Paris (AFP)

Speech by Macron at UNESCO to 400 youth and measures to "end" with abuse: the executive wants to mobilize Wednesday on the violence suffered by children, insufficiently known phenomenon and denounced that must "mobilize the whole society."

On the occasion of the International Day of the Rights of the Child, marked by the 30th anniversary of the International Convention on the Rights of the Child, the President of the Republic will speak in the morning to young people and actors of the world associative.

At the invitation of Human Rights Defender Jacques Toubon and UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), he should unveil certain measures of a plan to "put an end to violence against children ", carried by the Secretary of State for the Protection of Childhood, Adrien Taquet.

This three-year plan (2020-2022), which will follow a first plan on this subject launched in 2017 by the previous term, has six objectives and 22 measures to "free the word" of children and "pay attention to the victims" , told AFP Mr. Taquet.

Today, in France, it is estimated that a child dies every five days of the violence of his parents, that a young person is the victim of a sexual assault every three minutes and that between 8,000 to 10,000 minors prostitute themselves , figures probably fall short of reality because of the silence surrounding this subject.

Violence against children, carried out eight times out of ten in a family setting, is the first risk factor for attempted suicide, addiction and dropping out of school.

To identify situations, pediatric reference teams will be identified in 2020 in each region to train, advise and support physicians faced with cases.

- Avoid reliving the facts -

Currently, only 5% of reports to social services come from doctors, yet in regular contact with children but sometimes cautious, for fear of reporting wrongly.

"In the face of a suspicion of violence, there is no question of denunciation or denunciation, it must be alerted.Our responsibility is to protect a child," continued the Secretary of State, calling for a "mobilization of the whole society ".

Thus, the 119, free number "Hello childhood in danger", will see in 2020 its means increased by 8% to recruit five new listeners and thus be able to respond immediately to the many calls received, develop a digital platform and make accessible to people who are deaf and hearing.

To "better collect and protect" speech, a "pediatric reception unit" will be created by department by the end of the five-year period. These structures located in hospitals (currently 58) allow medical care as well as judicial treatment of minors victims and promote filmed audition, avoiding the child to repeat - and thus relive - the facts suffered.

To protect children, the plan calls for strengthening the consultation of the automated court file of perpetrators of sexual and violent offenses (FIJAISV) for those working with children, and to test a helpline number in five regions. for people sexually attracted by children, inspired by a German initiative launched in 2005, which has handled more than 10,000 calls.

In terms of prevention, associations working to raise awareness of violence and school bullying will be labeled by the government to be contacted by municipalities for extracurricular activities.

In 2019, a child with a disability is four times more likely to be sexually assaulted, 25% of school children report being cyber-harassed, and almost 50% of minors admitted to children's homes receive no visits during the same period. three months, worried Monday Jacques Toubon in his annual report on the rights of the child, calling the institutions to react.

In a statement, 35 associations, NGOs and collectives, including Unicef, ATD Fourth World and SOS Children's Villages, asked the government to move from "convention to action" by committing to a goal of "zero children" to the street by 2022 "and a" national observatory of non-schooling "to detect vulnerable youth.

© 2019 AFP