"Infectious Disease Prevention and Control Law" revised draft for comments
New crown pneumonia is included in the proposed method for the construction of shelter hospitals for Class B infectious diseases
Yesterday, the National Health Commission issued a notice on its official website that the "Law of the People's Republic of China on the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases" (Revised Draft for Solicitation of Comments) (hereinafter referred to as the "Draft for Solicitation of Comments) formally solicited comments.
A reporter from Beijing Youth Daily noted that this consultation draft included the new crown pneumonia epidemic as a category B infectious disease, and proposed that patients or suspected patients with category A infectious diseases, clusters of unknown causes with epidemiological characteristics of infectious diseases, and other infectious disease outbreaks have been found When it is popular, a network report should be made within 2 hours.
At the same time, successful practices such as the construction of square cabin hospitals have been elevated to legal requirements.
The revision also improved the infectious disease epidemic reporting system, and established a reporting reward and liability exemption system.
The deadline for comments is October 15th.
New Type B infectious diseases
Human infection with H7N9 avian influenza and new coronary pneumonia, etc.
A reporter from the Beijing Youth Daily noted that the draft for soliciting comments has improved the classification system of infectious diseases, clearly put forward the characteristics of the three types of infectious diseases of A, B, and C, and made different regulations on the scope of monitoring, the subject of reporting, and the time limit for different types of infectious diseases. , To further highlight the key points and reflect the concept of classified management.
Article 3 of the draft for comments clarifies that Category A infectious diseases are those that are particularly harmful to human health and life safety, and may cause major economic losses and social impacts, and require compulsory management, compulsory isolation treatment, compulsory health quarantine, and control the spread of the epidemic Infectious diseases, including plague and cholera.
Category B infectious diseases refer to infectious diseases that are seriously harmful to human health and life safety and may cause greater economic losses and social impacts. Strict management and implementation of various prevention and control measures are required to reduce the incidence and harm, including infectious diseases. 27 infectious diseases including atypical pneumonia.
A reporter from the Beijing Youth Daily noted that human infection with H7N9 avian influenza and a new type of coronavirus pneumonia that occurred this year have been newly added.
Article 4 of the draft for comments proposes to adopt preventive and control measures for infectious atypical pneumonia in category B infectious diseases, pulmonary anthrax in anthrax, and new coronavirus pneumonia.
For other Class B infectious diseases and clusters of unknown causes with epidemiological characteristics of infectious diseases that require preventive and control measures for Class A infectious diseases referred to in this Law, the health authority of the State Council shall promptly report to the State Council for approval and announce and implement them. .
Increase the epidemic characteristics of infectious diseases
Unexplained cluster disease
The draft for comments focuses on the prevention and control of clusters of unknown causes, including the addition of “aggregated diseases of unknown causes with epidemiological characteristics of infectious diseases” on the basis of the three types of legal infectious diseases of Class A, B, C, and further improvement of reporting and control. Sexual measures.
In addition, the infectious disease epidemic report system has been improved, the reporting responsibilities and time limit requirements of all levels and types of institutions have been clarified, and a reporting reward and liability exemption system has been established.
For example, Article 36 of the draft for comments clearly states that the country shall establish an infectious disease epidemic reporting system. When patients or suspected patients with Class A infectious diseases, clusters of unknown causes with epidemiological characteristics of infectious diseases, and other infectious diseases break out and spread, they should Network report within 2 hours.
Patients with Category B infectious diseases, suspected patients, and carriers of infectious diseases that are required to be reported shall be reported online within 24 hours after diagnosis.
It is noteworthy that the provision clearly states that “the state will reward units and individuals that have discovered and reported clusters of unknown causes and new infectious diseases with epidemiological characteristics of infectious diseases in accordance with relevant state regulations; If the relevant units and individuals are not held accountable."
Successful practices such as building a shelter hospital
Elevated to legal requirements
The draft for comments also improved the surveillance, early warning and reporting system of infectious diseases.
For example, conduct monitoring through multiple channels, establish a system for the exchange and sharing of clinical medical and disease control information, and establish a cross-departmental and cross-regional monitoring information sharing mechanism.
In addition, the construction of an infectious disease treatment network will be improved.
Construct a comprehensive treatment system that combines peacetime and wartime, elevate successful practices such as building shelter hospitals to legal requirements, and give play to the role of Chinese medicine in the treatment of infectious diseases.
For example, people’s governments at or above the county level should improve the construction and transformation of public infrastructure such as sports venues, exhibition venues, civic activity centers, and schools, and reserve interfaces for emergency medical treatment and patient isolation requirements when a major epidemic occurs, so as to facilitate emergency needs. It was quickly put into use as a temporary treatment place or isolation area.
The draft also proposes to take effective health protection measures and medical care measures for personnel engaged in infectious disease prevention, medical treatment, scientific research, teaching, supervision and law enforcement, and on-site handling of the epidemic, as well as other personnel who are exposed to infectious disease pathogens during production and work. , Give appropriate allowances, and establish a dynamic adjustment mechanism.
Those who deliberately conceal the condition of infectious diseases
Will be held accountable
The draft for comments has increased the penalties for related violations, and added penalties for cases where individuals and units do not cooperate in the implementation of infectious disease prevention and control measures.
For example, during the outbreak and epidemic of infectious diseases, those who refuse to fulfill the prevention and control decisions and orders issued by the government, refuse to accept or cooperate with the epidemic prevention and control measures taken by the disease prevention and control agency, and deliberately conceal the condition of the infectious diseases, Patients, pathogen carriers, suspected patients, close contacts who refuse to accept isolation treatment or medical observation, and who leave isolation treatment and medical observation without authorization, fabricate or deliberately disseminate false epidemic information, have other interference, hindrance, or hinder the epidemic situation of infectious diseases In case of prevention and control, the public security organ will give a warning or impose a fine of less than 2,000 yuan; if the circumstances are serious, they will be detained for not less than 5 days but not more than 10 days, and a fine of not more than 5,000 yuan may also be imposed.
Units and individuals who violate the provisions of this law, cause the spread and epidemic of infectious diseases, and cause damage to others, shall be liable for compensation in accordance with the law.
If the circumstances are serious enough to constitute a crime, criminal responsibility will be investigated according to law.
Text/Reporter Jiang Ruojing