Alzheimer's: a promising new drug against the disease
In Alzheimer's disease, two key proteins - tau and another called beta-amyloid - gradually accumulate abnormally in the brain, causing brain cell death.
Sean Gallup/Getty Images
Text by: RFI Follow
Scientists have hailed the results of a new drug from Japan, lecanemab, which slows the development of the effects of Alzheimer's disease.
But this study, published on Wednesday, November 30, also reveals that the side effects of this remedy are not negligible.
A study conducted among 1,800 people over eighteen months confirms that lecanemab, a drug developed by the Japanese pharmaceutical groups Eisai and American Biogen, reduces the cognitive decline of patients who have received this treatment by 27%.
A “ statistically significant
according to the two groups, already announced at the end of September.
Severe side effects
But the results of this study, published by the
New England Journal of Medicine
also specify the incidence rate of adverse effects of lecanemab, sometimes serious and notably more frequent than in the group of patients under placebo.
More than 17% of patients treated with lecanemab suffered from cerebral hemorrhages, compared to 9% in the placebo group.
And 12.6% suffered from cerebral edema, compared to just 1.7% for people on placebo.
However, the overall mortality rate is almost the same in both groups of patients.
For Bart De Strooper, director of the British Institute for Dementia Research, "
this is the first drug that delivers a treatment option for people with Alzheimer's
Although the clinical benefits appear somewhat limited, they can be expected to become more apparent if the drug is administered over a longer period of time
," he said.
An incurable disease
Tara Spires-Jones, the neuroscientist from the University of Edinburgh is less enthusiastic: on the one hand, on the figure of 27%, she declares that "
there is no accepted definition of clinically significant effects in the test cognitive.
On the other hand, she says, "
it is not yet certain that the modest reduction in the rate of cognitive decline will make a big difference for patients
Longer trials will be needed to ensure that the benefits of this treatment outweigh the risks
," she added.
Another anti-Alzheimer's treatment developed by Biogen and Eisai, Aduhelm (aducanumab), had already raised many hopes in 2021. It was the first drug approved in the United States against the disease since 2003. But Aduhelm had also raised Controversy.
The American Medicines Agency (FDA), judging that the treatment had not sufficiently demonstrated its effectiveness during clinical trials, subsequently restricted its use.
Only one certainty to date, Alzheimer's disease is still incurable.
A major public health problem that affects tens of millions of people worldwide, this disease causes memory loss and a growing inability to perform daily tasks.
: French society facing the challenge of Alzheimer's disease
February 21, 2020
Receive all the international news directly in your mailbox
Follow all the international news by downloading the RFI application
Health and medicine