Russian President Vladimir Putin's recent decision to reconfigure the Moscow and Leningrad military regions. The trend towards re-establishing the Lenedrad and Moscow military regions dates back to 2022, as indicated by Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu.

The re-establishment of the Lening rad military regions was an expected decision and constituted one of the reactions to Finland's accession to NATO and Sweden's aspiration to join the alliance. The Moscow Military District was formed in 1864 as part of the military reforms of Emperor Alexander II and existed until 2010.