China News Service, Beijing, September 21 (Reporter Li Yanan) China is gradually entering an aging society, and the incidence and prevalence of osteoporosis have increased significantly.
At the Healthy China Talk-2020 Fracture Prevention Conference held in Beijing recently, experts pointed out that for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, the most important thing is to prevent the first fracture. Shorter height and back pain all require medical treatment. signal of.
Healthy China Talk-The 2020 Anti-Fracture Conference was held in Beijing recently. The Osteoporosis and Bone Mineral Salt Branch of the Chinese Medical Association officially announced the 2020 World Osteoporosis Day China theme as "Strong bones and stay away from fractures."
Professor Zhang Zhenlin, chairman of the Osteoporosis and Bone Mineral Salt Branch of the Chinese Medical Association, said that China is gradually entering an aging society. Osteoporosis is like hypertension and diabetes, and its incidence and prevalence have increased significantly.
The first epidemiological survey of osteoporosis in China showed that the prevalence rate of elderly women over 65 was 51.6% and that of men was 10.7%.
Osteoporosis patients are extremely high-risk groups of fragility fractures, or they will face the threat of multiple fragility fractures of the hip, wrist, and vertebral body.
The so-called fragility fracture is a fracture caused by standing height and a lower part of the fall. In severe cases, sometimes a cough can cause a vertebral body fracture.
At the same time, in addition to the vertebral body, fractures of the distal radius and hip often occur.
Fragility fractures have a high disability fatality rate. After a hip fracture, 1 in 5 people die within 1 year.
Professor Zhang Zhenlin said: “For the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, I think the most important thing is to prevent the first fracture, because osteoporosis can cause multiple fractures, vertebral or hip fractures, and distal radius fractures often give An individual's health will be affected, and it will also bring a serious economic burden to the family and society."
Professor Zhang Zhenlin suggested that the public should eat a balanced diet, exercise moderately, and develop a healthy lifestyle. Once osteoporosis is found, effective treatment should be carried out in time to avoid the threat of fracture.
In the online session of the Fracture Prevention Conference, many experts from the perspective of the whole life cycle of osteoporosis and fragility fracture prevention, treatment and management, to popularize detailed bone health knowledge to the public.
Professor Li Mei, deputy director of the Endocrinology Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, said that bone health protection runs through the entire life cycle, with a balanced diet, adequate light, and promoting a healthy lifestyle, and taking medication when necessary.
Professor Zhang Zhenlin suggested that the key to osteoporosis prevention is early diagnosis. Shorter height and lower back pain are all signs that you need to see a doctor; you should do the first bone density test after the age of 40, and once a year after the age of 50. Only one's own bone mass level can achieve early diagnosis and early treatment.
Professor Xue Qingyun, director of the Department of Orthopedics at Beijing Hospital, pointed out that it is important for people of different age groups to maintain moderate exercise.
Both children and adults should maintain good exercise methods and habits. Active exercise can promote muscle and bone growth.
Middle-aged and elderly people need to exercise more, by improving muscle mass, maintaining more bone mass, and gradually increasing the reaction ability, thereby preventing falls and reducing the occurrence of fractures.
From the perspective of treatment, Professor Xia Weibo, director of the Endocrinology Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, emphasized that fracture patients must seek medical treatment in a timely and correct manner and be actively treated with effective anti-osteoporosis drugs.
Bai Yansong, a commentator on CCTV and a publicist of the China Health Knowledge Dissemination Incentive Program, put forward three suggestions to the public.
The first is to recognize, understand, and value bone diseases, which is the first step in treatment and prevention.
Second, we must spread the correct knowledge of prevention and treatment.
Third, preventing falls is of great significance for middle-aged and elderly people.
Square dancing, redecorating the home environment of the elderly, and wearing suitable shoes are all helpful to prevent falls and fractures caused by them.
According to reports, this conference is an important part of the 2020 China Health Knowledge Dissemination Incentive Program.
The Chinese Health Knowledge Dissemination Incentive Program is a health dissemination project jointly initiated and directed by the National Health Commission's Disease Control Bureau, the China Health Education Center, and the Office of the Chinese Association of Recorders. It has been in operation for 15 years.
In 2020, the project will carry out a series of disease prevention and control projects such as healthy bones, diabetes prevention and control, cardiovascular disease prevention and control, and enjoy a healthy life. At the same time, it will focus on creating a series of joint releases and online live broadcasts of "Healthy China".