Let’s talk about heat stroke again in the scorching summer
Heatstroke becomes a common disease after falling into the summer. Data show that if the high temperature weather lasts for 3 days, the number of heatstroke patients will increase. Heat stroke is a severe form of heat stroke. The elderly are at high risk and may affect their heart function or even liver failure. After falling into the vault, high-risk groups must be alert to the occurrence of heat stroke.
Heat injury factors will cause a series of changes after acting on the human body. From mild to severe, it is divided into threatened heat stroke, mild heat stroke and severe heat stroke. The most severe heat stroke is called heat stroke. It refers to the dysfunction of human body temperature regulation caused by thermal injury, excessive heat accumulation in the body, which leads to damage to human tissues and organs. The clinical manifestations are mainly high fever, mental state change and multiple organ damage. Even if some patients are out of life-threatening, they will still have different sequelae.
Inadequate adaptation to high temperature and high humidity is the main cause of disease. In an environment with elevated atmospheric temperature (>32℃), high humidity (>60%) and no wind, long-term work or physical labor without adequate heatstroke prevention and cooling measures, those who lack adaptation to high-heat environments are prone to Heat stroke. The elderly, young, infirm, and people with chronic diseases also occur more frequently. The predisposing factors include: high ambient temperature, the human body obtains heat from the external environment; increased heat production of the human body, such as heavy physical labor, fever, hyperthyroidism, and application of certain drugs; heat dissipation obstacles, such as high humidity, excessive obesity or Poorly penetrating clothes, etc.; sweat gland dysfunction, seen in patients with systemic sclerosis, scarring after extensive skin burns, or congenital sweat gland deficiency.
To stay away from heat stroke, we should avoid physical labor in high temperature and poorly ventilated places, and avoid wearing airtight clothes. You must pay attention to the time of outdoor exercise in the hot summer. Do not exercise when the sun is the strongest and the sun is strongest. You can choose to exercise in the morning or when the sun is setting, but also pay attention to not climbing or running for a long time. If you sweat a lot in summer, you must drink plenty of water to replenish the water lost in the body. You can drink light salt water appropriately to avoid electrolyte disorders in the body caused by a lot of sweating. Once sweating profusely or in a trance, you should immediately escape the summer heat and call for help. In the event of a coma, the unconscious patient should be lifted to a cool and ventilated place with the head tilted to the side to prevent vomiting and suffocation. At the same time, pour cold water to lower the body temperature, untie the clothes and fan, monitor the change in body temperature, and immediately send to the hospital for cooling and fluid resuscitation Don't delay the treatment time when waiting for rescue treatment.
(Source: Popular Science China)