Use the law as a shield to guard the "loveliest person"

-Interview with Hao Wanlu, a member of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and a professor at the Joint Service College of National Defense University

  Taking off the military uniform, he is still the cutest person.

Retired soldiers are the main force in combat effectiveness construction when they are in the army, and when they return to the local area, they are the new force in national construction.

On November 11, the 23rd meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People’s Congress reviewed and approved the "Veterans Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China" (hereinafter referred to as the Veterans Protection Law), and President Xi Jinping signed a presidential decree for promulgation. From 2021 It will come into effect on January 1,

  As my country’s first special law on veterans, the Veterans Protection Law implements the major decisions and reform requirements of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at the core on the work of veterans, and insists on serving economic and social development, national defense and army building. Provide legal protection for the work of veterans, more effectively protect the legal rights and interests of veterans, and make soldiers a profession respected by the whole society.

In order to fully understand the significance of the promulgation and implementation of the Veterans Protection Law, and to encourage officers and soldiers and veterans to take the lead in promoting the fine traditions of the People’s Army, and exemplarily abide by the Constitution, laws and regulations, the reporter interviewed members of the 13th National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference and professors of the Joint Service College of National Defense University Hao Wanlu.


Caring for and safeguarding legitimate rights and interests in accordance with the law

  Reporter: On November 11, at the 23rd meeting of the Standing Committee of the 13th National People's Congress, the Law on the Protection of Veterans was reviewed and passed, and President Xi signed the Chairman's Order to promulgate it.

Could you please talk about the legislative background of this law?

  Hao Wanlu: Retired soldiers have made important contributions to national defense and army building. They are an important force in socialist modernization and a valuable asset of the party and the country.

The Party Central Committee, the Central Military Commission, and Chairman Xi have always cared about and cared for veterans and adopted a series of practical and powerful measures, including the establishment of the Veterans Affairs Department, strengthening the construction of the service and guarantee system for veterans, introducing preferential policies for the placement of veterans, and optimizing the employment of veterans. Entrepreneurship environment, etc., the work of veterans has continuously achieved new breakthroughs and achieved new results.

  With the rapid economic and social development and the deepening of the reform of national defense and the military, the support work for veterans is facing many new situations, new tasks and new changes.

First, since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Chairman Xi has made a series of major decisions and deployments regarding the protection of veterans.

President Xi emphasized, “We must do a good job in the management and support of veterans. The guarantees must be well protected, and the policies that must be implemented must not let the heroes shed blood and tears." These major decisions and important instructions are important to the veterans in the new era. The guarantee work has pointed out new directions and put forward new requirements.

Second, before the establishment of the Ministry of National Veterans Affairs, the security work for retired soldiers was carried out by different departments in accordance with the division of responsibilities. The relevant policies and regulations were not systematic enough, and the overall function was insufficient. Objectively, it was necessary to integrate and improve, and formulate a "law governing general affairs."

The third is that the problems that are generally reflected in the protection of veterans need to be solved through legislation to achieve results.

I understand that it is against this background that the Ministry of Veterans Affairs has initiated the formulation of the Veterans Protection Law at the beginning of its establishment, so as to care for and protect the legitimate rights and interests of retired soldiers in accordance with the law.

  Reporter: Against this background, would you please talk about the significance of the promulgation of the Veterans Protection Law?

  Hao Wanlu: This is a milestone in the history of the development of my country's veteran support work.

I think the promulgation of this law is of great significance and far-reaching impact.

The first is to implement important measures taken by the Party Central Committee and Chairman Xi to make decisions and arrangements.

The formulation of this law is guided by Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, thoroughly implements Xi Jinping Thought on Strengthening the Army and the Party Central Committee’s decisions and deployments, and demonstrates the spirit and value orientation of veterans who sacrifice and contribute to the country and the people. It is the legislative purpose to make military personnel a profession respected by the whole society. From the national legislative level, it is necessary to clarify the main body, content, and mechanism of job security for veterans.

At the macro level, the overall design and principled regulation of service guarantees such as the transfer and reception of retired military personnel, retired placement, education and training, employment and entrepreneurship, pensions and preferential treatment, and praise and incentives are carried out.

Restructure and reshape the main body of responsibility, operating mechanism, service system, and funding guarantee measures, and gradually form a new pattern of veteran support work led by government agencies, supported by the service system, and participated by social forces.

The second is an important guarantee for safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of veterans.

