Xu Qiliang                       

  The "Proposal of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on Formulating the Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development and the Long-Term Goals for 2035" (hereinafter referred to as the "Proposal"), based on the overall strategy for the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, which is unprecedented in the world The profound grasp of the major changes and the strategic deployment of national defense and military modernization at a new historical starting point fully demonstrated the strategic determination and far-reaching plan of the Party Central Committee and Chairman Xi to advance the country and the military.

We must thoroughly understand and implement the deployment requirements of the "Recommendations," unswervingly follow the path of strengthening the army with Chinese characteristics, and constantly create new prospects for the cause of strengthening the army.

  1. Deeply understand the characteristics of the times of national defense and military modernization

  Our party has always taken national defense and military modernization as its diligent goal. It has deeply grasped the laws of military construction in all historical periods, based on the strategic security environment and national conditions and military conditions, and scientifically demarcated the development direction and breakthrough points of national defense and military modernization.

Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Chairman Xi has put forward a series of major policies and principles, made a series of major decisions and deployments, and promoted a series of major tasks to lead the modernization of the military in the practice of strengthening the military in a magnificent manner. Stride forward.

Especially since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, Chairman Xi has made a series of new strategic decisions on national defense and military modernization, clarifying the goals, strategic steps, and basic tasks, and pushing the modernization of our military into a new era and new journey.

  (1) Modernization in the new era is a modernization that provides strategic support for the realization of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

A strong country must have a strong army, and a strong army can ensure national security.

This was drawn from the painful historical lesson of modern China's backwardness and beatings, and it is also an important historical experience of our party leading the Chinese people to stand up, become rich, and become strong.

The great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation will inevitably face various major challenges, major risks, major resistances, and major contradictions. In the new era, my country’s security connotation and extension, time and space, internal and external factors have undergone profound changes, and security needs are comprehensive, global, and external. Features are more prominent.

To maintain national security, military means are always the bottom line and serve as a pinnacle. The modernization of national defense and the armed forces must be in line with the process of national modernization, and military strength must be in line with the strategic needs of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

President Xi focused on the overall needs of national security and development. Based on the strategic planning and arrangements for national defense and military modernization in 2035 and mid-century, he historically proposed the goal of building the army for a century. The fundamental goal is to improve the defense of national sovereignty, security, and development interests. Strategic capabilities.

We must deeply understand the commander’s intentions, firmly implement the strategic requirements, strengthen the awareness of danger, adhere to the bottom line thinking, promote modernization with better strategies, higher efficiency, and faster speed, and give full play to military forces to shape the situation, manage crises, contain wars, and win The strategic function of war is to resolutely safeguard the leadership of the Communist Party of China and the socialist system of our country, resolutely safeguard national sovereignty, security, and development interests, resolutely safeguard regional and world peace, and actively perform responsibilities and obligations commensurate with China’s international status, in order to promote the construction of human destiny The community contributes to effectively fulfill the mission and tasks assigned by the party and the people in the new era.

  (2) Modernization in the new era is the modernization of mechanization, informatization, and intelligent integration.

The modernization of national defense and the military develops dynamically, and different historical periods have different connotations.

In the 1950s, the goal of modernization that our army put forward was mainly to achieve mechanization.

Since the 1990s, to adapt to the development trend of informatization, it has proposed to build an informatized army and win informatized wars.

Entering the new era, Chairman Xi has keen insight into the development trend of the new round of scientific and technological revolution and military revolution. Based on the continuous improvement of the informatization of modern warfare and the increasingly obvious mechanistic changes of the intelligence, he clearly proposed to adhere to mechanization and informatization. As the leading and intelligent direction, promote the integration and development of "three modernizations".

This major strategic thinking and strategic requirement has given new era connotations to national defense and military modernization, and pointed out the development direction, development path, and development model.

Mechanization and informationization and intelligence originated in different eras. The former gave birth to the latter and the latter transformed the former. Intelligence does not exclude mechanization and informationization. Instead, the "three modernizations" overlap, penetrate and support each other, and jointly give birth to new forms of warfare. And combat methods.

At the time of the budding of the intelligent military system, it is necessary to keep up with the pace of the times, strengthen cross-field integration innovation with intelligent technology as the leading factor, and accelerate the realization of the development of "three modernizations" echelon development to integration, and from point accumulation to system breakthrough Change, develop highly developed mechanization and higher level informatization in the process of advancing intelligence.

  (3) Modernization in the new era is a modernization that always preserves the nature and purpose of the people's army.

In the practice of military struggle and construction for more than 90 years, our army has always been advancing under the banner of the party, forming a set of principles for building and administering the army, developed strategies and tactics for the people’s war, and cultivated a unique glorious tradition and fine style of work.

The leadership of the party is the fundamental guarantee for the people's army to always maintain strong cohesion, centripetal force, creativity, and combat effectiveness.

The party's absolute leadership over the army is an essential feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics, an important political advantage of the party and the country, and the soul of the people's army that can never be changed and the root of life that can never be lost.

No matter how the situation changes and how modernization develops, there must be no wavering or deviation on the fundamental issue of the nature, purpose, and nature of the people's army.

