From eating well to eating well and dressing warmly, from living in poverty to increasing income and having a dream, Machanier of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture has gone from being a poor household with a documentary card to a Huodeng Village in just 5 years. Well-known model of getting rich.
Through planting medicinal materials and developing agricultural and sideline industries, he successfully picked off the poverty label, and took the lead in the village to enter a well-off society, and life has undergone earth-shaking changes.
It is not only Machanier who used the cultivation of medicinal materials to get rid of poverty. In our country, thousands of Machaniers got rid of poverty by planting Chinese medicinal materials.
2020 is the end of my country’s building of a well-off society in an all-round way and the “13th Five-Year Plan”. It is also the year of resolute victory in poverty alleviation. The resource and ecological advantages of Chinese medicinal materials will be transformed into economic advantages. The ancestor of using Chinese medicine has left us. Valuable wealth to treat diseases, cure "life", comprehensively improve the quality of poverty alleviation, and truly realize a "healthy China".
Aconite flowers bloom in Daliang Mountain
In mid-September, patches of purple aconite flowers bloomed in Butuo, Liangshan, and it was this little flower that changed the income of nearly 10,000 families.
Butuo County, Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, is a key poverty alleviation county in the country where the Yi population accounts for 94% of the total population. It is the main battlefield for poverty alleviation and the core area of the contiguous destitute area of Wumeng Mountain.
In 2014, the county accurately identified 163 poor villages, including 122 deeply impoverished villages and 32 extremely impoverished villages. The registered poverty population was 16,650 households with 79,638 people, and the poverty incidence rate was 45.7%, far exceeding the entire province. State average.
On September 20, Good Doctor Pharmaceutical Group once again came to Huo Deng Village and began the annual purchase of Aconite. Villagers lined up to collect cash.
The 35-year-old Machanier held the RMB 39,577 selling aconite, with a big smile on his face.
This poverty-stricken household who was once scared of poverty has now become a well-known example of getting rich.
Machanier, 35, is the father of three children.
The Huodeng Village where he lives is located above 2,700 meters above sea level, and is home to 170 households with 834 people in deep poverty.
Before the targeted assistance, the village used to grow traditional corn, yam, buckwheat, oats and other food crops for a living. The output value per mu was only a few hundred yuan, and there was almost no other economic income.
In 2014, the United Front Work Department of the Central Committee and the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce put forward the call for targeted poverty alleviation actions called “Ten Thousand Enterprises Help Ten Thousand Villages”. The Good Doctor Group actively responded, actively participated, and adopted more pragmatic and powerful measures to carry out poverty alleviation work.
Although living conditions have been so difficult, he was very resistant to making Machanier plant aconite at first.
Machanier said that in the late 1980s and early 1990s, his family also tried to grow aconite, but because the market was not always available, many times a year of hard work was completely vanished.
"Although the income of potato, oatmeal, and buckwheat is not high, they can at least allow us to eat." Macanier said that living without being hungry was the only pursuit in the past living environment.
Looking back at his more than 30 years of life, it is more like a true portrayal of most of the poor people in Liangshan.
As an entrepreneur who came out of Daliang Mountain, Geng Funeng, chairman of Good Doctor Pharmaceutical Group, said, “I have seen with my own eyes that cohabitation of humans and animals has become a common phenomenon here; children have no money to buy shoes, and run barefoot in the snow; villagers every day I can only use roasted potatoes...I ask myself, when will Liangshan get rid of this poverty?" He believes that material poverty alleviation is not long-lasting. We must change "blood transfusion" into "bloodmaking" to completely change Liangshan's poverty and backwardness. The face.
After field investigation, Geng Funeng found that Butuo is located in an alpine mountainous area. The suitable requirement for planting aconite is about 2800 meters above sea level, humus soil, the annual average temperature is 10-15 degrees, and there is no industrial pollution. But Butuo’s vast mountains and good quality The climatic conditions provide unique growth conditions for the cultivation of Aconite, forming a natural treasure house for the cultivation of Aconite.
Immediately, Good Doctor Group decided to introduce the aconite industry into precise poverty alleviation, adopting the method of "enterprise + branch + base + farmer households", in accordance with the "enterprise providing seeds and responsible technical training. At the same time, in order to let growers worry-free, the medicinal materials they planted are guaranteed Purchase at a reserve price.
At the same time, Good Doctor Pharmaceutical Group invested in the establishment of the largest domestic aconite GMP decoction piece production plant in Butuo County, forming a complete industrial chain from planting, processing, products and marketing, which not only eliminated the worries about the continuous purchase of medicinal materials, but also Solve the employment problem of some local population.
By 2017, 230 acres of aconite were planted in the whole village of Huodeng Village. Good Doctor Group purchased a total of 1.392 million yuan, or 8188 yuan per household. In that year, 76% of poor households in Huodeng Village had their poverty caps removed, and 63 households had filed and registered poverty. There are also 21 households out of poverty.
TCM precision poverty alleviation is highly replicable
"The significance of planting aconite is not only to purchase it under contract." According to Geng Funeng, due to the superior geographical environment and topography of the cloth, the quality of the aconite planted is high, and it is not easy to produce insects and disease. After several years of planting, even Sichuan Jiangyou etc. In the past, the key areas for planting aconite, came to Butuo to purchase as seedlings.
Perhaps this is the true meaning of industrial poverty alleviation.
In this context, Good Doctor Group takes 11 deeply impoverished counties in Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province as key areas for assistance, introduces the cultivation and planting of characteristic Chinese medicinal materials suitable for local natural conditions, and innovates the organization of "company + branch + cooperative + base + farmer" The model implements the measures of “the company provides farmers with improved seeds, provides technical training and guidance, and signs a contract to protect the reserve price to recover products” to help support the Yi people in the alpine mountainous area to develop traditional Chinese medicinal materials and increase economic income.