Pass legislation to clarify the basic principles and basic systems for safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of veterans, and provide legal protection for the legal rights of veterans; the experience and practices of retired placement, praise and incentives, etc., which have been explored in the protection of veterans, have been upgraded to legal norms ; Focusing on the general concerns of veterans and the strong reflections of handover and acceptance, decommissioning placement, education and training, employment and entrepreneurship, pensions and preferential treatment, clarify basic policies and regulations, related supporting measures and reform trends, and respond to the expectations and concerns of the majority of veterans. Enhance the sense of acquisition, happiness, and honor of veterans.

The third is an important basis for building a legal system for the protection of veterans.

Under the guidance of the Veterans Protection Law, we will improve and improve the management system and mechanism of veterans affairs, the transfer and placement system, the training and employment system, the treatment guarantee system, the pension and preferential treatment system and other regulations and policies, which are conducive to the gradual construction of a "high-level connection, clear hierarchy, and comprehensive coverage" "The veterans’ protection legal system provides support for the further improvement of the socialist legal system with Chinese characteristics.

wind vane

The greater the service contribution, the better the service guarantee

  Reporter: This law clarifies that "the political and life benefits of veterans are linked to their contributions during active service." What kind of guidance does this provision reflect?

  Hao Wanlu: It is one of the highlights of this law to clarify the linkage between retirement protection and service contribution.

In the general provisions of the law, “classified security” is clearly defined as one of the principles of the protection of veterans, and stipulates that “the political and life benefits of veterans are linked to their contributions during active service”.

At the same time, this principle is specifically reflected in the design of related content such as decommissioning placement, employment and entrepreneurship, pensions and preferential treatment, and honor incentives.

Linking post-retirement placement and service support with contributions made during the service period is the traditional practice of the party and the state in safeguarding veterans, and it is also the basic consensus and important experience of the armed forces of all countries in the world.

This law clearly regulates and establishes a clear direction that the greater the contribution to national defense, the better the placement of decommissioning and the better the service guarantee, this not only reflects the fairness and justice of the guarantee principle in the group of retired soldiers, but also encourages the broad masses of officers and soldiers to serve and build military camps with peace of mind.

  Reporter: Yes, we have noticed that this law also specifically mentions the establishment of a special preferential treatment mechanism for veterans participating in the war. Can you talk about the specific aspects of the special preferential treatment mechanism?

  Hao Wanlu: "Mountains are strong because of ridges, and houses are solid because of beams." Veterans, especially those who participated in the war, are the backbone of the country. It is the responsibility of the country and the conscience of society to treat veterans well and preferential treatment to veterans.

This law has established a special preferential treatment mechanism for war veterans, clearly prioritizes the placement of war veterans, gives priority to guaranteeing the transfer and enrollment of children of war veterans, and raises the preferential treatment standards for war veterans. Military medical institutions and public medical institutions treat war veterans. Give preferential treatment to include the list and deeds of war veterans in local chronicles.

This law clearly provides key guarantees to veterans who participated in the war. They have both political honors and corresponding economic benefits. They have a clear guiding role, a significant incentive role and a strong inspiring role, which is conducive to motivating the broad masses of military personnel to contribute to the cause of strengthening the military and the country. Conducive to the realization of the legislative purpose of "making soldiers a profession respected by the whole society".

  Reporter: After the promulgation of the Veterans Protection Law, the issuance of preferential treatment certificates for veterans is highly anticipated. Could you please talk about how this law stipulates this?

  Hao Wanlu: The preferential treatment certificate is an important basis for veterans to enjoy preferential services from the state and society.

In recent years, veterans in some provinces and cities can enjoy free visits to tourist attractions invested by the state and free use of urban public transportation.

This law elevates these good experiences and good practices of first-hand trials to legal norms, and clearly stipulates that the competent department of the retired servicemen of the people’s government of the resettlement place shall issue the retired servicemen preferential treatment certificates when accepting them.

Veterans’ preferential treatment certificates are uniformly issued and numbered nationwide, and the management and use measures shall be formulated by the department in charge of retired servicemen under the State Council in conjunction with relevant departments.

To a certain extent, this can expand the inclusiveness of the preferential treatment, increase the gold content of the preferential treatment, and realize the core function of the preferential treatment certificate of "showing honor and implementing treatment".

Reassurance pill

Inclusive preferential treatment superimposed on honor and incentive highlights

  Reporter: Everyone is very concerned about the employment and placement benefits of veterans. Please talk about the provisions of this law in this regard.

