The vicissitudes of the ocean show their true colors-the enlightenment of China's economic bright answer in 2020

  Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, December 24 -

Title: Stormy remarkable qualities - - Inspiration Chinese economy respondents dazzling 2020

  Xinhua News Agency reporters Yu Jiaxin, Liu Hongxia, Zou Duowei, Du Jing

  2020 is extremely extraordinary, a word "extreme" expresses the hardships and obstacles, and also contains the rare achievements of extraordinary achievements——

  The unprecedented outbreak of new crown pneumonia suddenly broke out, and the world economy fell into the worst recession since the end of World War II. Some countries have fully escalated their containment and suppression... This year, China’s economy faced unprecedented "triple shocks".

  The sea is flowing, and the hero is true.

In the face of unprecedented shocks, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core takes over the overall situation, leads the direction, and steers the "China" economic giant ship through the waves.

  Take the lead in controlling the epidemic, resuming work and production, taking the lead in realizing economic growth from negative to positive, and becoming the only major economy in the world to achieve positive economic growth... China has delivered a response that can be recorded in the annals of history.

Infinite scenery in the dangerous peak-China's answer to the world's attention

  "China just showed how much the world needs it"-A few days ago, the Bloomberg News website of the United States published an article that said China's brilliant economic performance was impressive.

  What the article mentioned is the latest data released by the National Bureau of Statistics of China: in the first 11 months, private investment increased by 0.2%, and in the first 10 months, the total profit of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 0.7%, and the total profit of industrial enterprises above designated size increased by 0.7%. Revenue increased by 0.3%...

  Following the positive growth of major economic indicators such as GDP, investment, foreign trade, and consumption, new data have been added one after another, confirming that China’s economic recovery has a stronger foundation and greater confidence.

Some foreign media commented: China's economy continues to recover, which is a gift to the world economy.

  More and more indicators are "turning positive", which is a microcosm of the dazzling response of China's economy in a special year——

  The economy is improving quarter by quarter, and the total annual economic volume will exceed 100 trillion yuan, becoming the only major economy in the world to achieve positive economic growth; fulfilling its promises and achieving the goal of poverty alleviation as scheduled; ensuring people's livelihood and creating more than 11 million new jobs in urban areas; Deepening reform and opening up, the construction of Hainan Free Trade Port set sail, and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (RCEP) was successfully signed...

  How precious is this Chinese answer sheet?

  To understand it, we must first recognize, on the scale of human history, what kind of a new crown pneumonia epidemic has existed?

  Su Shimin, co-founder and chairman of the American Blackstone Group, said that he had personally experienced 7 large-scale market declines or recessions.

"Unlike other times, the economic crisis caused by the impact of this epidemic is a crisis that is rare in a century."

  In the past hundred years, the world has experienced several major economic and financial crises.

Looking far ahead, there is the Great Depression of 1929, and looking closer, there is the Asian financial crisis of 1997 and the international financial crisis of 2008... But in terms of impact, it is difficult to compare with this epidemic.

  "The epidemic will cause the most serious economic crisis since the 1930s." Martin Wolf, deputy editor and chief economic commentator of the Financial Times, told Xinhua News Agency reporters, "The longer the epidemic lasts, the longer the lockdown will last, and the economy The deeper the decline, the more difficult it is to recover."

  Recalling such scenes, there is still a lingering fear: flights are grounded, shopping malls are closed, companies are closed, hospitals are saturated, and cross-border movement of people is interrupted...

  In less than two weeks, U.S. stocks melted four times, and panic spread; international oil prices plummeted, financial markets fluctuated sharply; a large number of companies' supply chains were interrupted and they were forced to suspend production...

  Under the epidemic, global mobility press the "pause button."

A historical crisis sweeping the world has affected almost all industries and everyone.

  Compared with the past, why is the impact of this epidemic so deep?

  The shock to the global economy this year is different from the Great Depression of 1929 and the impact of the spread of the international financial crisis in 2008. Instead, it faces the dual shock of supply interruption and shrinking demand, and the difficulties are unprecedented.

——The Central Economic Work Conference held a few days ago analyzed and pointed out this way.

