On October 23, General Secretary Xi Jinping said at the meeting to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the Chinese People’s Volunteers’ mission to resist U.S. aggression and aid Korea, “the great spirit of resisting U.S. aggression and aggression to Korea has spanned time and space, and must be passed on forever.” Let us look back at history and trace the great How to forge the spirit of resisting U.S. aggression and aiding Korea, thinking about how to inherit and carry forward this great spirit in the new era.

Strengthen the national character: not afraid of violence, resisting power

  At the commemorative meeting that day, Xi Jinping said: “The Chinese people know that when dealing with aggressors, they have to talk to them in a language that they understand. This is to stop wars by war, stop war by force, win peace by victory, Earn respect."

  On June 25, 1950, the Korean War broke out. A civil war that originally occurred on the Korean peninsula, but due to the strong intervention of the United States and direct troops, evolved into a large-scale international local war.

  At this time, less than a year after the founding of New China, it was just a waste of time.

To send troops to North Korea, it is necessary to confront the US military with the best equipment in the world and take great risks.

Taking into full consideration the strategic situation and the strength of the enemy and ourselves, the Party Central Committee and Comrade Mao Zedong finally made the important decision of the Chinese People's Volunteers to go abroad to fight, "fight with one punch to avoid a hundred punches."

△In October 1950, the Chinese People's Volunteers crossed the Yalu River to the front line of North Korea.

  "In order to oppose the brutal aggression of the U.S. imperialists, to aid the liberation struggle of the brothers of North Korea, and to defend the interests of the Chinese people, the Korean people and the people of all Asia, we volunteered to go to the Korean battlefield..." This is the oath of the Chinese People’s Volunteers and it is also their fight. The belief in winning this war lies.

  In this battle, the mountains and rivers were unharmed and the country was peaceful!

As Xi Jinping said at the meeting on October 23: "The Chinese people do not cause troubles and are not afraid of them. In the face of any difficulties and risks, their calves will not tremble and their waists will not bend. The Chinese nation cannot be frightened or crushed. !"

△ In December 1950, Beijing, the students who signed up to participate in the War of Resist US Aid Korea were put on glory flowers by the students.

Gathering national strength: one heart, one heart and one heart

  In 1951, the Second Year of the War to Resist U.S. Aid and Aid Korea, the Chinese People’s Association for Resisting U.S. Aid and Aid Korea issued a notice calling on the people of the whole country to donate aircraft and artillery.

  The famous Henan opera actress Chang Xiangyu and her lover Chen Xianzhang decided to donate a fighter jet to the volunteer army through a charity performance.

Chen Xianzhang quickly wrote the script for the charity performance, which was the "Mulan" which was later made into a movie.

In half a year, the Xiangyu Theater Company traveled tens of thousands of miles and performed more than 180 performances. Finally, it saved enough money to buy a fighter jet and realized its wish to donate the aircraft.

The aircraft was named "Changxiangyu".

△"Changxiangyu" aircraft

  While the Chinese People's Volunteers entered North Korea to fight, a vigorous movement to resist US aggression and aggression was launched in the country.

People from all walks of life across the country actively participated in the military, donated aircraft and artillery, condolences to the volunteers, concluded a patriotic convention, and carried out a campaign to increase production and economize, which strongly supported the frontline operations.

According to incomplete statistics, in just one year, the donated money can buy 3,710 fighter jets.

  At the commemorative meeting on October 23, Xi Jinping said that in the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, the Chinese people, inspired by the banner of patriotism, worked together with the same hatred and enemies, and let the world witness the majestic power contained in the Chinese people and let the world know "Now that the Chinese people are organized, it is untouchable. If it is overturned, it will be difficult to handle!" After these words, there was thunderous applause.

△Dandong, Liaoning, Yalu River Bridge.

Forging national bloodliness: giving up life and forgetting death, living to death

  The battle of Shangganling was one of the fiercest battles to resist US aggression and aid Korea.

The battle began in October 1952 and lasted 43 days.