Under the conditions of the new era, it is necessary to fully implement a series of fundamental principles and systems for the party’s leadership of the army, strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidence", achieve "two safeguards", implement the military committee chairman responsibility system, and resolutely obey Under the command of Chairman Xi, he insisted on the fundamental purpose of serving the people wholeheartedly and the revolutionary spirit of hard work, sacrifice and dedication to ensure that the army is absolutely loyal, absolutely pure, and absolutely reliable.

  2. Accurately grasp the basic tasks of accelerating national defense and military modernization

  President Xi established a strategic outline for accelerating the modernization of national defense and the armed forces. The "Proposal" clarified the overall thinking, objectives and tasks.

In terms of implementation, the fundamental thing is to implement Xi Jinping’s thoughts on strengthening the army, implement the military strategy of the new era, adhere to the party’s absolute leadership over the people’s army, adhere to political building, reform, science and technology, talents, and rule of law. ; The key is to basically realize the modernization of national defense and the army by 2035, and comprehensively promote the modernization of military theory, military organization, military personnel, and weapons and equipment; during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the focus is to focus on achieving the goal of the century-old army and make good plans. Design, push forward system construction, grasp key measures, and take the first step in the new journey of national defense and military modernization.

  (1) Speed ​​up the modernization of military theory.

Scientific military theory is combat effectiveness.

The key to the continuous development and growth of the People's Army and the transition from victory to victory lies in the party's advanced military guidance theory.

At the same time, we must also realize that with the continuous expansion of emerging fields and battlefield space, new war and combat theories are emerging one after another, and it is imperative and urgent to accelerate the modernization of military theories.

The most important thing is to deepen the study and research of Xi Jinping's thinking on strengthening the army, deeply understand and implement Xi Jinping's military strategic thinking, persist in facing the battlefield, facing the army, and facing the future, and vigorously promote the innovation of Marxist military theory.

"The forces are impermanent, and water is impermanent." The vitality of military strategic guidance lies in changing and acting in response to the times.

It is necessary to actively follow the evolution trend of modern warfare, strengthen research on opponents and enemy conditions, foresee the understanding of the characteristics and laws of intelligent warfare and the winning mechanism, and advance with the times and innovate warfare and strategic guidance.

We must do a good job in the study and implementation of the military strategic policy in the new era, complement and improve the theater strategy, military strategy in major security areas, and the development strategy of services and arms, and the armed police force, and improve the military strategic system in the new era.

It is necessary to focus on joint operations and global operations based on the network information system, implement the "technology + strategy" combat theory generation model, develop combat concepts that subvert the traditional confrontation rules, and develop advanced combat theories that are unique to our military and conform to the laws of modern warfare.

It is necessary to gather research power and wisdom in various fields, establish a new pattern of military theory research that forms cross-domain integration, full openness, and in-depth practice, open up the chain of "research", "training", and "war", and promote the construction of an era and leading , Unique military theory system.

  (2) Speed ​​up the modernization of the military organization.

The advanced organizational form is a multiplier that gives full play to the overall advantages of people and weapons.

Through the deepening of national defense and military reforms, our military has achieved an integral and revolutionary reshaping of its organizational structure and force system. It must adhere to the same direction, unbiased path, and undiminished strength, highlight the key point of military policy system reform, and accelerate the deepening of reforms and reforms. Release energy and increase efficiency, continuously liberate and develop combat effectiveness, liberate and enhance the vitality of the army.

Modern organizational forms inevitably require modern management models.

It is necessary to further advance the revolution in military management, update management concepts, improve systems and mechanisms, unblock the strategic management link of "demand-plan-budget-execution-evaluation", improve the management system of scientific decision-making, full-process supervision, fine evaluation, and precise control, and improve Military system operation efficiency and defense resource utilization efficiency.

Advanced military forces are an important foundation for the modernization of national defense and the armed forces. It is necessary to speed up the transformation and construction of services and armed police forces around system support, better operations, and joint victory, and adjust and optimize the layout of the force structure according to the requirements of enrichment, synthesis, versatility and flexibility. Enhance strategic deterrence capabilities and strengthen combat forces in new territories and new qualities.

To strengthen the combat capability of the system, it is necessary to integrate the deployment, development, and use of the elements of combat power, strengthen joint training, joint support, and joint use of military forces, and promote various forces and means to form a fist to form a system confrontation advantage.

  (3) Speed ​​up the modernization of military personnel.

The way to strengthen the army is to win people.

Talent competition is the most fundamental and decisive competition. It is necessary to firmly establish the concept that human resources are the first resource, fully implement the strategy of strengthening the army with talents, and promote the overall upgrading of military personnel's ability and quality, the overall optimization of structural layout, and the overall transformation of management models.

We must implement the policy of military education in the new era, focus on joint operations commanding talents, new combat force talents, high-level scientific and technological innovation talents, and high-level strategic management talents, and accelerate the creation of a new type of high-quality, professional military talent phalanx with both ability and political integrity.