  Several interviewed experts said that from the demand side, the blockade and social distancing measures adopted to prevent and control the epidemic have led to a sharp drop in economic activities, and the three major demands of consumption, investment, and exports have all been severely impacted.

From the supply side, the epidemic prevention and control has greatly restricted the flow of people and caused a direct impact on related international trade and investment, and the global industrial chain has fallen into a "broken chain" crisis.

  Compared to the past, how severe is the impact of this epidemic?

  According to data released by the United Nations, from 2020 to 2021, the cumulative loss of global economic output will reach US$8.5 trillion, almost erasing all the growth of the past four years.

The World Economic Outlook Report issued by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) predicts that the global economy will shrink by 4.4% in 2020.

  Global trade and investment have shrunk sharply.

The World Trade Organization predicts that global trade in goods will fall by 9.2% in 2020, which may exceed the decline after the 2008 global financial crisis; the Global Investment Trends Monitoring Report released by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development shows that global foreign direct Investment fell 49% year-on-year, the lowest in the past 20 years...

  In 2020, the U.S. economy will decline by 4.3%, the Eurozone economy will decline by 8.3%, and the Indian economy will decline by 10.3%... The IMF has made a series of pessimistic forecasts.

  Know pine and cypresses in the cold year, and strong grass in the wind.

In the cold, China's economy has injected hard-earned warmth into the world economy.

  On December 23, the World Bank released the latest China Economic Bulletin, stating that China is recovering at a "faster-than-expected" rate and is expected to grow by 2% this year.

According to a report released by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), China's contribution to global economic growth will exceed one third.

This means that after the impact of the epidemic, the weight of China's economy to the world has not decreased but increased!

  Looking back on the course of China’s economic development, from the flood fighting in 1998 to the SARS war in 2003, to the Wenchuan earthquake relief in 2008, from the Asian financial crisis in 1997 to the international financial crisis in 2008, and the experience in recent years U.S. economic and trade frictions...Whether it is a natural disaster or an economic crisis, after experiencing the baptism of heavy winds and rains, the Chinese economy has become more difficult and forward, and its development has become more resilient.

  Since the outbreak of the epidemic, China has actively provided anti-epidemic materials to the world. There are more than 200 billion masks alone, 30 per capita in the world; it has gone all out to promote the research and development of the new crown vaccine and make China's contribution to promoting the vaccine to become a global public product; China is unswerving Take practical actions to maintain the stability of the global industrial chain supply chain, and support other countries to stabilize the market...

  "China's coordinated promotion of epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development has set an example for the world and demonstrated its responsibility as a responsible power." said Chen Fengying, a researcher at the China Institute of Modern International Relations.

Will be a water hit for three thousand miles-scientific response highlights the "rule of China"

  December 21st, the winter solstice.

  At Beijing Daxing International Airport, a passenger plane slowly pulled out of the parking stand, slipped into the runway, accelerated, jumped up in the cold wind...

  Almost at the same time, there was also a "bright spot" in the "air flight track" chart in the duty room of the Air Traffic Control Bureau of the Civil Aviation Administration.

  Recalling the struggle against the "epidemic", on February 18, China's civil aviation encountered the darkest day: there were only 3734 "bright spots" throughout the day.

As of October 1, the cumulative number of "highlights" that appeared on that day had reached 15,144, which was four times as many as on February 18.

  The trajectory map is "bright or not", which directly reflects China's "busy or not".

The countless changes in the small trajectory contain the logic of China's national defense to control the epidemic and promote economic and social development.

  This is a Chinese practice that highlights the supremacy of the people——

  In the face of the epidemic, all countries are faced with an unavoidable dilemma: how to balance epidemic prevention and control with economic development?

  This test question is really not easy.

As far as China is concerned, just one more day delay in resuming work after the Spring Festival will reduce the country's GDP by about 150 billion yuan!

Especially in the final year of decisive victory in building a moderately prosperous society in an all-round way and decisive battle against poverty, development tasks are more important than ever.

  Without fear or hesitation, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core has "put people's life safety and health first" from the beginning, and the concept of people first and life first is shining brightly.