  At that time, the "United Nations Army" and the Chinese and North Korean troops were in a situation where they were fighting and talking. In order to gain an advantage at the negotiating table, the two warring parties fought fiercely on two highlands covering an area of ​​only 3.7 square kilometers. The two sides invested more than ten troops. Million.

  It was in this small position that the U.S. Army poured out more than 1.9 million shells and more than 5,000 bombs. The density of artillery fire exceeded that of any battle in World War II.

The Volunteer Field correspondent at the time, Lu Zhuguo, described Shangganling after being bombed in this way: A handful of things on Shangganling are three things: broken stones, shells, and human bones.

△ On the morning of the 23rd, a flower basket presentation ceremony was held in Shenyang, Liaoning and other four places in the name of Xi Jinping, General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee, President of the State, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission.

This is the ceremony site of the Memorial Tower to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea in Dandong, Liaoning.

(Provided by CCTV reporter Yong Kaijun)

  Volunteer soldiers overcame the unbearable difficulties of ordinary people and used the tunnel defense system to achieve "less steel and more gas" to overcome "more steel and less gas", and defended their positions without losing a single inch.

In this battle, a large number of fighting heroes emerged, such as Huang Jiguang, a super hero who gave up his gun, and Qiu Shaoyun, a first-class hero who endured the flames and stood still.

  At the commemorative meeting on October 23, Xi Jinping quoted the words of the heroes who resisted US aggression and aid to Korea: “Behind us is the motherland. For the peace of the people of the motherland, we cannot take a step back!” The general secretary said with emotion: “This bloody order The enemy is terrified, and the world is moved!" Going on mission with life and loving all beings with great love is a portrayal of national blood.

Stimulate national wisdom: keep integrity and innovation, and move forward courageously

  In the summer of 1953, the last battle of the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea started.

Jingangchuan is a river near the front line of Jincheng. There was a bridge and a pedestrian bridge on the river, which was an important passage for Volunteer Army troops' logistic materials.

In order to cut off the lifeline of the frontline troops, the enemy sent out planes to bombard them day and night.

  Volunteer military engineer Zhang Zhenzhi was ordered to build a load bridge at the Yanli ferry crossing in Jingangchuan to ensure unimpeded traffic.

In the face of the enemy's bombing, Zhang Zhenzhi took his comrades to work hard and skillfully, using the broken trees as the bridge material, so as to save energy and time.

Although the bridge was repeatedly bombed, Zhang Zhenzhi was able to complete the repair of the bridge within the specified time and built a constantly bombing "Bridge of Life."

After the war, Zhang Zhenzhi was awarded the honorary title of "Engineer Hero".

△Guns and artillery displayed in the Memorial Hall to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea in Dandong, Liaoning.

  On the Korean battlefield, the People's Army learned about warfare in the war, created new tactics and new experience for defeating powerful enemies with inferior technology and equipment, and gave full play to flexible and mobile strategies and tactics.

On August 1, 2017, at the celebration of the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, Xi Jinping mentioned the innovative tactics of "zero knocking of brown sugar" during the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea.

  At the commemorative meeting on October 23, Xi Jinping concluded: “In the face of risks and challenges from various quarters, and in the face of various resistance pressures, the Chinese people can always open roads in the mountains, build bridges in the face of water, and always show great wisdom and courage. Determined to forge ahead and'make a bloody road'!" In critical moments, we see heroes everywhere, this is the endless Chinese nation.

△In 1958, when the Chinese People's Volunteers triumphed, North Korean children asked the volunteers to sign their names.

  Seventy years ago, the Chinese People's Volunteer Army "stripped the Yalu River with valiant and high spirits."

Today, the great spirit of resisting U.S. aggression and aiding Korea inspires us to "brute and be proud" and embark on a new journey of comprehensively building a modern socialist country.

  Producer丨Shen Yong Zhao Xue Xue

  Chief Author丨Hou Yan

  Vision丨Chen Kuo

  Editor丨Wang Jiyang