(In-depth study and implementation of Xi Jinping's thoughts on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era)
Leading the construction of a beautiful China with Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought
——In-depth study of the third volume of "Xi Jinping on State Administration"
The publication and distribution of the third volume of "Xi Jinping on State Administration" is of great significance for promoting the broad masses of party members, cadres and the masses to learn and understand and practice in the new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics in Jinping. We must study well and use the third volume of "Xi Jinping on State Governance" as a major political task, and learn, understand, and implement together with Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization thought and General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important instructions. , Apply what you have learned and work hard, resolutely win the battle against pollution, vigorously promote the construction of ecological civilization, and strive to create a beautiful China with green mountains, green waters, and fresh air, so that the people can see the mountains and see. See the water, remember the homesickness, and live and live in a beautiful ecological environment.
In-depth study and comprehend important expositions on ecological civilization construction and ecological environmental protection in the third volume of "Xi Jinping on State Administration"
The third volume of "Xi Jinping on State Governance" vividly records a series of important expositions issued by General Secretary Xi Jinping since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in the great practice of leading and promoting new and major progress in various undertakings of the Party and the country. The authoritative work that systematically reflects Xi Jinping’s socialist thoughts with Chinese characteristics in the new era. Among them, General Secretary Xi Jinping put forward a series of new concepts, new thoughts and strategies for the construction of ecological civilization and ecological environmental protection, which enriches, expands and deepens Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization thoughts with the times, and provides important tasks for the ecological environmental protection work in the new era. Guidelines and fundamental follow.
Persist in strengthening the party's leadership, and earnestly assume the political responsibility for ecological and environmental protection. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: “The ecological environment is a major political issue related to the mission and purpose of the party, and it is also a major social issue related to people’s livelihood.” In recent years, China’s ecological civilization construction and ecological environmental protection have made historic achievements and undergone historic changes. The most fundamental thing is to have General Secretary Xi Jinping at the helm, the authority of the Party Central Committee and centralized leadership, and the scientific guidance of Xi Jinping’s thoughts on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era and Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological civilization. It is necessary to continuously improve the political position, strengthen the "four consciousnesses", strengthen the "four self-confidence", and achieve the "two maintenance", resolutely shoulder the political responsibility of ecological civilization construction, and ensure the implementation of the Party Central Committee's decision-making and deployment on ecological environment protection. Really.
Implement the new development concept, and coordinate to promote high-quality economic development and high-level protection of the ecological environment. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains. This profoundly reveals the dialectical and unified relationship between ecological environment protection and economic and social development, clarifies that protecting the ecological environment means protecting productivity, and improving the ecological environment means developing productivity. It enriches and expands the connotation of the basic principles of Marxist productivity. An important part of the new development concept. We must firmly establish and practice the concept that green waters and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains, adhere to the ecological priority and unswerving path of green development, and promote the formation of a new pattern of modernization in the harmonious development of man and nature.
Adhere to the people-centered approach to meet the people's growing needs for a beautiful ecological environment. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized: "A good ecological environment is the most inclusive livelihood and welfare of the people", "Environment is people's livelihood, green mountains are beautiful, and blue sky is also happiness", "Developing economy is for people's livelihood, and protecting the ecological environment is also for people's livelihood." These important statements clarify the important position of the ecological environment in the improvement of people's livelihood and are a positive response to the people's growing need for a beautiful ecological environment. We must adhere to the people-centered development concept, speed up the improvement of the quality of the ecological environment, provide more high-quality ecological products, and return the people to the blue sky and white clouds, the twinkling of stars, the clear water and the green banks, the shallow fishes, the fragrance of birds and the pastoral scenery.
Coordinate the management of landscapes, forests, fields, lakes and grasses, and carry out ecological civilization construction in accordance with the integrity, system, and internal laws of the ecosystem. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that ecology is a unified natural system, an organic chain of interdependence and close connection; mountains, rivers, forests, fields, lakes and grasses are the life community, and this life community is the material basis for human survival and development. These important expositions provide important ideological theories and methodology for advancing the construction of ecological civilization. This requires that we must promote ecological environmental governance from a systematic engineering and overall perspective, make overall plans, take overall measures, and implement multiple measures simultaneously, carry out ecological civilization construction in an all-round, all-regional, and whole-process, and promote the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. To promote the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin, we must "work together to do a good job in major protection and coordinate to promote major governance."