  Concentrating patients, experts, resources, and treatment... With united efforts and nationwide assistance, every life from centenarians to newborn babies is cherished in this magnificent and arduous battle to prevent and control the epidemic.

  In contrast, some Western countries that claim to be "human rights beacons" have repeatedly been slow to protect the people, and even before the question of "Can you get tested for the new crown virus quickly if you have money and rights?" This is the answer to life".

  "To save the economy, first save the people"-the US think tank Institute of New Economic Thinking recently published an article on this topic, which analyzes why the West has failed in response to the epidemic.

  This is a Chinese action that highlights scientific decision-making——

  "I have a meltblown cloth, who has a mask machine?" Remember, when the epidemic was severe, my country's mask production quickly increased from 8 million per day to over 100 million per day, and a series of epidemic prevention materials ran out of the "first bar" of recovery. .

  From giving priority to the production of anti-epidemic materials, to the gradual resumption of work and production in various industries; from providing policy "timely rain" for small, medium and micro enterprises to gradually gaining popularity in restaurants and cinemas... my country has successfully embarked on an orderly recovery, sustained recovery, and green recovery. road.

  In the face of major challenges, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core has led the people to face difficulties and forge ahead with superb judgment, decisive decision-making power, and firm action.

  Create a new fiscal deficit of 1 trillion yuan, issue 1 trillion yuan of anti-epidemic special treasury bonds, increase tax cuts and fee cuts of 2.5 trillion yuan throughout the year, and promote a reasonable profit transfer of 1.5 trillion yuan in the financial system... China's hedging policy package is unprecedented. .

  Different from some developed economies pushing for quantitative easing, or even "overflowing" with "unlimited" quantitative easing policies, China has always emphasized proactive fiscal policies and prudent monetary policies, and grasped the timeliness and effectiveness of macroeconomic policies; Do a good job in the "six stability" work, fully implement the "six guarantees" task, and better coordinate epidemic prevention and control and economic and social development.

  "We are not radical, but this does not mean that we do not act or act slowly or do less." Zhang Yansheng, chief researcher of the China International Economic Exchange Center, said that the issuance of anti-epidemic special treasury bonds will increase the size of the fiscal deficit and establish a special transfer payment mechanism for funding. Directly reaching the grassroots, benefiting the enterprise and the people, we have made many pioneering and proven policy innovations.

  "The V-shaped rebound of the Chinese economy is not an accident, let alone luck. It embodies the arduous struggle of all the Chinese people, Chinese enterprises and government departments." Hans Paul, Global Chairman of Boston Consulting Group, who has been following China's economic and social development for more than 50 years In an interview with reporters, Bokner commented on China's economic "rising against the trend."

  This is China's responsibility to actively expand opening up and promote the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind.

  899.38 billion yuan-this is the data of my country's actual use of foreign capital in the first 11 months.

Compared with the same period last year, it increased by 6.3%, achieving year-on-year growth for eight consecutive months.

  29.04 trillion yuan-this is the total value of my country's foreign trade import and export in the same period, an increase of 1.8% year-on-year, and the growth rate has accelerated further.

  Foreign trade is an important window to observe whether an economy is open or not.

Under the impact of the global epidemic, some countries are addicted to protectionism, unilateralism, and bullying, but China embraces the world with an open mind.

The result of the "double harvest" in foreign trade is a powerful illustration.

  Under the premise of ensuring the safety of epidemic prevention, the Service Trade Fair, the Canton Fair and the International Import Expo were all held as scheduled, and the three major international exhibitions were held for the first time, setting up a bridge for expanding foreign cooperation and releasing signals for the pursuit of higher levels of opening up.

  Accumulatively, 201 cooperation documents on the joint construction of the “Belt and Road” have been signed with 138 countries and 31 international organizations. The pilot free trade zone continues to expand, and the negative list for foreign investment access is getting shorter and shorter... In the face of headwinds and waters, take Comrade Xi Jinping as an example The core Party Central Committee bravely opened the sailboat, always stood on the right side of history, and unswervingly expanded its opening up.

A blueprint to the end-the mainstay midstream guides the future course

  "China has done it again: out of a new round of world crisis, and, in terms of its role in the global economy, China has become stronger than before."