  Hao Wanlu: Employment is the foundation of people's livelihood, the source of wealth, and an important way to realize the connotative development of veterans' support work.

Soldiers have made sacrifices to protect their homes and the country, and it is the government and society's duty to arrange them after retirement.

The party and the state have always attached great importance to the resettlement of retired servicemen. In accordance with the principle of equality and priority protection, and on the basis of the current policies and systems, the law has clearly stipulated the employment and placement methods and placement quality of veterans, emphasizing agencies, group organizations, Institutions that accept the placement of demobilized officers, sergeants and conscripts who arrange for work shall provide guarantees in accordance with relevant state regulations.

This is a major innovation in the system and has brought stable psychological expectations to the majority of veterans and active servicemen.

  Reporter: From a global perspective, the more mature the professional development of the country, the more important it is to the education and training of veterans. What are the positive measures for the education and training of veterans after the promulgation of this law?

  Hao Wanlu: In order to further enhance the pertinence and operability of education and training for veterans, this legislation provides for innovative education and training for veterans, clarifies and improves pre-retirement education and training, education preferential policies, and strengthens vocational skills training.

In summary, there are two positive measures.

  On the one hand, the education and training before decommissioning were clarified.

It is stipulated that before military personnel retire, under the premise of ensuring the completion of military tasks, their troops can provide vocational skills reserve training according to the characteristics and conditions of the troops, organize and participate in higher education self-study examinations and higher education continuing education held by various institutions of higher learning, as well as knowledge expansion, Non-academic continuing education such as skill training.

The training of veterans throughout their careers, targeted pre-skill training and academic education and training generally recognized by the society are the prerequisites for achieving high-quality employment.

This provision plays an important role in helping veterans improve their employment competitiveness and adapt to society as soon as possible.

  On the other hand, the improvement of higher education and training was made clear.

It is stipulated that colleges and universities can recruit veterans through separate plans, separate enrollment, etc., in accordance with the overall arrangement of the state; active-duty military personnel who have been admitted to or are enrolled in ordinary colleges and universities before entering the army, retain their admission qualifications or school status during active service. Enrollment or resumption of school is allowed within two years after retirement, and can be transferred to other majors of the school in accordance with relevant national regulations.

Those who meet the requirements for applying for postgraduates will enjoy preferential policies in accordance with relevant national regulations.

These regulations have increased support for the education of veterans. In particular, colleges and universities have allocated places to recruit veterans, providing more opportunities for veterans to receive higher education.

  Reporter: We have noticed that the law clarifies the principle of "adhering to the superposition of inclusive benefits and preferential treatment". How should we understand it?

  Hao Wanlu: Preferential treatment is a commendation given by the state and society for the contributions made by veterans during their service in accordance with the law. It is the national will to promote dedication and inspire future generations. It is a powerful tool to "make soldiers a profession respected by the whole society."

  The superposition of inclusive benefits and preferential treatment is an extremely important principle. This principle clearly stipulates that on the basis of ensuring that veterans enjoy inclusive policies and public services, combined with the contributions made during active service and the actual conditions of various regions, they can also enjoy medical treatment, Special preferential treatment in public transportation, culture and tourism.

In this way, the inclusive protection enjoyed by ordinary citizens can be enjoyed by veterans. This law will no longer be repeated and regulated. This law has made special provisions for special preferential treatment and assistance and assistance for veterans, with more emphasis. Outstanding and clearer orientation.

  Reporter: Honor is the second life of military personnel. How does the Veterans Protection Law strengthen the sense of honor of military veterans?

  Hao Wanlu: Honor is the most direct manifestation of praise and reward, and it is also the aspect that best reflects the professional value of military personnel.

This legislation has increased the intensity of honor incentives, clearly stipulating that the state establishes an honor incentive mechanism for veterans, and commends and rewards veterans who have made outstanding contributions to socialist modernization.

Retired soldiers who receive commendations and rewards during active service shall enjoy corresponding treatment in accordance with relevant national regulations after retirement.

The people's government of the place where the veterans are placed shall hold a reception ceremony when accepting veterans.

The local people's government should hang a glorious card for the families of veterans and regularly carry out visits and condolences.

When the state, localities, and military hold major celebrations, representatives of retired military personnel should be invited to participate.

When invited veterans participate in major celebrations, they can wear the standard clothing at the time of retirement, and wear medals, medals, commemorative badges and other badges awarded during active service and after retirement.

This is a respect and praise for the veterans, and it is a kind of promotion of heroism.

  Pan Disi Li Long Jia Yong