The number of applicants exceeds one million, but some schools have under-recruitment phenomenon——

  Is "Strong Gee Project" really cold?

  Guo Hengyang, a freshman in the "Strong Foundation Class" of the Chemistry College of a university in Beijing, has liked chemistry since he was a child. His dream is to develop better and more durable "interface materials", "used for aerospace and civil applications, such as the National Grand Theater. Kinds of materials".

Guo Hengyang said: "When we were in middle school, the teacher told us that we encountered some sophisticated technical problems. The reason for the "stuck neck" is often due to the weakness of the basic fields. The foundation is not strong, and the ground is shaking. I choose basic subjects. For this reason."

  Take this school as an example. This year, there are 25 people from 21 provinces in the "Strong Basic Class" of the School of Chemistry. This is the first "Dream Team" with high expectations. 10 people have won provincial awards in the Olympic Chemistry Competition, and 2 people have won provincial awards in the Olympic Biology Competition.

  However, as soon as the "Dream Team" set off, the voice of discussion appeared.

With the opening of colleges and universities, the "Strong Foundation Project" has appeared in the public opinion field from time to time with "unfinished recruitment", "burning the stove" and other voices-"Abandoned exam candidates" "Even Peking University recruits dissatisfied students" "Many schools can only digest internally"...

  As the first national plan that may bring about a "point-reduction effect" after the cancellation of independent enrollment, and as a talent training plan "oriented to basic disciplines and serving the national strategy", its importance and determination to recruit talents from all over the world are self-evident.

For the first time to test the waters, is the strong base plan "cold" or "hot"?

Take the first step, what have you gained, and what are the points worth paying attention to?

Reporters walked into colleges and universities to see where the "strong foundation" is and how to become stronger.

 Is the "Strong Base Project" "cold" or "hot"

  After the cancellation of the independent enrollment policy, the "strong base plan" is almost seamless.

It mainly selects and trains students who are interested in serving the country's major strategic needs and who have excellent comprehensive qualities or top-notch basic subjects.

Focus on key areas such as high-end chips and software, smart technology, new materials, advanced manufacturing and national security, as well as the humanities and social sciences where the country is in short supply of talents.

  In the first year, pilot projects were carried out in 36 top universities.

Its requirements are college entrance examination results plus school entrance examination results and comprehensive evaluation, among which the college entrance examination results shall not be less than 85%.

  Entering September, what has attracted attention along with the opening of the new students is people's attention to the progress of the "Strong Foundation Project".

Somewhat unexpectedly, the argument that the "Strong Foundation Project" was cold in the first year began to raging. The main reasons were: "a lot of students abandon the exam", "candidates participated in the school exam, but found empty classrooms" and "after the start of some colleges and universities" Start to carry out supplementary enrollment among freshmen".

  Is the "Strong Base Project" really cold?

The reporter found in the investigation that there are indeed some schools that are under-recruited, but it is not prominent.

Zhang Lin, a freshman in the "Strong Basic Class" of ancient philology in a college, told reporters: "In our school, it is true that a small number of people did not take the school exam. There may be many reasons. But it is unreasonable to say that a large number of people abandon the exam. "Strong Foundation Project" are all super-first-class universities. How can such a school fail to recruit people?"

  The reporter investigated a university in Beijing on the spot. This school plans to recruit 150 "strong base" students this year, and about 130 people will participate in the school exam. This shows that almost 20 people have "abandoned the exam" and the plan has not yet been completed.

Seeing this, everyone may directly conclude that the "Strong Base Project" is cold.

However, let us look back at the total number of people who signed up for the "Strong Foundation Project" of this university. The reporter checked the original data and found that the total number of people who signed up for the "Strong Foundation Project" of this university was 38,656, and the proportion of shortlisted students was as high as 258: 1. At this moment, can it be said to be a "cold stove"?

  According to the university data that has announced the number of applicants, there are about 6,000 "Strong Foundation Program" places nationwide this year, and the number of applicants is at least one million. It is roughly estimated that only four or five outstanding candidates out of 10,000 candidates can be selected. In the future, the "Strong Base Project" cannot be called "Yu Leng" in any case, but "hot" or even "explosive."

"Alternating hot and cold" stems from the "double insurance" mentality

  Under the premise that the "Strong Foundation Project" opened in the early stage, the "heat" dropped sharply after entering the school exam, and some students abandoned the exam in various schools.

Why do these candidates hesitate after walking through the single-plank bridge?

  It is natural to "hesitate" and "hesitate" between multiple choices.

  The reporter learned that in many provinces, the scores of the "Strong Base Project" for the source of students have exceeded the school's score for admissions in the province.

The right to choose is now in the hands of the candidates, and the hesitation mainly comes from the comparison of "unpopular" and "popular" majors.

Prior to this, Zhong Fangrong chose a relatively unpopular major in archaeology and became the subject of many media reports, which shows that his choice is not easy.

