The British Parliament begins the debate over the EU withdrawal conditions.
While the EU is less than two weeks away from the European Union's withdrawal deadline, the United Kingdom is discussing the agreement with the EU over the withdrawal conditions by opening a special parliament. It is scheduled. Pros and cons of the agreement are in opposition and are unpredictable.
The United Kingdom has concluded an agreement with the EU over the conditions for withdrawal, but it is being deliberated on the 19th because approval is required for the vote of parliament.
It is unusual for the Parliament to be held on Saturday for the first time in 37 years since the 1982 Falkland conflict.
At the beginning, Prime Minister Johnson said, “This agreement is good for both the UK and the EU. The EU does not want to postpone further withdrawal,” and appealed for support of the agreement.
The ruling and conservative party, led by Prime Minister Johnson, has lost a majority in parliament, and the approval of the agreement requires the support of more than 30 members.
Northern Ireland's regional political parties, such as the largest opposition party and labor party, who are cooperating outside the cabinet, are willing to oppose the agreement as a party. The vote results are expected to compete.
In addition, a parliamentary motion was convened by a bipartisan member who wanted to extend the withdrawal deadline. Depending on the outcome of this deliberation, voting over an agreement with the EU may be postponed, and this is an unpredictable situation.
The House of Representatives on Saturday has been called four times in the past
It is unusual for the British Parliament to be held on a holiday Saturday.
According to the official website of the British Parliament, the House of Representatives was convened four times on Saturday.
Specifically, September 1939, when World War II began, July 1949, and November 1956 after the “Suez crisis” in Egypt, and Falkland in the South Atlantic, where the British ruled effectively. It is April 1982, when Parliament was held over the dispute that began when Argentina, which claimed territorial rights, invaded the islands.
The majority required for approval
In the House of Representatives of the United Kingdom, excluding the chairman and vice-chairman who do not participate in voting, voting is carried out by 639 members, so the majority required for approval is 320.
Among them, the seats of the ruling and conservative parties led by Prime Minister Johnson are only 287. Even if all the Conservatives agree, it is necessary for Prime Minister Johnson to get approval from 33 other members in order to get approval of the agreement.
Many people outside the Conservative Party are expected to agree with 23 former conservative lawmakers who were expelled last month for cooperation with the opposition party. However, even if all of them agree, the majority is still not enough.
The seat of DUP, a regional party in Northern Ireland that has a relationship with outside the cabinet, is just 10, but the party has made clear its intention to oppose it.
For this reason, for Prime Minister Johnson, approval will not be obtained unless there is a certain amount of counterfeiting from the largest opposition party / labor party, etc., and the key is whether it can be broken down.