Improve the ecological civilization system and improve the efficiency of ecological environment governance. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: “The protection of the ecological environment must rely on the system and the rule of law” and “let the system become a rigid constraint and an untouchable high-tension line”. The construction of an ecological civilization system is an important part of upholding and improving the socialist system with Chinese characteristics, and advancing the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities. It is necessary to accelerate the construction of an ecological environmental protection system featuring source prevention, process control, damage compensation, and accountability, as well as a modern environmental governance system involving party committee leadership, government leadership, business entities, social organizations, and the public, and transform building a beautiful China into a conscious action by all people .
Conspire to build a global ecological civilization and participate deeply in the governance of the global ecological environment. General Secretary Xi Jinping pointed out: “Building a beautiful home is the common dream of mankind. Faced with the challenges of the ecological environment, mankind is a community of shared future where all prosperity and damage are lost. No country can stand alone.” “Accelerating the construction of an ecosystem that respects nature and green development. ". The world today is facing major changes unseen in a century. The new crown pneumonia epidemic is spreading globally, protectionism and unilateralism are on the rise, and the trend of anti-globalization has intensified, which has adversely affected the global ecological environment. We must uphold the concept of a community with a shared future for mankind, resolutely safeguard multilateralism, participate constructively in global environmental governance, and contribute Chinese wisdom and Chinese solutions to the realization of global sustainable development.
Significant progress has been made in building a beautiful China since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China
Since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee with Comrade Xi Jinping at its core, and under the guidance of Xi Jinping's thoughts on ecological civilization, my country's ecological civilization construction has achieved remarkable results, the quality of the ecological environment has improved significantly, and the construction of a beautiful China has taken solid steps. Compared with 2015, the proportion of sections with good surface water quality across the country increased by 8.9 percentage points in 2019, and the proportion of sections with inferior grade V decreased by 6.3 percentage points; the average annual concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in cities at the prefecture level and above dropped by 23.1% , The proportion of good days per year in 337 cities at prefecture-level and above reached 82%.
The strategic deployment has been continuously strengthened, and the awareness of ecological and environmental protection in the whole society has been comprehensively improved. The Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China regards the harmonious coexistence of man and nature as one of the basic strategies for adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, pollution prevention as one of the three major battles that must be fought to build a well-off society in all respects, and building a beautiful China The goal of building a modern and powerful socialist country, and adding "enhancing the consciousness that green waters and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains" has been added to the party constitution. The constitutional amendment passed in March 2018 incorporated ecological civilization into the constitution, achieving a high degree of unification of the party's proposition, the will of the country, and the will of the people. Xi Jinping's thoughts on ecological civilization are deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, and the concept of "green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains" has become the consensus and action of the whole party and society.
High-quality economic development has been steadily advancing, and resource and energy utilization efficiency has continued to improve. Actively promote the adjustment of industrial structure, cultivate and expand emerging industries, transform and upgrade traditional industries, eliminate outdated production capacity, and comprehensively rectify "scattered and polluted" enterprises and clusters. The energy structure continued to be optimized. Clean energy accounted for 23.4% of my country's energy consumption, and coal consumption dropped to 57.7%. Positive progress has been made in the adjustment of the transportation structure, and the coal transportation collection and drainage ports in the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region have realized "return to rail". The utilization efficiency of my country's energy, water, and mineral resources has been comprehensively improved. As of the end of 2019, carbon dioxide emissions per unit of GDP have been reduced by 48.1% compared with 2005, and the goal of reducing 40%-45% in 2020 has been achieved ahead of schedule.
