At 9 am on May 22, the third meeting of the 13th National People's Congress held an opening meeting in the Great Hall of the People. Premier Li Keqiang of the State Council made a government work report.
Li Keqiang: Increasing the implementation of macro policies, focusing on stabilizing enterprises and ensuring employment
Li Keqiang: To ensure employment and people's livelihood, we must stabilize hundreds of millions of market players and try our best to help enterprises, especially small, medium, and micro enterprises, and individual industrial and commercial households overcome difficulties.
Li Keqiang: Increase tax and fee reduction efforts. Strengthen the phased policy, combined with institutional arrangements, release water to raise fish, and help the market main body rescue and development. This year, the system of lowering the value-added tax rate and enterprise pension insurance rate will continue to be implemented, and tax cuts and fees will be reduced by about 500 billion yuan. The policy of tax reduction and fee reduction due before June was introduced in the early stage, including exemption of small and medium-sized enterprise pension, unemployment and industrial injury insurance unit contributions, reduction and exemption of small-scale taxpayers VAT, exemption of public transportation, catering accommodation, tourism and entertainment, culture Sports and other services value-added tax, civil aviation development fund, port construction fee reduction and exemption, the implementation period all extended to the end of this year. Income tax payment for small and micro enterprises and individual industrial and commercial households will be postponed until next year. It is estimated that the annual burden reduction for enterprises will exceed 2.5 trillion yuan. It is necessary to resolutely apply the tax reduction and fee reduction policies to enterprises, to stay in the mountains and win the future.
Li Keqiang: Promote the reduction of production and operating costs of enterprises. The policy of reducing industrial and commercial electricity prices by 5% was extended to the end of this year. The average tariff for broadband and dedicated lines is reduced by 15%. Reduce and exempt state-owned real estate rents, encourage all types of landlords to reduce or reduce rents, and give policy support Resolutely rectify illegal charges involving enterprises.
Li Keqiang: Strengthen financial support for stable enterprises. The loan repayment policy for small and medium-sized enterprises will be extended to the end of March next year. The loans for inclusive small and micro enterprises should be extended as much as possible, and loans for other difficult enterprises should be negotiated. Encourage banks to substantially increase credit loans, first loans, and non-repayment loans for small and micro enterprises. Significantly expand the coverage of government financing guarantees and significantly reduce fee rates. The growth rate of inclusive small and micro enterprise loans of large commercial banks is higher than 40%. Support enterprises to expand bond financing. Strengthen supervision to prevent arbitrage of funds "idling". Financial institutions and loan companies coexist and prosper, encouraging banks to make reasonable profits. In order to protect market players, the availability of loans to SMEs must be significantly improved, and the cost of comprehensive financing must be significantly reduced.
Li Keqiang: Do everything possible to stabilize and expand employment. Strengthen employment support for key industries and key groups. There are 8.74 million college graduates this year. To promote market-oriented social employment, universities and territorial governments must provide continuous employment services. Do job security for retired soldiers. Implement the policy that migrant workers enjoy employment services equally in the place of employment. Help disabled people, zero-employment families and other difficult groups find employment. Hundreds of millions of flexible employees, including odd jobs, have implemented a policy of voluntary deferral of social insurance premiums for low-income workers this year, and administrative fees related to employment have all been eliminated. The subsidy is for training to stabilize jobs. This year and next two years, more than 35 million vocational skills trainings will be provided. Higher vocational colleges will expand the enrollment by 2 million people, so as to make more workers have long skills and good employment.
(Organized according to the webcast text)