China News Service Client, Beijing, May 29 (Reporter Li Jinlei) "China is a developing country with a large population. Our per capita annual disposable income is 30,000 yuan, but there are 600 million people with low and middle incomes and below. Their average monthly income is about 1,000 yuan. It may be difficult to rent a house in a medium-sized city for 1,000 yuan. Now they are experiencing an epidemic. After the epidemic, people's livelihood is important. "
This was revealed by Premier Li Keqiang at a press conference after the closing of the third session of the 13th National People's Congress yesterday.
The average monthly income of 600 million people is around 1,000 yuan. This number is the first time many people have heard about this screen brushing circle of friends.
This again shows that China is still the world's largest developing country.
RMB data map. China News reporter Li Jinlei
The average monthly income of 600 million people is about 1,000 yuan
This data is supported by data from the National Bureau of Statistics. According to the "Statistical Bulletin of the National Economic and Social Development of the People's Republic of China 2019" promulgated by the National Bureau of Statistics, the national per capita disposable income of the country was 30,733 yuan.
Grouped by the national quintile income, the annual per capita disposable income of the low- income group was 7,380 yuan in 2019, the per capita disposable income of the lower- middle income group was 15,777 yuan , the per capita disposable income of the middle-income group was 2,035 yuan , and the upper-middle income group The per capita disposable income is 39,230 yuan, and the per capita disposable income of the high-income group is 76,401 yuan.
The national income quintile income grouping refers to arranging all surveyed households in order of average per capita income level, divided into five equal parts on average, and the income group at the top 20% is the high income group, and so on in the middle Upper income group, middle income group, lower middle income group, low income group.
At present, China's population reaches 1.4 billion, and the above conclusion can be reached by proportional calculation.
However, a careful partner found that the income mentioned here refers to per capita disposable income. Is the meaning the same as the salary that everyone understands?
What is per capita disposable income?
The so-called residents' disposable income refers to the sum of residents' final consumption expenditure and savings, that is, residents' disposable income, which includes both cash income and real income.
According to the source of income, disposable income includes wage income, net operating income, property net income (such as net interest income, rental housing net income) and transfer net income (such as pensions, social assistance or subsidies).
From the National Bureau of Statistics.
However, according to the explanation of the National Bureau of Statistics, not all cash or objects received can be counted as income, and only those with continuity and relative stability can be counted. Those unexpected money and accidentally received money cannot be counted. For example, gifts received for marriage, funeral, marriage, sales of assets, lottery winnings, and one-time compensation.
Per capita disposable income is the average of residents ’disposable income divided by the resident population.
It should be noted that when calculating the per capita disposable income, including non-income family members, the per capita number is calculated using the resident of all households as the denominator.
From the National Bureau of Statistics.
That is to say, per capita disposable income includes wages, but it includes non-income family members in the calculation, so on average, the data is relatively low.
Make it clear what the data means, and pay more attention to the people's livelihood behind the data.
Affected by the epidemic, the income of many families has declined. How can the basic livelihood of the people in difficulty and the new people affected by the epidemic be protected?
There are hard measures to protect basic people's livelihood
This year ’s government work report puts forward a series of hard-core measures to protect basic people ’s livelihood.
Social security card. China News reporter Li Jinlei
- expanding unemployment insurance coverage. Unemployed persons such as migrant workers who have been insured for less than one year are included in the habitual residence guarantee.
- expand guaranteeing coverage. The urban and rural families in need should be guaranteed full coverage, and eligible urban unemployed and returnees should be included in the Dibao in time.
- rescue personnel tolls illness suffered temporary difficulties. Those who have encountered temporary difficulties due to disasters and illnesses should be rescued.
—— Implement the policy of voluntary deferral of social insurance premiums for low-income people. Hundreds of millions of flexible employees, including odd jobs, have implemented a policy of voluntary deferral of social insurance premiums for low-income workers this year, and administrative fees related to employment have all been eliminated.
—— Raise the basic pension for retirees and raise the minimum standard of basic pension for urban and rural residents. Nearly 300 million people across the country receive pensions and must ensure that they are paid in full and on time.
Put the people's interests first, and 10,000 families suffer.
Zheng Gongcheng, president of the Chinese Society of Social Security and professor of Renmin University of China, believes that the epidemic will bring immediate and obvious impacts on people's livelihood, as well as lagging effects. Perfecting and improving the social assistance system, giving play to the role of unemployment insurance, and ensuring that basic pensions are paid in full and on time are very important for ensuring basic livelihood. The specific measures put forward by the government work report in these aspects can help to solve the practical problems faced by the residents, especially the difficult groups. (Finish)