Pollution control has continued to increase, and the people's sense of gain has increased significantly. Resolutely fight to defend the blue sky, clear water, and pure land. Continue to carry out the comprehensive management of air pollution in key areas in autumn and winter. Pilot cities for clean heating in the northern region have achieved full coverage of Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei and surrounding areas and the Fenwei Plain. A total of 10,363 problem rectifications in 2,804 drinking water source areas have been completed, and 86.7% of black and odorous water bodies have been eliminated in urban built-up areas at prefecture level and above. Complete detailed investigation of soil pollution status of agricultural land. Unswervingly prohibiting the entry of foreign waste, the national solid waste import volume decreased by 71% compared with 2016. The people generally feel that the sky is bluer, the water is clearer, and the mountains are greener, and their sense of gain, happiness, and security for improving the quality of the ecological environment have been significantly enhanced.
Ecological protection is advancing steadily, and solid steps have been taken to build a green and beautiful home. Preliminarily delineate the ecological protection red line and promote the evaluation and survey to define the mark. Promote the construction of a natural reserve system with national parks as the main body, and organize the implementation of "Green Shield" natural reserve to strengthen supervision. Actively promote large-scale national land greening activities, steadily promote the construction of 25 pilot projects for ecological protection and restoration of landscapes, forests, fields, lakes and grasses, and steadily promote major biodiversity conservation projects. It has organized and named three batches of 175 national ecological civilization construction model cities and counties, and 52 "green water and green mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains" practice innovation bases.
The reform of the ecological civilization system continues to deepen, and the ability to manage the ecological environment has been significantly enhanced. Establish the Ministry of Ecology and Environment to perform the responsibilities of ecological and urban and rural pollution discharge supervision and administrative law enforcement; Establish the Ministry of Natural Resources to perform all the responsibilities of land and space use control and ecological protection and restoration. Formulate and revise laws and regulations such as the Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Law, the Solid Waste Pollution Prevention and Control Law, and establish a modern environmental governance system, natural resource asset property rights system, ecological environment damage compensation system, and other reform documents or plans are promulgated and implemented, pollution discharge permits, river (lake) chiefs The reform measures such as the management system have been accelerated. The central ecological and environmental protection inspector has become a hard move to promote the implementation of ecological and environmental protection responsibilities in various regions and departments. Strictly enforce environmental supervision and law enforcement, and seriously investigate and deal with cases of ecological and environmental violations, effectively curbing the trend of high incidence of environmental violations.
International cooperation continues to expand, becoming an important participant, contributor, and leader in the construction of global ecological civilization. Earnestly implement multilateral conventions or protocols related to the ecological environment. Vigorously promote the construction of the green "Belt and Road", launch the "Belt and Road" green development international alliance, and release the ecological and environmental protection big data service platform. Successfully held the 2019 World Environment Day global home event. Actively participate in and lead the global climate change negotiation process, promote the achievement of beneficial results for us, and establish the China Office of the Global Adaptation Center. The builders of Saihanba Forest Farm and the Zhejiang "Thousand Village Demonstration and Ten Thousand Village Renovation" project successively won the "Earth Guardian Award", the highest honor of the United Nations for environmental protection.
Strive to create a new situation in the construction of a beautiful China
We must always adhere to the guidance of Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era, and thoroughly study the third volume of "Xi Jinping Talks about Governing the Country", effectively transform the learning results into ideas and measures to promote work, and continuously improve the use of the party’s innovative theoretical guidance. Good ability in ecological and environmental protection work and contribute to building a beautiful China and realizing the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
In-depth study, publicity and implementation of Xi Jinping's ecological civilization thought. As an important part of Xi Jinping’s thoughts on socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological civilization are the total integration of ecological values, epistemology, practice and methodology, and are the general principles, basis and requirements for guiding the construction of ecological civilization. It is necessary to take the in-depth study, publicity and implementation of Xi Jinping’s thoughts on ecological civilization as a long-term important political task, achieve the integration of learning, thinking, use, and unity of knowledge, belief, and conduct, and continuously strengthen political, ideological, and action-consciousness in learning, publicizing and implementing Xi Jinping’s ecological civilization thoughts. Believers, loyal practitioners and tireless strugglers.
