By RFPosted on 05-08-2019Modified on 05-08-2019 at 07:50
The global agreement on the transition concluded Saturday, August 3 between the military and civilians was initialed this Sunday by both parties, it will be officially signed in two weeks on August 17. It seems balanced, leaving a lot of room for civil power, but there is still a long way to complete the transition.
The transition will be framed by three authorities: the Sovereign Council - to be appointed on August 18 - and will have five military and six civilians. A cabinet headed by a prime minister who will be appointed by civilians on August 20. Finally, Parliament will have to be in place 90 days after the signature of the agreement.
The main principles are set, but it is a long process that opens to negotiate the transfer of power to civilians and the future Sudanese Constitution. Now the many components of the opposition must be able to agree on the future of the country.
Numerous components but also extremely diverse underlines Jérôme Tubiana, specialist of Sudan. " Some are more conservative clerics, some are secular communists, others are apolitical civil society, others are not even civilians, since there are rebel groups as well. In a way, we will have to integrate and represent in this way. These negotiations are likely to increase divisions that are already significant. "
According to him, this transition also involves " putting under control a part of the military corps and militias that remain potentially destabilizing ". " Who will control the army? What will become of the militias who have played a crucial role in recent weeks in the violent repression of civil protests? What will become of the intelligence services? What will become of all these legacies of the Omar al-Bashir era? "
Justice for the " martyrs " of the revolution
Concerns shared by Gaffar Mohammud Saeneen, a Sudanese militant refugee in France. He demands justice for the " martyrs " of the revolution , and takes a dim view of the place left to the military: " From the beginning, we say that we should not trust these people. They must not be part of the revolution. "
Another high priority in future negotiations is the final settlement of the many conflicts across the country.
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Sudan: the formation of a Sovereign Council scheduled for August 18
Sudan: agreement paving the way for a transfer of power to civilians