On August 6, 1990, the United Nations issued a decision to impose stifling economic sanctions on Iraq after its invasion of Kuwait, and its repercussions are still continuing today.

During the years of the embargo - which lasted until the American invasion of the country in 2003 - the Iraqis faced great human suffering due to the country's deprivation of food, medicine and the most basic means of technology, which caused the death of a million and a half million children, and also caused the collapse of the institutions of the Iraqi state.