The planned expansion of all-day care for primary school children will cost the state billions, but it will also give it significant additional income. A Gutschaten presented by Federal Minister of Family Affairs Franziska Giffey (SPD) puts this benefit at one to two billion euros each year. In their calculations, researchers from the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW) came to the conclusion that more childcare offers enable women to work or to increase their working hours. The work volume of mothers with primary school children could grow by three to seven percent. As a result, income from taxes and social security increased. The expansion of all-day care is partly self-financing, said Giffey.
According to the study, expanding all-day offers for primary school children, depending on the scenario and cost estimate, will return between 32 and 89 percent of the expenditure through tax and social income as well as savings in social expenditure to the public coffers.
The SPD politician sees this as an additional argument for more all-day care. Above all, it is about equal opportunities for children. "That has to be our main drive. It's worth every single euro to me," said Giffey. It is also about reconciling family and work, equality between women and men and the shortage of skilled workers, which women could help alleviate.
Union and SPD agreed in the coalition agreement that the legal entitlement to all-day care for children from 1st to 4th class should be enforced by 2025 - five days a week, for eight hours a day. The government assumes that full-time places are needed for 75 percent of primary school children. However, the demand varies greatly from region to region - it is significantly higher in the east or in the city-states of Hamburg and Berlin than in other countries.
According to Giffey, around half of all primary school children currently have full-day care. The minister expects around one million all-day care places, which will have to be created at the local level. The cost of the expansion at the 15,000 primary schools in Germany is estimated at five to seven billion euros. The federal government is making two billion euros available for this expansion. In addition, there are forecast ongoing operating costs of up to four billion euros per year.