Chinanews, September 19, title: "Ecological Technology" Elements in China's Seventh Largest Desert

  China News Service reporter Li Aiping

  "The Kubuqi Desert, which has been treated for more than 30 years, is introducing more'ecological technology' elements." On the 19th, Zhang Jishu said in an interview with reporters, "? The high-tech sand control will become the trend of sand control in the future."

  Zhang Jishu is the president of the Kubuqi Desert Sand Control Enterprise Yili Desert Research Institute. The Kubuqi Desert he referred to is located in Ordos City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. The desert is the seventh largest desert in China with a total area of ​​about 18,600 square kilometers.

  Public information shows that in the past 30 years, officials in Ordos City, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, sand control enterprises, farmers and herdsmen have worked together to turn the Kubuqi Desert into an oasis. What surprised the outside world was that this desert was also covered. Star-rated hotels and lakes in the desert have become tourist destinations for Chinese and foreign tourists.

The picture shows the Desert Research Institute.

Photo by Pengfei

  Meng Ke, a local citizen, told reporters that in the past, the control of deserts relied more on planting trees and grasses, but the current sand control model has been changed, and technological elements such as big data have been introduced.

  Zhang Jishu said that relying on the accumulation of ecological big data for more than 30 years, local sand control enterprises have launched key technology platforms that serve the ecological industry service business with the application of technologies such as the Internet of Things, the Internet, big data, and artificial intelligence as their main directions.

  All this can be illustrated by related cases.

  The reporter learned during the interview that in recent years, local sand control companies have used desert ecological big data to deploy many advanced technologies in China’s five major sand areas (Kubuqi, Ulan Buhe, Tengger, Taklimakan, and Hunshandake). Sensors collect temperature, humidity, light, wind speed and other indicators in real time and return to the enterprise ecological big data platform to provide guidance for digital desert governance.

  "We also use remote sensing technology to accurately identify Kubuqi-like areas in China's desertification areas, and implement the Kubuqi model accurately according to the model of'small-scale trial planting, large-scale promotion, and real-time monitoring of big data'." Zhang Jishu told the media reporter who came to interview.

  In contrast to big data sand control, the new model of Internet tree planting launched by local sand control enterprises.

  "We use the Internet, big data, blockchain and other new technologies to create a new tree planting model of'buy online, plant offline, and watch online'." Zhang Jishu revealed that it is currently in the Kubuqi Desert, Ulan Bu and Desert. Other places have first-class seedling resources, and through third-party trading platforms, fast and convenient online transactions are realized.

  "What's even more amazing is that we use blockchain technology to make transactions more real, more transparent, and more open; while wireless video technology can provide real-time images of forest growth, making it visible, knowable and controllable." Zhang Jishu said. .

  According to the news obtained by the reporter from the Hangjin Banner government in Ordos City, the sand control enterprise built the largest in Northwest China in the Kubuqi Desert in 2015 on the basis of the protection, introduction, domestication, and development of desert germplasm resources in the past 30 years. Germplasm bank.

The picture shows the Desert Research Institute.

Photo by Pengfei

  According to reports, the germplasm resource bank has protected and cultivated 1,040 cold-tolerant, drought-tolerant, and salt-tolerant germplasm resources, including medicinal plants, sand shrubs, rare and endangered plants, sand herbs, and ecological restoration plants.

At present, the company has introduced plants to Xinjiang, Tibet and other places, and the average survival rate of planting and winter preservation have reached more than 75%.

  Analysts said that the restoration, protection and scientific research and development of biodiversity in desertified areas in China will protect biodiversity, promote the sustainable use of biodiversity components, and share the commercial benefits of genetic resources in a fair and reasonable manner. Make new contributions.

  Inner Mongolia economist Gai Zhiyi believes that technological innovation is the forerunner of controlling deserts and developing ecological industry services in Inner Mongolia, China. The biggest benefit is that it can restore desert land on a large scale and systematically, increase the value-added benefits of land restoration, introduce green industries, and achieve The integration of ecological restoration and green industry.