Resolutely win the battle against pollution. We always regard winning the battle against pollution prevention as the “big man of the country” in our minds, insisting on the same direction and undiminished efforts, highlighting precision pollution control, scientific pollution control, and pollution control in accordance with the law, so as to ensure that pollution prevention and control will be achieved by the end of 2020. Sexual goals and tasks, adding green background and fineness for building a well-off society in an all-round way. In response to the polluted weather with ozone and PM2.5 as the primary pollutants in summer and autumn and autumn and winter, we will accurately and scientifically implement seasonally differentiated control measures to increase the proportion of days with good air quality and resolutely win the battle against the blue sky. Continue to promote the protection and restoration of the Yangtze River, the comprehensive treatment of the Bohai Sea, the protection of water sources, the treatment of urban black and odorous water bodies, and the treatment of agricultural and rural pollution, and strive to fight the battle for clear water. Strengthen the control and restoration of soil pollution, and the prevention and control of solid waste pollution, and solidly advance the defense of the pure land.
Unswervingly implement the new development concept. Maintain the strategic determination to strengthen the construction of ecological civilization, properly handle the relationship between development and protection, seek a dynamic balance among multiple goals such as environmental benefits, economic benefits, and social benefits, and promote high-quality economic development with high-level protection of the ecological environment. Give full play to the force, guidance, optimization and promotion of ecological and environmental protection, and accelerate the formation of green development methods and lifestyles. Support and serve the implementation of major national strategies such as the development of the Yangtze River Economic Belt, the ecological protection and high-quality development of the Yellow River Basin. Under the premise of normalized epidemic prevention and control, actively serve the "six stability" and "six guarantees", fully implement the "two positive lists" of environmental review approval and supervision and law enforcement, accurately support the resumption of work and production of enterprises, and ensure the stability of the industrial chain supply chain. Promote the integration of the ecological and environmental protection industry with 5G, artificial intelligence, blockchain and other industries, accelerate the formation of new business formats and new kinetic energy, and stimulate new green infrastructure.
Efforts to build an ecological environment governance system. Overall consideration of the requirements for improving the ecological environment during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, taking into account the goal of building a beautiful China in 2035 and even the middle of this century, scientifically planning a major strategy for mid- and long-term ecological environmental protection Promote the implementation of the guidance on the construction of a modern environmental governance system, build a fixed pollution source supervision system with the pollution discharge permit system as the core, and improve the ecological environment monitoring and evaluation system. Support the operation of the National Green Development Fund. Strengthen technological innovation and achievement transformation of ecological environment. Actively promote the formulation and revision of ecological environment laws and regulations, accelerate the establishment of a comprehensive administrative law enforcement system for ecological environment protection, and severely crack down on violations and crimes of the ecological environment that the masses report strongly. Promote the use of modern perception methods and big data to improve the level of ecological environment supervision. Pay close attention to the fields of "one waste, one warehouse and one product" (hazardous waste, tailings pond, chemicals), nuclear and radiation safety, and effectively prevent and resolve ecological and environmental risks.
Deeply participate in global ecological environment governance. Persist in promoting the construction of a community with a shared future for mankind, and regard ecological civilization as an important support for my country to participate in and lead global governance. Strengthen international exchanges and capacity building for contract performance, and promote international exchanges and practical cooperation on ecological and environmental protection. Promote the implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and build a green “Belt and Road”. Implement a national strategy to actively respond to climate change, and promote and guide the establishment of a fair, reasonable, and win-win global climate governance system. Make preparations for the 15th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity. Actively tell the story of China's ecological and environmental protection.
Comprehensively strengthen the party's leadership over the construction of ecological civilization. Continue to carry out central ecological and environmental protection inspections, and further consolidate the ecological environmental protection of local party committees, governments and relevant departments, "Party and government have the same responsibility, and one post has two responsibilities." Promote the implementation of the ecological and environmental protection responsibility list of relevant departments of the central and state agencies, and build a large ecological and environmental protection pattern with joint management and individual responsibility. Implement the "Province (Autonomous Region, Municipality) Pollution Prevention and Control Effectiveness Evaluation Measures", and use the results of the evaluation as an important basis for the comprehensive evaluation, reward, punishment, appointment and removal of the leadership team and leading cadres. Promote the in-depth integration of party building and business work, and accelerate the creation of an ecological and environmental protection iron army.
Author: Department of Ecology Environment Party Group