China News Service, August 10th. According to the website of the National Health Commission, the National Health Commission issued the "Guidelines for the Monitoring and Early Warning of Symptoms of Infectious Diseases in Schools" on the 10th (hereinafter referred to as the "Guidelines"). The "Guide" mentions that the monitoring of symptoms of infectious diseases in schools includes morning and afternoon (evening) examinations, registration and tracking of absences due to illness, and full-day health observation. Understand whether students have symptoms such as fever, cough, headache, sore throat, parotid gland swelling, abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, rash, dizziness, fatigue, conjunctival hyperemia and other symptoms, as well as the time and location of the symptoms. The type of symptom monitoring can be increased or adjusted according to the epidemic situation of infectious diseases.
The "Guide" clearly states that the school has established a leading group for infectious disease symptom monitoring and early warning work with the principal as the first responsible person, and is fully responsible for the school’s infectious disease symptom monitoring and early warning work. The school clarifies the reporter of the epidemic situation of the school infectious disease and the reporter of the symptom monitoring of the class infectious disease. Reporters of infectious disease epidemics in schools are set up in accordance with GB28932, and the report of symptom monitoring of infectious diseases in the class shall be the head teacher or class teacher. The reporter of the infectious disease epidemic situation of the school shall conduct training and assessment for the reporter of the symptom monitoring of infectious diseases in the class every semester, and only those who pass the assessment can undertake the relevant work.
The school implements necessary prevention and control guarantees, including setting up temporary observation places, equipped with disinfection equipment and supplies, and personal protective equipment. Areas where conditions permit should establish an infectious disease symptom monitoring and early warning information system.
In terms of early warning indicators, students with similar symptoms in the same dormitory, same class or same campus within a certain time limit (epidemiological association refers to studying together, living together, or having shared meals, drinking water history or other close contact, etc.) with similar symptoms If the number of cases meets or exceeds the number of cases listed in the table below, it means that the early warning indicators have been reached. Similar symptoms include fever, cough, headache, sore throat, parotid gland enlargement, abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting, skin rash, dizziness, fatigue, conjunctival hyperemia, etc.
The "Guide" mentions that when the early warning indicators of infectious disease symptoms are reached, the school’s infectious disease report person will use the prescribed form to record it, and report the school name, address, contact person, telephone number, and main symptoms of the disease within 2 hours. Basic information such as the number of people, and detailed information such as the name, class, time of onset, hospital visits, and diagnosis results of the sick student are reported within 24 hours.
Reporters of school infectious diseases report to the local disease prevention and control agency by the most convenient means of communication, and at the same time to the education administrative department.
After verifying the early warning indicators of infectious disease symptoms, the school should immediately observe the students who have symptoms and notify their parents. At the same time, they should strengthen environmental ventilation, cleaning and disinfection, and do a good job in the management and control of contact persons, and health education.
When a reported case of an infectious disease occurs, the school should cooperate with the disease prevention and control agency and other departments to do well in case isolation, epidemiological investigation, close contact tracking management, emergency vaccination, disinfection and other prevention and control measures to prevent the spread of infectious disease.
This guide was jointly drafted by the Beijing Municipal Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Anhui Medical University, Beijing Haidian District Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and Beijing Daxing District Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Applicable to all types of primary and secondary schools at all levels. Nursery and kindergarten institutions and ordinary colleges and universities can refer to the implementation, and the school faculty and staff can refer to the implementation of infectious disease symptoms.