Jerusalem was occupied by the British army in December 1917, a month after the Balfour Declaration was issued.

In 1922, the League of Nations granted Britain the right to delegate to Palestine, and the mandate continued until its end in 1948, and at that time the number of Jews increased significantly and their power increased.

Immediately after the end of the Mandate, the Zionist gangs declared Israel and West Jerusalem as their capital, and 84% of the city was occupied.

The occupation increased the number of Jews and reduced the number of Arabs, as 12 settlements were established, while the eastern part of the holy city was governed by Jordan, the most prominent of which was the Old City, the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the Dome of the Rock, and the Church of the Holy Sepulcher. 1967.