Liu Yingruo, a student of the "Strong Foundation Class" of the Chemistry College of a Beijing University, said frankly that perhaps every student who received the entrance ticket to the "Strong Foundation Project" had faced the test of Zhong Fangrong's heart. People at war".

Guo Hengyang told reporters that he had made up his mind to "fight for the ideal and sit on the bench".

  Liu Yingruo also wavered.

She told reporters that she was a candidate from Guangdong. The major that her parents wanted her to choose most was teacher training, but she was interested in chemistry and had applied for online chemistry classes in high school.

"Guangdong is a volunteer for Zhifenbao. In fact, my college entrance examination score is very high. According to this score, I can choose a major in the same colleges and universities. I can take all popular majors and majors with good employment prospects. At that time, I also I have thought about whether to give up the'Strong Foundation Class' and apply for a more'popular' college or major. I have also heard about other students giving up. But then I thought about it and became a source of students for the'Strong Foundation Project' The teachers equipped are the best, and the professional hot and cold are all temporary. With a solid foundation in the basic fields, it may be possible to go further in the future." Liu Yingruo said.

  In addition to the hesitation between majors, as an examinee, Liu Yingruo believes that there is another reason why the "Strong Base Project" encounters "hot and cold alternation". "When the "Strong Base Project" just started registration, no conditions were set. All candidates You can take the test. Everyone thinks that in case your favorite school fails to pass the test, you will have a chance to "drop a few points" to enter the school. So they flocked to the school, but this will raise the score of the school test. Those who enter the school are all high-scoring candidates, and high-scoring candidates have more choices, so there may be some giving up."

  This view is corroborated by Li Liguo, a professor at the School of Education of Renmin University of China.

"Many students, out of consideration of'alternative'dual insurance' when registering in the early stage, think that there is one more way and one more guarantee. Only when they enter the school exam according to 1:4 or 1:5, they start to really consider their majors In this way, candidates who are ranked according to their scores may not really love basic subjects, are really interested in basic subjects or have specialties. Therefore, I think that some conditions should be set when registering, such as basic subjects such as physics and chemistry. The usual results." Li Liguo said.

 "Strong Foundation Project" shouldn't just be a matter of universities

  Maybe the students who really love related basic subjects have missed the opportunity in the double election which is too free.

Li Liguo said that when the system is designed, it is possible to lean towards children with special skills in basic subjects.

  "The range of score reduction can be larger, or even lower than the key line. But we need to increase some standards, such as mathematics, you can require candidates to score in the top 1% of the province in mathematics, so that we can select children who really match the majors ." Li Liguo said.

  Since independent enrollment is almost seamless, the "Strong Base Program" will inevitably be compared once it is launched.

The reporter noticed that, in fact, the independent enrollment policy is a talent selection policy, but the “Strong Base Plan” is actually a talent training plan. Its focus is on the training after the selection. At present, all schools have issued policies for “strong bases”. The training program of the “Basic Plan” for students, such as integrated training of undergraduate, master and doctoral degree, one-to-one tutorial system, etc.

  Meng Bin, secretary of the Party branch and deputy dean of Mingde College of Renmin University of China, talked about her thinking.

Mingde College has three majors to recruit students from the "Strong Foundation Project", namely Paleographology, History and Philosophy.

"In terms of resource allocation, multi-disciplinary coordination, and training of undergraduates, masters and doctors, the'Strong Base Program' has its own unique characteristics. After the strict selection of the college entrance examination, colleges and universities will continue to follow up on the'Strong Base Plan' students will continue to conduct regular assessments. Moreover, the assessment is not only credits, it examines many aspects such as interest, quality, potential, etc., to give students a peace of mind to engage in academic environment. During the training process, a scientific dynamic selection and entry mechanism will also be set up, so that more suitable students have the opportunity to participate Come in." Meng Bin told reporters.

  In the process of training, the college also has its own problems.

The reporter learned that many colleges and universities are facing this problem. In addition to the "Strong Base Plan", the college's talent training program also includes the "Top Innovative Talent Cultivation" plan, as well as the broad-calibre and thick-foundation general admission plan.

Under the resource allocation of the policy, between the plan and the plan, are these students integrated or separated, and how are the teachers distinguished?

They are all directions that should be further sorted out.

  At the end of the interview, Chu Zhaohui, a researcher at the Chinese Academy of Educational Sciences, told reporters that selecting aspiring, interested, and gifted children is not just a matter for high schools and universities.

He believes that the baton of the college entrance examination should play a better role.

"Previously, Zhejiang's system reform in the new college entrance examination scores has reduced the number of candidates for physics. Recently, another province has dropped 20 points in the scores of physics and chemistry subjects in the high school entrance examination. This starts from the high school entrance examination. , There may be some children's enthusiasm for their investment in basic subjects. The'Strong Foundation Project' is not only a matter of college, it is the whole process of a child's growth and talent. There should be a package plan for elementary school, junior high school, high school, and university. These These are all topics to be studied in the future."

  (Our reporter Yao Xiaodan)