Why does the census "check people" and "check houses"

  On November 1, on-site registration was officially opened for the seventh national census.

In Beijing, a total of 115,000 census personnel registered census information item by person.

The entire registration work will continue until December 10, and then the relevant departments will carry out census data processing and summary work, and the main data bulletin will be released in 2021.

  According to reports, the census registration includes name, citizenship number, gender, age, ethnicity, education level, industry, occupation, migration, marriage and childbirth, death, housing, etc.

This census is roughly the same as the sixth national census in terms of indicator settings, with the addition of citizen identification numbers.

  According to Li Xiaochao, director of the Office of the Seventh National Census Leading Group of the State Council and deputy director of the National Bureau of Statistics, this is mainly for the purpose of data comparison, to achieve comparison and verification with the administrative records of public security, health and health departments, and to ensure the authenticity of the data And accuracy.

The entire process of the census will strengthen the protection of citizens' personal information, and it is strictly forbidden to disclose citizens' personal information.

  Regarding the widespread public concern about the issue of census “house rounds” that require the collection of property taxes, the National Bureau of Statistics recently responded that “checking persons” by housing is a method commonly used in census conducted in various countries around the world, and people live in houses. .

The purpose of "house rounds" in the census is to check the population, and the focus of housing information registration is to understand the population's living conditions, living facilities, and rent levels, in order to better reflect the current livelihood issues.

  In response to the online transmission that "the seventh census included housing round information into the scope of the census for the first time," the National Bureau of Statistics stated that in the past census process, housing status registration was also involved many times, not for the first time.

For example, in the sixth census data carried out in 2010, the statistics department implemented the registration of relevant housing information data; in the fifth census in 2000, there were also housing-related data.

This is a "routine action" to do a good job in the census, not a new item.

  Some people worry that the census will leak personal privacy.

In this regard, Liu Aihua, spokesperson for the National Bureau of Statistics and Director of the General Statistics Department of the National Economy, said at a press conference of the State Council Information Office that the protection of citizens’ personal information will be strengthened throughout the entire process. Census agencies and staff at all levels have obtained information from the census. The information must be kept strictly confidential, otherwise it will bear corresponding legal responsibilities.

  Recently, fraud cases based on the seventh national census have occurred in many places across the country.

Both the National Bureau of Statistics and the public security organs stated that the census does not charge any fees, and do not trust any behavior that uses the census as an excuse to ask for property, property, account password information, and SMS verification codes.

  The National Bureau of Statistics also reminded that all census takers carry certificates with the seal of the census office at the county level and above; they can be identified by consulting the community neighborhood committee; the census does not involve any income survey.

  The seventh national census will adopt electronic means to carry out census registration.

The data collection method of this census changed from using paper form registration in the previous census to using PAD or personal smart phone registration. After registration is completed, data is directly reported in real time, which can reduce intermediate links and help improve data quality.

  Zhao Jianying