  The RIA Novosti website said in a commentator article entitled "China Conquering the Global Crisis Again" published earlier.

  What is the password behind the stronger?

  "The advantages of the system under the leadership of the Communist Party of China"-looking at foreign media's observation articles on China, such analyses abound.

  Just in December, two major events separated by half a month are still fresh in the memory-

  "After 8 years of continuous struggle, we have completed the key tasks of poverty alleviation in the new era as scheduled. Under the current standards, all rural poor people have been lifted out of poverty, and all poor counties have been removed. Absolute poverty and regional overall poverty have been eliminated, and nearly 100 million poor people have been lifted out of poverty. , Has achieved a major victory that is impressive to the world.” On December 3, at the meeting of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee, General Secretary Xi Jinping solemnly announced.

  "This is another major achievement made by leveraging the advantages of the new nationwide system to overcome difficulties." On December 17th, during the Central Economic Work Conference, General Secretary Xi Jinping made a special call on behalf of the Party Central Committee, the State Council and the Central Military Commission to congratulate the Moon Exploration Project Chang'e No. 5. The mission was a complete success.

  Seemingly unrelated, they have one thing in common behind them——

  In this extraordinary year, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core, we have given full play to the institutional advantages of concentrating our forces on major tasks, and we have continuously made new breakthroughs in tackling difficulties.

  "The strategic, overall, forward-looking and ability to mobilize national resources of this system is unmatched by other systems." said Martin Jacques, a senior researcher at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom.

  What is remarkable is that the Central Economic Work Conference emphasized that in the practice of coordinating the overall domestic and international situations, coordinating epidemic prevention and control, and economic and social development, we have deepened our understanding of the regularity of doing economic work under severe challenges:

  ——The authority of the Party Central Committee is the fundamental support of the whole party and the people of all ethnic groups in the country in times of crisis;

  ——The supremacy of the people is the fundamental prerequisite for making correct choices;

  ——System advantage is the fundamental guarantee for the formation of the strength to overcome the majestic difficulties;

  ——Scientific decision-making and creative response are the fundamental methods to turn crises into opportunities;

  -Technology independence and self-reliance is the fundamental support for promoting the overall situation of development.

  "These'five fundamentals' are laws and experiences. They are our fundamental principles for coordinating economic and social development and moving from victory to victory." The comrades participating in the Central Economic Work Conference generally believed that this is the Chinese characteristic of Xi Jinping's new era. A high-level summary of the latest achievements of socialist economic thought.

  Among the "five fundamentals," "the authority of the Party Central Committee is the fundamental support for the entire party and the people of all ethnic groups to rise to difficulties in times of crisis" is the command and the key.

  At this moment, China is at the intersection of history: the "14th Five-Year Plan" is about to begin, the new journey of comprehensively building a socialist modern country will begin immediately, and the clarion call for marching towards the second centenary goal has been sounded!

  Embarking on a new journey, we have the confidence and strength to deal with challenges and risks, as well as the tenacity and aggressiveness to carry out a blueprint——

  With a huge market of 1.4 billion people, more than 400 million middle-income groups, there is the world’s largest and most potential consumer market...From the National Day "Golden Week" to the "Double 11" shopping season, China has shown a huge consumption scale and strength. Let the world admire it.

  Strengthen the national strategic scientific and technological strength, enhance the independent controllability of the industrial chain supply chain, adhere to the strategic basis of expanding domestic demand, and adhere to the expansion of opening up, while emphasizing the two major issues of development and security...

  Adhering to the problem and goal orientation, the Central Economic Work Conference put forward the overall requirements for next year’s economic work, clarified the policy orientation, and deployed 8 key tasks to carefully plan for the beginning of next year to ensure the construction of a new development pattern. "Take a good first step, see new ambience".

  The intersection of history is also a new starting point in history.

  In a few days, 2021 is coming.

As the old and the new alternate, we have another set of exciting news——

  After Chang'e 5 returned to Earth with lunar samples, the Long March 8 "one arrow and five stars" rose into the air; the Beijing-Xiong Intercity Railway is about to open, and the Xiongan New District under construction is showing a brand new look...

  Embarking on a new journey, China is striding forward for a better tomorrow!