The company also invested 110 million yuan to build a modern processing plant for precision poverty alleviation with characteristic Chinese medicinal materials in Zeluo Industrial Park, Butuo County. After purchasing Chinese medicinal materials grown by farmers into the factory for primary and deep processing, they will become qualified market demand products for sales, and increase additional sales. Value and farmers’ economic income.
After the plant is officially put into operation, it will process 4,000 tons of aconite, 1,000 tons of tartary buckwheat, and 3,000 tons of other Chinese medicinal materials. The annual output value is 130 million yuan, profits and taxes are 35 million yuan, and 200 people are employed to form a planting, processing, sales, scientific research, and brand. Dragon pattern.
Starting from Butuo, Good Doctor Group has built 9 factories in the whole prefecture, where more than 2,000 people have been employed. Among them, more than 30% are employed by the Yi ethnic group. Basically, one person is employed and the whole family is lifted out of poverty.
Geng Funeng said that Good Doctor Group has formulated a plan to develop 100,000 mu of Chinese herbal medicine Baicao Garden base in Liangshan within 10 years, and establish 30-50 GAP planting bases of Chinese medicinal materials with a total of more than 500,000 mu in the country, and control from the source. The quality of Chinese medicinal materials, the formation of a marketing team for Chinese medicinal materials, and the formation of a precision poverty alleviation system for the entire industrial chain of planting, processing, sales, research and development, and branding, making new breakthroughs for the decisive victory of poverty alleviation, consolidating the results of poverty alleviation, promoting rural revitalization and building a well-off society in an all-round way Greater contribution.
Similar to Butuo, Wuzhai in Shanxi Province was once a national key county for poverty alleviation and development. There are 161 poverty-stricken villages in the county, with 14,192 households and 32,717 registered poor population. The registered poor population accounts for the total number of farmers in the county. At the same time, the deeply impoverished population accounts for 1/9 of the poor population. In April 2019, all 14 indicators for the withdrawal of Wuzhai poverty-stricken counties reached the standards, and they were officially lifted out of poverty after evaluation.
According to data, Wuzhai is similar to Butuo, with a cold climate, one season a year, relying on the sky for food, mainly growing corn and potatoes, and low income.
However, the ecological environment is good, the pests are few, the geographical environment is suitable for the cultivation of Chinese medicinal materials, the income is high, and the effect is quick.
In this context, the National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the counterpart poverty alleviation unit, decided to start with hematopoiesis, and coordinated the construction of the Mongolian Astragalus Seed Industry in Wuzhai County, Shanxi to build a Mongolian Astragalus authentic germplasm resource nursery and a breeding base for improved Astragalus medicinal materials. Beijing Shengshilong, etc. Many companies have also settled down in Wuzhai to build an authentic medicinal material production base.
"Cure the poor", "dig the roots of the poor", prosperity is just around the corner
Recently, the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine held a national poverty alleviation work promotion meeting for the traditional Chinese medicine industry. Li Yu, director of the Science and Technology Department of the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine, said at the meeting that it is necessary to implement the decisions and deployments of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, and take advantage of the resources of Chinese herbal medicines. , Ecological advantages are transformed into economic advantages and latecomer advantages, which stimulate endogenous power in poor areas, use Chinese medicine, the precious wealth left by our ancestors, to cure the poor and dig out the roots of the poor, and hand over a satisfactory answer to the times and the people .
Li Yu said that it is necessary to further clarify the goals and tasks of poverty alleviation in the Chinese medicinal materials industry, promote the combination of authentic variety leadership and quality improvement, do a good job in Chinese medicinal materials planting and agricultural technology services, promote the docking of Chinese medicinal materials production and sales, and coordinate and expand sales channels.
Optimize the regional layout and adhere to the concept of "authentic"; promote the construction of demonstration bases and customized pharmaceutical gardens, and carry out the pilot construction of the traceability system for the whole process of Chinese medicinal materials; strict project management, promote the rapid development of the Chinese medicine industry, and contribute to the fight against poverty New power.
In fact, under the promotion of many parties, local TCM poverty alleviation is obviously more targeted.
The Sichuan Provincial Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine previously stated that Sichuan Province is deploying across the territory to promote the revitalization of Sichuan medicine.
A special fund of 50 million yuan for the development of the Chinese medicine industry is arranged every year to support the development of the Chinese medicine industry, establish a cooperative promotion mechanism for production, study, research and use, conduct systematic research and comprehensive development, research and develop Chinese medicine health products with great market potential, and make every effort to do Chinese medicine The development of the entire industry chain.
In Guizhou, according to incomplete statistics, as of December 2019, the province’s planting area of Chinese medicinal materials reached 6.569 million mu, with an annual output of 1.931 million tons, more than 3,000 large-scale medicinal materials companies, and a total output value of Chinese medicinal materials of 16.08 billion yuan, which has driven The poverty population is 267,000.
In the next step, Guizhou will make every effort to promote the implementation of the province's traditional Chinese medicine (big health) e-commerce platform, build a core engine that runs through the entire industry chain, and empower the high-quality development of the Chinese medicine industry; make good use of existing industrial tools, such as "customized medicine parks" ", domestic and foreign pharmaceutical expo, gradually promote the development of the traditional Chinese medicine industry in the province.
Heilongjiang will focus on sending "technology" and will support and guide large pharmaceutical companies inside and outside the province to build customized medicine gardens in Heilongjiang, increase the base planting rate of Chinese medicinal materials, and encourage the establishment of Chinese medicinal materials primary processing and extract production enterprises in Heilongjiang to improve Chinese medicinal materials products Added value.
(Reported by reporter Liang Qian butuo)