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is at the top of the list of European countries with the most under-qualified young people.

30% of boys and girls between 25 and 34 years old do not have a




Vocational Training



The percentage doubles the 15% achieved on average in the

Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

This international body expressly mentions Spain in its annual

Panorama de la Educación report

due to the lack of training of our young people.

Remember that this training level has become "the minimum requirement to move in the modern economy".

"Young people who drop out of school before finishing upper secondary not only face difficulties in the labor market," she warns, "but also tend to be less socially connected than their more qualified peers."

Spain is at the level of







It is true that we have improved since 2009 (when the proportion reached 35%), but there are countries like


that throughout this decade have dropped from 52% to 25%.

It so happens that the educational systems that stand out the most in the main international rankings are those that also manage to retain their students for longer in school.


South Korea

, only 2% do not continue their studies beyond compulsory education.

Spain is also the second country behind




, with 22% of young people neither studying nor working compared to 15% in the OECD.

We are better than in 2009 (26%), but the data is worrying if we take into account that the generation of those now between 25 and 35 years old is the one that, during the years of the economic crisis, was at the perfect age to train and did not.

The data comes from the OECD's annual educational report, half a thousand pages full of statistics on education in about fifty countries that have been presented this Tuesday in the main cities of the world.

This edition is dedicated to VET, a field in which Spain, although it has improved a lot in recent generations, still has a long way to go.

Because, despite the fact that this training solution is presented as an escape route to unemployment, here only 28% of students choose it, compared to 32% of the average for countries.

Of all upper secondary school students in the OECD, 42% choose VET, compared to only 36% in Spain.

In addition, 27% Spanish students usually opt for arts and humanities modules, a very high percentage compared to that of our neighbors (6%) and which shows that here young people study more what they like than what has more opportunities labor.

That is the first problem.

But there is more.

Because Spanish VET studies are very impractical (only 3% of students follow programs that combine theory with work experience, compared to 34% on average) and they have few gateways that allow them to subsequently access university (59 % vs. 70%).

Furthermore, while in other countries the salary of a FP graduate earns the same as a Baccalaureate, here the salaries are still lower.

But the OECD warns that this training path offers more job opportunities than the academic one.

If 66% of young Spaniards between 25 and 34 years old with a Baccalaureate degree have a job, this percentage rises to 75% in the case of those who have completed FP.

Longer closed during Covid

The report uses data from 2019 and takes a closer look at the impact that Covid-19 has had on education.

But it does say that Spanish schools closed on March 16 in a generalized way and "opened progressively from June 2".

This reopening, in fact, took place in a very minority way, only for students in the last stages, such as 4th of ESO or 2nd of Bachillerato, to review content or prepare for Selectivity on a voluntary basis.

In any case, the report highlights that Spain stayed for 16 weeks with schools closed, more than the average 14 weeks for the countries.

"After mid-April, some OECD countries gradually began to reopen schools at some levels. By the end of May, more than two months after the closure began in most countries, schools were reopened by two-thirds of the countries, "he says.

It explains that Spanish students have 23 hours a week of classes in Primary and 30 hours in Secondary, which makes a total of 368 contact hours lost in the first stage and 480 in the second.


The report reviews the different programs that the countries implemented during confinement to provide distance training.

She indicates that some carried educational content on television and warns that, "despite their advantages, these broadcasts may be limited, covering only a few subjects due to the time devoted to these programs."

"For example, two channels in Spain covered one subject a day (Language, Mathematics, Social, Natural and Art or Physical Education) during one hour of education," he says.

For the return to class, the OECD recalls that "small groups may have an easier time applying the new social distance restrictions".

In Spain the ratio is 21 students per classroom in Primary (the same as the average) and 25 in ESO (23 in the OECD).

The report brings out the colors for the lower investment in education (4.3% of GDP, 0.6 percentage points less than the average) and once again emphasizes youth unemployment and the training deficits of our young people as the main ballast to get out of the economic crisis that is upon us.

In 2019, 23% of young people without a Baccalaureate or equivalent were unemployed, compared to 12% of those who had completed higher education.

According to the criteria of The Trust Project

Know more

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