On behalf of the committee members,
how to break through the difficulties of recruiting 8.74 million employment forces
In the two sessions of the National Conference in recent years, "employment" has been a hot topic. This year, the number of college graduates nationwide in 2020 will reach a new high, reaching 8.74 million, a year-on-year increase of 400,000. The sudden new outbreak of pneumonia has further worsened the employment situation. Recently, how to make college students find a job smoothly has become a hot topic on behalf of members.
A number of representatives said that the national ministries and commissions, local governments, and universities have worked together to achieve good results in supporting policies. In the future, cracking the "difficult employment" problem will require the cooperation of the government, employers, and universities, as well as the adjustment of employment attitudes of college students.
Where does employment pressure come from
"The number of employed people has continued to increase, the demand for recruitment has dropped significantly, the overall employment process has been delayed, and the pressures for successful graduation and successful employment are intertwined. Many factors have superimposed, and graduates generally feel that the pressure on employment is great." The China Youth Daily reporter said in an interview.
The "Golden Three Silver Four" in the spring recruitment season of college students has passed, but many graduates are still constantly submitting resumes, written tests, and interviews. In some colleges and universities, there is no sign of the end of the publicity meeting and the double elections on the front line. Employment has become a "hard bone" for colleges and universities at this stage.
According to the "2020 Spring Recruitment Job Search Trend Report" (hereinafter referred to as "Report") released by BOSS, as of March 31 this year, the number of fresh students active in job search in the spring recruitment season (since February 3) has increased compared with last year. 56%, but the company ’s recruitment demand for fresh graduates fell 22% year-on-year. Among them, the job contraction degree is the largest in the financial industry, especially in the field of Internet finance, and the demand for fresh graduates has fallen by more than 50% compared with the same period in 2019.
Zhao Ji, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and president of Northeastern University, said that the employment rate of Northeastern University has been rising in recent years, while the employment rate of graduates of this year has dropped by more than two percentage points.
"Our school's computer, software and other majors are often compared to everyone as a 'beautiful girl', and there is never a shortage of 'seekers'. But this year, some good related companies have reduced their job positions." Zhao Ji said.
Zhou Hongyu, a NPC deputy from Wuhan and a professor at Huazhong Normal University, is even more worried about the employment of Hubei university students. As the epidemic center in Hubei, there are more than 300,000 college graduates who have been subjected to greater employment shocks and pressure.
According to Shi Weidong, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and president of Nantong University, the current pressure on total employment in China and structural contradictions coexist.
"On the one hand, affected by the epidemic, the demand for employment in industries such as culture, sports, entertainment, tourism, accommodation, and catering has declined significantly, and the willingness to hire small and medium-sized enterprises has declined year-on-year; on the other hand, Skilled workers and innovative compound talents are inadequate, and the practical ability of some newly-growing labor force is still difficult to keep up with market changes. In addition, some employers are not willing to implement online recruitment, online interviews, and online contracting, and their cooperation is not high. "Shi Weidong said.
Emerging industry recruitment demand is growing against the trend, supporting policies to help graduates find employment
Although people say it is difficult to find a job this year, Wang Yongtian, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and a professor at the School of Optoelectronics of Beijing Institute of Technology, is not worried about the employment of his students.
"This year, the employment situation of our school is still quite good. The employment rate of our school has reached more than 70% some time ago, and will be further improved after the entrance examination of the postgraduate entrance examination." Wang Yongtian told reporters that with economic development and industrial upgrading, The country needs a large number of engineering talents.
The "Report" shows that in the spring recruitment season of 2020, the scale of positions for new graduates in strategic emerging industries has generally increased by 1-5 percentage points from the same period last year, and the proportion of fresh graduate positions is also higher than the average of the entire industry. After the Spring Festival, the demand for recruitment of graduates in the machinery manufacturing industry rose against the trend, rising by as much as 19.4%.
In addition to emerging strategic industries, artificial intelligence, 5G, and other fields, the recruitment demand for new graduates is "contrary" to growth. National ministries, governments, and universities are also joining forces to help college students find jobs.
