Tunisians began going to the polls on Sunday to vote in the third post-revolution parliamentary elections in 2011 and after a new constitution was passed in 2014.
Since 2011, the country that is the cradle of the Arab Spring has seen many electoral benefits, as follows.
First free elections
On October 23, 2011, Tunisians massively turned out to vote in the country's first free elections. The National Constituent Assembly (NCA) emerged from this election, which was held in a celebratory atmosphere nine months after the "Jasmine Revolution."
The election results topped the Islamist movement Ennahda, which was banned under Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, and was officially recognized in March 2011, winning 89 of the 217 seats in the Constituent Assembly. He was second with 29 seats, the Congress for the Republic Party (left nationalist) led by Moncef Marzouki.
On December 12, the founding Nationalist elected Marzouki as a fierce opposition to succeed ousted president Ben Ali, while Hamadi Jebali, deputy leader of Ennahda, was tasked with forming the government.
On January 26, 2014, the NBK adopted a constitution at the end of a year that saw the assassination of two political figures, political unrest and attacks by armed groups.
The new constitution gave parliament and the government wide powers at the expense of the president, and enshrined the principle of equality between men and women in elected assemblies.
The adoption of the new constitution led to Ennahda voluntarily relinquishing power and forming a technocratic government.
|Since the revolution, Tunisians have exercised their right to vote freely (Anatolia)|
On October 26, 2014, citizens went to the polls to elect the People's Assembly (the first parliament since the revolution) in an election that came almost two years behind schedule.
Despite fears of unrest or armed attacks, the elections were held without incident. Authorities deployed 80,000 police and soldiers to ensure the safety of the electoral process.
EU observers praised "transparent and credible elections."
Nidaa Tounes, which presented itself as an anti-Islamist, won politicians from the left and center-right led by Beji Caid Essebsi. The party won 86 of the 217 seats in the parliament, while Ennahda came back with 69.
On November 23, 2014, citizens voted to elect the President of the Republic among 27 candidates.
This was the first time that Tunisians freely elected their president, as the two presidents, who had known each other since independence in 1956 until the 2011 revolution: Habib Bourguiba and Ben Ali, were organizing referendums or elections marred by suspicions of fraud to remain in office again and again with a majority that has always exceeded 90. % Of votes.
On December 21, the second round of presidential elections was held in which 55.68% of Nidaa Tounes leader Essebsi, 88, won at the expense of President Marzouki.
On December 31, Essebsi was sworn in as president.
In those elections, Ennahdha, which has long opposed the principle of electing the president by direct universal suffrage, decided not to nominate any representative, noting that it would leave its supporters with the choice "to elect a president who guarantees democracy."
Following the presidential election, EU Foreign Minister Federica Mogherini said, "The Tunisians have made a historic page in the democratic transition."
On May 6, 2018, the country witnessed the first free municipal elections with an abstention rate of over 60%. It was the first concrete step towards decentralization included in the 2014 constitution and one of the demands of the revolution.
Ennahda won the most municipalities.
In Tunis, Souad Abderrahim, who was at the top of Ennahda's list, became the first woman to head the city's municipality.
|The winners of the first round of the presidential elections Said (right) and the villager (websites)|
On September 15, 2019, voters voted to choose between 26 candidates in the first round of presidential elections, against the backdrop of an economic and social crisis, and in the context of rejection of traditional political elites.
Qais Saeed University achieved a surprise with the progress of the election results after obtaining 18.4%. Businessman Nabil Karoui, arrested for money laundering and tax evasion, received 15.58% of the vote.
And set the date of the second round of presidential elections - which will be held between Said and the villager - on the 13th of this month.