Employment of poverty alleviation informants, body temperature measurers, drinking water safety supervisors... Under the psychological effects of short-term poverty alleviation, simplicity and effort, some places have developed a variety of poverty alleviation posts that far exceed demand. The good measures that should be used to promote poverty alleviation cannot be turned into a stunner that makes the poverty alleviation targets lose their aspirations and enthusiasm for poverty alleviation. It is strictly forbidden to simply distribute indicators to the poverty alleviation public welfare post, or become an expedient measure of "arranging people".
There are 101 poverty alleviation public welfare posts in one village
A deeply impoverished county in the west currently claims that 11,989 people are employed in poverty alleviation and public welfare posts. There is a poor village in the county. There are 189 poor households in the village, 933 poor people, and 101 poverty alleviation posts.
These positions are basically owned by poor households. There are 63 employment assistance positions such as greening cleaners and information liaison officers, 4 river guards, 21 forest guards, 3 water managers, 2 medical assistants, and land disaster inspections. 1 person and 7 road guards.
The reporter from Banyuetan learned that the monthly salary per person in the poverty alleviation public welfare posts in these villages ranges from 400 yuan to 1,000 yuan, and the funds are mainly provided by the assistance unit.
“Some of the people in these positions are poor laborers with unstable incomes, such as those who are sick at home and cannot go out to work. In some families, both husband and wife may be employed in poverty alleviation public welfare posts.” said a local poverty alleviation official. As long as the income of these poor households meets the standard and there is no risk of stabilizing poverty alleviation, this post can be transferred to others. "Positions are dynamically adjusted. The same position is not always held by a family. After subsequent poverty alleviation, if there is a source of funds, this poverty alleviation public welfare post will provide it."
There were originally 11 cleaners in a village in the southwest region, of which 6 were poor households, and they were responsible for cleaning and sanitation in the village. In accordance with the requirements of superiors, this year the village has added temporary poverty alleviation posts.
This type of position rotates every 3 months, with the first batch of 3 poor workers, the second batch of 2 poor workers, and the third batch of 3 poor workers. "These positions are not of great practical significance, because the cleaning work in the village is mainly done by the original 11 cleaners." The village cadre in the village said that these temporary poverty alleviation posts have a monthly salary of 800 yuan per person.
"We will calculate the income account. Once there is a risk of returning to poverty, arranging poverty alleviation public welfare posts to increase income is an important way." said the village's poverty alleviation cadre.
Droughts and floods guarantee income, poverty alleviation public welfare posts are easy to breed contradictions
Due to "living little, light responsibilities, and profitable", the poverty alleviation and public welfare posts in some places have become "fragrance", and there are even situations of fighting for public welfare posts. In some deeply impoverished areas, even most of the poor people who have the ability to work are included in the poverty alleviation and public welfare posts, and they are "wet rain and dew."
A cadre in a village in southwestern China reported that the number of poverty alleviation posts in the village is mainly the number of guidance issued by the county, even if the village does not require so many poverty alleviation posts, it will not work.
“We generally first identify poor laborers with suitable conditions privately, let them come to the office to talk, and will explain to them not to talk everywhere.” The village cadre in the village said that because the quotas for poverty alleviation and public welfare posts are limited, the quotas will be allocated to them. Whoever becomes a trouble, if not handled properly, it will cause conflicts among poor households.
In addition, poverty alleviation and public welfare posts are easy to foster and support the thinking among poor households. "In fact, many villages don't have so many things, and some poor workers can get money without working." said a poverty alleviation cadre.
Lu Dewen, a researcher at the China Rural Governance Research Center of Wuhan University, believes that the poverty alleviation public welfare posts in some places have changed their tastes. Not only did they fail to meet the original policy intentions, they also gave birth to some bad signs. The poverty alleviation public welfare post is a measure to alleviate poverty. There is no need to set up too much, because the poverty alleviation public welfare post that guarantees income from droughts and floods may make many poor households a special interest group, and it is difficult to "mobilize" this welfare after poverty is eliminated. .
The poverty alleviation public welfare post cannot be used for unspoken rules and cannot be distributed
The reason why the poverty alleviation public welfare post tends to be overrun reflects the mentality of short-term sudden poverty alleviation in some places. Some poverty alleviation cadres confessed that the development of more poverty alleviation public welfare posts is not only less difficult to operate, but also time-saving, worry-free and effective.
When the fight against poverty comes to an end, a hidden rule has emerged or is forming in some places: no longer add qualified villagers as poor households with registered cards, but treat them as marginal households in the village and arrange arrangements for them. They established a poverty alleviation public welfare post to "guarantee" them a stable income.
Front-line poverty alleviation cadres believe that when setting up poverty alleviation public welfare posts, they should not simply save trouble and "distribute indicators", but should coordinate the responsibilities of each post according to actual needs, so that the post setting is reasonable, the post responsibilities are clear, and the village governance is effective. aims.
In addition, in the daily supervision of the situation that “no one cares about whether to go to work or not, and if you do more and less, you can get money”, the daily management of poverty alleviation and public welfare posts should be strengthened to give full play to its due role.
Half a month to talk about reporters: Xiang Dingjie, Li Xiongying and Yang Jing