On May 6, the Ministry of Education, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and other 6 departments launched the "100-day sprint" action for the employment of college graduates in 2020, and released ten special actions to promote the employment and entrepreneurship of college graduates, including enrollment expansion , Enriching special programs at the grassroots level, expanding graduates ’enlistment in the military, opening up grassroots positions in scientific research communities, advancing job stabilization and employment expansion for enterprises, promoting entrepreneurship-driven employment actions, continuing online employment services, and focusing on helping college graduates in Hubei.
Zhou Hongyu observed that the Hubei Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government have provided many preferential treatments for college students to stay in Hubei and Han, including the expansion of the provincial civil service recruitment plan by 20% in 2020; the provincial state-owned enterprises in 2020 and 2021 will continue to expand Recruitment of college graduates; expansion of the enrollment of postgraduates in 2020. "Public rental housing is also provided to college students, free of one year's rent, entrepreneurship funds are provided for college students who start a business, and policies are introduced to encourage companies to recruit college students and give financial subsidies."
Not long ago, the topic of "Beijing University of Wuhan University and Tsinghua University of Science and Technology" rushed to the Weibo hot search. This is the "one-on-one" action of the employment and entrepreneurship work of graduates and colleges across the country and Hubei universities launched by the Ministry of Education on April 8. At present, the first batch of 48 pairs of colleges and universities all signed assistance agreements. According to incomplete statistics, the graduates of the aided colleges delivered 75,000 resumes and currently directly benefit more than 4,000 people. On May 18, the second batch of actions was launched, and 76 aid activities were carried out for colleges and universities.
To solve the "employment difficulties", the government, employers and universities need to form a joint force
Many representatives said that to solve the "difficulty in employment", the government, employers and universities need to form a joint force.
Shi Weidong said that from the government level, it is necessary to further promote the introduction, implementation, and fine-tuning of talent introduction and retention policies in various cities, build platforms, organize more employers and universities to conduct supply and demand docking, and call on employers to actively change recruitment The model adopts work modes such as online publicity, online recruitment, and online interview signing to shorten the internship period, and reach an intention and sign a contract with students as soon as possible.
"From the perspective of colleges and universities, one is to strengthen the leadership of the organization of employment work; the other is to strengthen the guidance services for employment and entrepreneurship, carry out good training in employment and entrepreneurship courses, and at the same time increase the support for graduates with employment difficulties, implement a one-life policy Personalized and accurate employment guidance services; third, we must actively expand high-quality employment channels, actively contact employers, and increase the efforts of state-owned enterprises, famous enterprises, and excellent enterprises to introduce campus work. "Shi Weidong said.
From a long-term perspective, colleges and universities should also deepen the reform of the talent training model to meet the needs of the development of the times and the labor market.
Zhao Ji said that no matter what form of recruitment, employment ultimately depends on the quality of talent training. "From the perspective of the entire society, some graduates cannot find suitable positions, but there are also many positions that cannot find suitable graduates. This is a misalignment. With the development of new infrastructure in China in the future, more and more New industries, especially new formats, new needs and new positions derived from new infrastructure will appear in large numbers. This requires universities to deepen the reform of the talent training model, not only to train employees, but also to cultivate entrepreneurs to enable high-level manpower Resources can support and lead the construction of an innovative country and industrial transformation and development. "
"It can be seen from this epidemic that in the future, our country will need talents related to people's health, especially in the fields of medicine and biology. Our country's industry needs a large number of science and technology talents from the low-end to the high-end. I think these are majors with obvious good employment prospects. Colleges and universities should make timely adjustments to the major configuration to adapt to the development of the times. "Wang Yongtian said.
From the perspective of individual students, it is also very important to adjust the employment mentality and employment expectations.
Zhou Hongyu suggested that students and parents should change the concept of "not good jobs but no employment". "Do n’t have too high standards and unrealistic expectations, you can find the job first, and then" ride a donkey to find a horse. "After you have a job and income, you have the conditions and basis to consider other possibilities. A lot of work Only by doing it first will you know that it is appropriate, and there will be more exploration and choices. "
China Youth Daily · China Youth Daily reporter Ye Yuting Sun Qingling Source: China Youth Daily