typical Cases of National Emergency Rescue and Production Safety Accidents in 2020” to alert the importance of production safety.
The reporter learned from the Discipline Inspection and Supervision Team of the State Supervision Commission of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the Ministry of Emergency Management that in 2020, the safety production situation in most parts of the country will continue to improve, and the number of various production safety accidents and deaths will decrease by 15.5% and 8.3% respectively. For the first time since the founding of the People’s Republic of China, there have been no major accidents. For the first time, there have been no major accidents in key industries such as chemical industry, fireworks, non-coal mines, industry and commerce.
At the same time, we must also note that there were 16 major accidents last year, involving construction, transportation, coal mines, fires and other different types. The number of accidents remained the same as in 2019, and the death toll increased by 18%.
"This reflects that the current safety production has entered a plateau and bottleneck period, and the safety level of the enterprise itself and the level of departmental supervision and supervision are in urgent need of breakthrough and improvement." The relevant person in charge of the Discipline Inspection and Supervision Group of the Ministry of Emergency Management told reporters.
In the field of transportation, major accidents of road transportation and water transportation (including fishing vessels) rebounded significantly, with a total of 10 major accidents, an increase of 8 from the same period last year.
On June 13, 2020, a major explosion of a liquefied petroleum gas tanker truck occurred in the Wenling section of the Shenhai Expressway in Wenling City, Taizhou City, Zhejiang Province, causing 20 deaths, 175 injuries and direct economic losses of more than 94.7 million yuan; September On the 18th, a major water traffic accident involving a collision between a merchant ship and a fishing boat occurred in the Laotieshan waterway of the Bohai Strait, causing the fishing boat to sink, all 10 crew members were missing, and the direct economic loss was about 3 million yuan.
The problems of violations of laws and regulations in coal mines and non-coal mines are prominent, mainly manifested in the problems of illegal contracting and contract management.
For example, the Lijiagou Coal Mine of Shaanxi Baiji Mining Company illegally contracted the daily production, operation, maintenance and management of all systems from the underground coal mining face to the ground coal bunker to other companies.
Inner Mongolia Yinman Mining Co., Ltd. treats contractors as escrow and ignores them, and does not check or stop the hidden dangers of long-term major accidents of contractors, and the main safety responsibility has been suspended for a long time.
The supervision responsibility of relevant departments is not in place, and enterprises emphasize production and ignore safety
"Preventing major accidents, mine safety is still the top priority." The relevant person in charge of the Disciplinary Inspection and Supervision Group of the Ministry of Emergency Management said that in the recent period, there have been many major accidents in coal mines and non-coal mines. Illegal mining of security pillars, illegal subcontracting and subcontracting, and resumption of production without approval are more serious violations of laws and regulations. Non-coal mines have "one certificate for multiple mining", multi-mine underground interconnection, contract management and tailings pond Problems such as unauthorized heightening of the dam are prominent.
The reasons for this are that, on the one hand, some regional departments and enterprises equated the three-year national work safety campaign with general safety inspections, failed to truly investigate and analyze systemic and deep-seated problems, and failed to formulate fundamental institutional measures.
On the other hand, the implementation of the main responsibility of enterprises is not in place, the concept of safety development is not firmly established, the emphasis is on production and safety is lacking, and there is a lack of endogenous motivation. Some state-owned enterprises have multiple levels of management, and the implementation of responsibilities is decreasing. Zhang Pi".
In addition, some regulatory and supervisory departments have overlapping responsibilities and prevarication. Law enforcement emphasizes quantity and quality, and there are problems that they dare not investigate, do not want to do so, and will not do so.
Some supervision and supervision departments still have a big gap in the implementation of higher-level work arrangements, there are blind spots in supervision, and insufficient attention is paid to closure of mines, technological transformation of mines, and infrastructure construction.
Last year, the "11·29" coal mine flooding in Leiyang, Hunan and the fire accident of the "12·4" coal mine in Yongchuan, Chongqing all occurred in shutdown mines. This time the Shandong gold mine accident occurred in an infrastructure mine, indicating that the effectiveness of supervision and supervision needs to be improved.
After the “September 27” major fire accident in Chongqing Songzao Coal Mine in 2020, a major “12·4” accident occurred in Diaoshuidong Coal Mine less than three months later; extreme weather caused a double-circuit power outage in the coal mine and a large number of people stranded underground Less than three months after the dangerous situation, similar dangerous situations occurred again in some coal mines in Jilin; Leiyang City, Hunan Province experienced continuous flooding accidents in 2011 and 2012, and another major flooding accident in 2020... "The three accidents were exactly the same, showing that the lessons of the accidents were not profound. "The person concerned said.
According to a report from the Ministry of Emergency Management, some companies have repeatedly violated laws and regulations in the coal mines that have occurred since 2020. They have been perfunctory rectification even under the circumstances of repeated enforcement and supervision by the supervision and supervision department, and even resorted to fraud.
Mine accidents are often major events.
The current mine safety foundation is generally weak. Affected by changes in the epidemic, international trade frictions, industry characteristics, and extreme weather, there may be abnormal fluctuations in the mineral product market in individual regions and time periods. Enterprises start and stop, resulting in unbalanced production and increased accident risks .
In particular, the recent partial tightening of coal supply and demand has increased the pressure on coal production capacity to release, and the prices of various mineral products and other raw materials have also continued to rise. This has stimulated some mining companies to super-capacity and super-intensified production. Safety production brings greater pressure.
In addition, during the reform of the mining organization, some departments may experience ideological fluctuations, unstable teams, weakened work, and insufficient experience and ability to monitor non-coal mines.