We must focus on fostering morality and educating people for warfare, improve the trinity of military academies education, military training practice, and military vocational education, a new military talent training system, implement the priority development strategy of academies, promote the connotative development of military academies, and increase participation The importance of joint exercises, joint training and combat readiness operations in personnel training is to implement networked, open, and fully-covered military vocational education.

At the same time, it is necessary to implement a more active, more open, and more effective talent policy, strengthen the precise allocation and management of military human resources, expand the horizons of employment, recruit outstanding talents from all fields to join the military, and form a comparative advantage in the competition of talents throughout the society.

  (4) Speed ​​up the modernization of weapons and equipment.

Weapons and equipment are an important symbol of national defense and military modernization, and are also an important material and technological basis for military capabilities.

The "14th Five-Year Plan" period is likely to be a new round of technological revolution and a period of qualitative change in the military revolution. This is a historical opportunity that should not be missed.

It is necessary to focus on independent innovation and original innovation in national defense science and technology, scientific layout and stable support for basic research, stimulate the vitality and momentum of scientific and technological innovation, and accelerate breakthroughs in key core technologies.

It is necessary to adapt to the development trend of rapid iteration and short process of technological innovation, enhance technological acuity, cognition and response speed, deeply grasp the new directions and applications of global technological development, and capture and develop technologies that may change the form of war, the rules of operations, and the pattern of offense and defense Direction to create more strategic "iron fists" for defeating the enemy.

We must accelerate the upgrading of weapons and equipment and the development of intelligent weapons and equipment, and drive the construction of weapons and equipment to achieve a system leap.

  3. Thoroughly implement the strategic requirements for accelerating the modernization of national defense and the military

  President Xi pointed out that the current and future period is a critical period for the modernization of national defense and the armed forces. There must be a major development, and it is also fully capable of achieving major development.

We must strengthen our sense of mission, sense of urgency, and sense of responsibility, with a high degree of political consciousness, strong organizational leadership, and pragmatic measures to implement it, and strive to win new victories in national defense and military modernization.

  (1) Resolutely obey and serve the overall strategic situation of the party and the country.

As an important part of national modernization, national defense and military modernization must be integrated into the overall situation of the rejuvenation of a powerful country, based on the new development stage and new development pattern, strengthen political, overall, and strategic operations, "see the whole area" in the overall situation, and in the long run. Seek a journey".

It is necessary to focus on "basically realizing socialist modernization", focusing on "commensurate with our country’s status as a powerful country" and "coordinating with the country’s modernization development", scientifically formulate the "14th Five-Year Plan" for army building, and set goals, tasks and development indicators from a higher starting point And plan the path of realization.

It is necessary to implement the overall national security concept, closely follow the comprehensive national strength to develop military strength, closely follow the country's major security needs to develop core capabilities, and promote the simultaneous improvement of national defense strength and economic strength.

  (2) Persist in focusing on being able to fight and win battles.

Always keep in mind that if you forget the war, you must be dangerous, and if you slack off the battle, you must be defeated. It is highly sensitive to the enemy's situation and the surrounding security situation, and the preparation for military struggle is the leader to drive the modernization drive to go deeper and more solid.

It is necessary to strengthen the clear orientation of military training and preparation, firmly establish the only fundamental standard of combat effectiveness, optimize and strengthen the strategic layout in all directions, effectively enhance deterrence and actual combat capabilities, and do a good job in anti-terrorism and stability maintenance and overseas security guarantees to ensure that the call is coming and coming. It can fight and fight can win.

  (3) Give full play to the driving force of reform and innovation.

Break all the constraints and constraints that restrict reform and innovation, keep up with changes in the form of war, changes in technological development, and changes in the times, actively respond to changes, actively seek changes, and continue to deepen the innovative development of war preparation, construction, and reform.

Choose areas and directions with great development potential, highly competitive, and strategic high-value forward-looking layouts, see in the beginning, move in the first move, broaden the way of catching up and surpassing the strategy, and accelerate the transition from passive adaptation to war to active design of war. Build an innovative people’s army.

  (4) Promote the realization of high-quality development.

Shift the development model to a systematic and connotative development, insist on quality first and benefit first, and build an index system, standard system, statistical system, evaluation system, and supervision system that promote high-quality development.

Strengthen the general management of the Military Commission, do a good job of top-level design, innovate strategic management, achieve overall planning of war and construction, cross-domain coordination, and military-regional coordination, and maintain the strategic determination and resilience of development.

Focusing on high-quality weapons and equipment, high-quality military personnel, and new combat forces, we will increase the effective supply of combat power, and promote the modernization of the military from increasing "quantity" to "quality".

  (5) Gather a majestic force that accelerates the modernization of national defense and the military.

Our army is the people's army, and our national defense is national defense.

It is necessary to focus on achieving the unity of a rich country and a strong military, promote coordinated, balanced, and compatible development of economic and national defense construction, do a good job of strategic planning, deepen the sharing of resources and elements, strengthen policy and system coordination, and build an integrated national strategic system and capabilities.

Improve the national defense mobilization system, strengthen national defense education for the whole people, consolidate the unity of military, government, military and civilians, integrate and use all innovative achievements of the times and high-quality social resources to build a consolidated national defense and a strong people's army.