China News Service, March 30th. According to the website of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, the General Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs and the General Office of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security recently issued the "Implementation Plan for Enlarging the Local Employment Scale of Returning Rural Migrant Workers". The implementation plan clarified the overall requirements: taking the implementation of the rural revitalization strategy as the general starting point, and promoting the increase of farmers' employment as the goal, integrating policies and measures, aggregating resource elements, and integrating public services to promote the employment and entrepreneurship of migrant workers who return to their hometowns. A favorable situation has been formed in which employment can boost incomes and become prosperous and well-off, and provide support for comprehensively well-off and tackling poverty alleviation.
Data sheet: Workers drive self-propelled sprayers to spray herbicides on wheat. Photo
The implementation plan clarified the five goals and tasks:
Return to agricultural stability. Guide returning rural migrant workers to agricultural production, lead the co-organization of farmer cooperatives, agricultural machinery service agencies, family farms, special planting and large-scale farming, advance the construction of agricultural product industrial chains and logistics systems, and expand agricultural production and service areas Employment opportunities.
Engineering projects absorb a batch. Seize the opportunity to make up for the shortcomings of "agriculture, rural areas and farmers", and take the implementation of rural infrastructure projects to guide returning rural migrant workers to participate in construction projects such as farmland water conservancy, village roads, living environment improvement, and rural greening. Many returning rural migrant workers find employment.
Cultivate a number of innovative formats. Relying on agricultural and rural resources, discovering the multiple functions of agriculture and the multiple values of the countryside, promoting new industries and new formats such as processing and distribution, leisure tourism, health maintenance, farming experience, e-commerce, direct marketing, etc., enriching the industrial form and increasing the number of returning rural migrant workers Employment.
Encourage entrepreneurship to drive a batch. Carry out entrepreneurship promotion actions for returning rural migrant workers, strengthen policy guidance, optimize the entrepreneurial environment, guide returning rural migrant workers to actively develop rural workshops, home workshops, hand workshops, creative agriculture, etc., and drive more returning rural migrant workers. Employment.
A number of public welfare posts were placed. For migrant workers who are difficult to find employment through market channels, integrate various resources, actively expand channels, develop public welfare positions such as rural cleaners, water managers, road guards, and ecological forest guards, and settle down to resettle migrant workers for employment.
The implementation comments put forward six key measures:
The first is to implement employment support policies. We will implement fiscal, taxation, and credit policies to help migrant workers to stabilize their jobs. In accordance with the requirements for stable employment and return to hometown to start a business, a one-time start-up subsidy will be given to returning rural business start-up migrant workers who have started a business for more than one year. In accordance with the special fund management measures for the development of inclusive finance, interest-free loans for returning rural migrant workers who have returned to their hometowns to start businesses can be discounted.
The second is to guide enterprises to expand their positions. Support enterprises, especially leading enterprises in agricultural industrialization, to attract migrant workers who return to their hometowns for flexible employment through temporary, seasonal, and flexible employment. Encourage enterprises to carry out labor adjustments, take the form of secondment to replace posts, increase employment opportunities, and realize shared employment for returning rural migrant workers. Support enterprises to extend the industrial chain and service outsourcing, and attract returning rural migrant workers to alternate jobs in processing, packaging, and transportation to achieve temporary concurrent employment of returning rural migrant workers. Orderly promote the resumption of work in rural labor-intensive manufacturing, service enterprises and small, medium and micro enterprises, and realize the employment of returning rural migrant workers.
The third is to develop more new business formats. Actively develop productive services and attract migrant workers who return to their hometowns to seek employment in front-end agricultural industries such as agricultural supply, unified control, farming and planting, and agricultural machinery maintenance. Actively develop the primary processing of agricultural products, and attract migrant workers to find employment in back-end industries such as agricultural products storage and preservation, grading, cleaning and packaging. The cross-border allocation of agricultural and modern industrial factors will attract returning rural migrant workers to find employment in new business forms such as leisure tourism, healthy health, shared farms, and rural e-commerce. Encourage migrant workers who return to their hometowns to develop rural life-care services such as child care for the elderly, housekeeping services, and resource recovery.
The fourth is to strengthen infrastructure construction. Speed up the implementation of projects of high-standard farmland construction, water conservancy facilities construction, rural road reconstruction, small watershed management, rural dilapidated house reconstruction, and human settlement improvement, and absorb the employment of returning rural migrant workers. Through the implementation of agricultural projects such as modern agricultural industrial parks, strong towns in the agricultural industry, and advantageous industrial clusters, priority is given to the employment of returning rural migrant workers. We will guide social capital to the countryside, build raw material bases, sink processing capacity, set up trade logistics, and increase the employment of migrant workers who return to their hometowns.
The fifth is to optimize employment and entrepreneurship services. Promptly announce the policy list, bidding process and subsidy standards to the society to ensure that policies and services are in place. Organize online and offline diversified employment guidance, improve the public release platform for job information, and achieve online job posting and cross-region sharing. Strengthen regular contact and classification services for returning rural migrant workers. Set up a service window in the county and township administrative service hall to provide "one-stop" services for the employment and entrepreneurship of returning rural migrant workers.
Sixth, carry out vocational skills training. Carry out the vocational skills improvement action for returning hometowns, use the Internet + vocational skills training model, and develop a batch of specialty professional and demonstration training online training course resources in accordance with employment intentions, regional characteristics and industrial needs. Strengthen special training for returning rural migrant workers, and carry out skills upgrading training or transfer training for returning rural migrant workers. We will strengthen the construction of employment internships and entrepreneurship incubation training bases, and encourage training institutions and enterprises to jointly conduct targeted, fixed-position, and order-based employment and entrepreneurship skills training. Establish a team of entrepreneurial mentors and expert advisory groups, and establish a professional, large-scale, institutionalized training mechanism.
The implementation of the opinion requires that the agricultural and rural departments and human resources and social security departments at all levels should encourage local governments to increase investment in finance and credit to support stable employment and smooth entrepreneurship for returning rural migrant workers. Conduct a thorough survey on the employment and entrepreneurship of returning rural migrant workers, strengthen the monitoring of employment and entrepreneurship of returning rural migrant workers, strengthen communication and collaboration with relevant departments, carry out comparative analysis of big data, and do a good job of researching and judging the employment situation. Timely coordinate and solve the outstanding problems in the employment and entrepreneurship of returning rural migrant workers, and strive to achieve the annual work goals.