Therefore, we must always maintain a high degree of vigilance for mine safety, and we must not be lax or sloppy.
Establish the concept of safe development and make up for the shortcomings of systematic safety production
In recent years, the national safety production situation has maintained a stable and positive trend, but the overall situation is still in a period of escalation, and new situations and risks continue to emerge.
At present, in the face of the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the national economy continues to recover steadily, and the production and operation of some industries is in the peak season. The more this time, the more we must establish the concept of safe development and implement safety responsibilities to all links and positions.
"In the past, we mainly emphasized that'safe development' is a'red line' and'high-voltage line' for safe production. In the future, safe production will become a'main line' and'bottom line' for the overall development of the country." National Development and Strategy of Renmin University of China Said Wang Hongwei, a researcher of the Institute and an associate professor of the School of Public Administration.
To coordinate development and safety, it is necessary to increase the awareness of danger and be prepared for danger in times of peace.
The "14th Five-Year Plan" proposes to "protect people's lives and safety", while emphasizing "improving and implementing the safety production responsibility system, strengthening safety production supervision and law enforcement, and effectively curbing major safety accidents such as hazardous chemicals, mining, construction, and transportation. "In the opinion of Zhang Xingkai, Dean of the Chinese Academy of Work Safety Science, complementing the shortcomings of systematic work safety is not only an important work safety during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, but also a foundation for building a new development pattern for the 2035 vision. jobs.
Fan Weicheng, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and dean of the Public Safety Research Institute of Tsinghua University, believes that to promote the idea of life supremacy and firmly establish the concept of safe development, it is necessary to use technological innovation to provide support and guarantee for safe production.
At present, many places play the role of technological innovation in disaster prevention, mitigation and relief, safety production, emergency rescue and other industries. For example, using big data to analyze the electricity consumption and personnel activities of shutting down enterprises, and using satellite monitoring technology to strengthen open-pit mines, Early identification of risks such as tailings ponds, etc., through the transformation from "human defense" to "technical defense", to build a "protective wall" to eliminate potential safety hazards.
"It is the end of the year and the New Year. It has always been a time when safety accidents are prone to frequent occurrences. We must deeply learn from accidents and learn from one another to do a good job in safety precautions in all industries." Strengthen supervision on safety, transportation safety, winter and spring fire prevention and control.
Implement the legal system for investigation, investigation and investigation of accountability for responsible accidents, and tighten the responsibility for safe production
To prevent and contain all kinds of safety accidents, party committees and governments at all levels must firmly establish the concept of safe development, improve and implement the responsibility system for safe production, and earnestly achieve the same responsibility of the party and government, double responsibility for one post, joint management, and accountability for negligence , To implement the direct supervision of industry authorities, comprehensive supervision of safety supervision departments, and local governments' territorial supervision responsibilities.
Since the establishment of the State Supervision Commission, it has successively carried out accountability and accountability reviews for many accidents such as the "3·21" particularly major explosion accident of Jiangsu Xiangshui Tianjiayi Company, and the "9·28" particularly major road traffic accident of Wuxi, Jiangsu Changshen Expressway. Investigation work has accumulated effective experience and practices.
At the same time, after the reform of the discipline inspection and supervision system, various localities have carried out production safety responsibility accident accountability review and investigation methods. In some places, there are still problems such as unclear responsibilities and poor coordination between internal and external, which need to be unified and standardized.
To this end, the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection recently issued the "Regulations of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection and the State Supervision Commission on the Investigation and Investigation of Accountability for Specially Major Production Safety Responsibility Accidents (for Trial Implementation)". The Central Commission for Discipline Inspection, the Central Propaganda Department and the General Office of the Emergency Management Department The "Opinions on Strengthening Cooperation and Cooperation in the Investigation and Investigation of the Accountability of Specially Major Production Safety Responsibility Accidents (Trial)", which clarified the work responsibilities, procedures and related requirements for the investigation and investigation of the accountability of production safety liability accidents, Established a working mechanism for relevant departments to perform their responsibilities and cooperate with each other.
"The establishment of a legal system for the investigation and investigation of accountability for liability accidents is conducive to promoting the effective implementation of safety production responsibilities with serious accountability, urging party members, cadres and public officials to be responsible for their duties, and firmly tightening the string of safety management." The relevant person in charge of the Party Work Style and Political Style Supervision Office of the State Supervision Commission of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection said.
In response to the current safety situation, the Discipline Inspection and Supervision Team of the Ministry of Emergency Management urged the Party Committee of the Ministry of Emergency Management and the Party Group of the National Mine Safety Supervision Bureau to further strengthen risk awareness, adhere to the bottom-line thinking, and tighten the safety production responsibilities of local governments to improve the intrinsic safety of enterprises. Resolutely curb the occurrence of major accidents and create a good safety environment for a good start of the "14th Five-Year Plan".
On the one hand, the emergency management department is urged to promote the local level to formulate a list of work safety responsibilities and annual work lists for party and government leading cadres, incorporate production safety into the high-quality development evaluation system, and regularly report and promptly remind the performance of duties. Conduct interviews; establish a linkage working mechanism for areas and links with overlapping responsibilities and close connections to prevent blind spots in supervision before and after the event, and strictly implement supervision during and after the event.
On the other hand, we should pay close attention to formalism and bureaucratic issues in the implementation of work, and focus on supervision and accountability of party members and leading cadres who "dare not to take up" major tests such as accident prevention and emergency rescue.
(Reporter Yang Wenjia Hou Ke)