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The developments of the "spring of peace" process day by day

2019-10-17T08:07:31.343Z



Following are the main developments since the start of the Turkish military operation "Spring of Peace" against Kurdish fighters in northern Syria:

Monday, October 7

  • Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that US forces began withdrawing from areas in northeastern Syria, after a telephone conversation with his US counterpart Donald Trump.
  • The White House said that Turkish forces would soon proceed with their long-planned military operation to create what it calls a "safe zone" and that US forces after the defeat of ISIS would no longer be in the region.
  • Washington has announced that Turkey will be responsible for all ISIS fighters in the region arrested over the past two years.
  • The SDF said it had received a back stab from the United States.

Tuesday, October 8

  • Ankara has announced that it has completed preparations to start a military operation in northeastern Syria to establish a safe area.
  • The Turkish parliament approved the extension of the government's mandate to carry out military operations outside the borders in Syria and Iraq.
  • Announcement that US forces in northeast Syria have received a sudden warning to withdraw from their positions.
  • Britain has warned Turkey against unilateral military action in Syria.

Wednesday, October 9

  • The Turkish president's office announced that his troops will cross the Syrian border with opposition fighters, and Turkey has sent more armored vehicles to the border with Syria.
  • The Turkish president announced the start of a new military operation against the Kurds in northern Syria, aimed at establishing a "safe area."
  • The Kurdish self-administration on Wednesday declared a "public alarm" over three days in its areas of control.
  • The Pentagon has confirmed that it has moved its troops from northeastern Syria for safety.
  • Ankara has announced that Turkish military personnel, supported by opposition factions, entered Syria, starting the ground phase of the offensive.
  • The US president called the Turkish operation a "bad idea."
  • The Turkish operation has drawn international condemnation, with several countries - particularly Europeans - expressing concern about the fate of civilians and many jihadists detained by Kurds who could flee.
  • Five European countries at the UN Security Council called for a closed-door council meeting on the situation in Syria on Thursday.

Thursday, October 10

  • Erdogan threatens to open the doors of Europe to millions of refugees in Turkey in response to criticism.
  • Talk of the start of the escape of ISIS fighters who were detained by Kurdish forces.
  • The Arab League has announced that it will hold an emergency meeting to discuss Turkey's "spring of peace" operation in Syria.
  • Arab countries condemn the operation.
  • Iran ends maneuvers near its border with Turkey.
  • European Security Council member states have called on Turkey to stop the operation following an emergency closed-door meeting.

Friday, October 11

  • Turkish forces have stepped up operations in the areas they have advanced.
  • The US president hints that his administration could mediate between Turkey and Kurdish militants.
  • Turkish forces launch intensive air raids and send reinforcements to the combat zones, announcing the deaths of hundreds of Kurdish fighters.
  • The Turkish president stressed that his country will not stop the military operation.
  • President Trump has authorized US officials to draft a new "very big" sanctions against Turkey.
  • European Union governments have threatened to impose sanctions on Turkey for the "spring of peace" operation.

Saturday, October 12

  • The Turkish Ministry of Defense has announced that it has taken control of the Syrian city of Ras al-Ain.
  • Russian President Vladimir Putin declared that Syria should be freed from any foreign military presence.
  • Iran offers mediation between Turkey, Kurds and regime.
  • The emergency Arab cabinet statement decided to consider urgent measures to respond to the Turkish move, and Turkey rejects it.

Sunday, October 13

  • Turkish army and Syrian opposition forces control the entire city of Tal Abyad.
  • The Kurdish self-administration announces that some 800 members of the families of ISIS fighters have fled.
  • The Pentagon has announced that Trump has ordered a "withdrawal of US troops" from northern Syria, citing about 1,000 troops.
  • The Kurds reached an agreement with Damascus to deploy the Syrian army near the Turkish border.
  • The United Nations announced that the Turkish operation forced 130 thousand people to flee their homes.
  • Erdogan announces his refusal to negotiate with the Kurds.

Monday, October 14

  • Damascus sends troops to the north in a bid to slow the advance of the Turkish offensive.
  • Ankara accuses Kurdish forces of deliberately releasing ISIS operatives.
  • Trump hardens his rhetoric toward Turkey, calling on it to stop its military operation.
  • The Syrian regime announces the entry of its forces into the city of Manbij.

Tuesday 15 October

  • US Treasury Department has announced that President Donald Trump has imposed sanctions on Turkey.
  • Moscow announces that Russian troops are patrolling the area in order to avoid a confrontation between Syrian and Turkish forces.
  • Russia confirms regime control of Manbij.
  • The Washington-led international coalition announced the departure of Manbij.
  • The death toll of Kurdish troops has risen to 595, the Turkish Defense Ministry said.

Wednesday, October 16

  • Trump says he has sent a delegation headed by his deputy to Ankara.
  • The international coalition said it was carrying out a thoughtful withdrawal from northeastern Syria.
  • The SDF announced that it would enter with the Syrian army in a joint security mechanism.
  • Syrian armed opposition forces announce control over 11 villages in the vicinity of Tal Abyad and Ras Al-Ain.
  • Erdogan confirms that there is no retreat from the process of "spring of peace."
  • Kurds announce "freezing" all operations against IS.
  • Regime forces enter the city of Ain al-Arab (Kobani).

Source: aljazeera

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