Reference News Network August 8 reported that , according to Kyodo News August 7 reported that the Japanese Ministry of Education, "Science and Technology Policy Institute-academic" local time on August 7 announced a reflection of the world of science and technology activities of "Science and Technology Indicators 2020", and said that in terms of the average annual number of papers published in the natural sciences from 2016 to 2018, China surpassed the United States and ranked first in the world for the first time. The grandeur of China's research activities is reflected numerically.
According to reports, Japan ranked fourth. However, compared with the past, the number of papers in China and the United States has increased, and Japan has decreased. According to the analysis of the institute, the research fee of Japanese universities has not increased, the research time of faculty members has decreased, and the number of graduate students studying for doctoral programs has decreased.
In this survey conducted by the institute, the average annual total number of papers is about 1.5 million. In addition, the annual average number of papers calculated by the survey was as follows: China ranked first with 305,927 articles, the United States ranked second with 281,487 articles, Germany ranked third with 67041 articles, and Japan ranked fourth with 64,874 articles.
The report pointed out that China ranked ninth in the world in this indicator 20 years ago, and jumped to second 10 years ago; while Japan ranked second 20 years ago and fell to third 10 years ago.
On the other hand, in terms of the number of citations, the United States ranks first, China ranks second, and Japan ranks ninth in the ranking of papers with high attention.