For several months, Iran has been affected by increasingly frequent and significant cyber attacks.
These attacks have wreaked havoc and confusion on the people and businesses of the country.
Gasoline pumps, trains and an airline were thus victims of computer attacks.
On July 9 and 10, a cyber attack hit Iranian rail services.
False overdue notices were posted on digital notice boards.
Recently, a cyberattack crippled nearly 4,300 Iranian gas stations.
Stations remained in some cases offline for 12 days, preventing people from refueling their vehicles and causing serious traffic jams.
“Traditionally, these types of attacks have been reserved for states, because we are dealing with a very complicated infrastructure,” said Lotem Finkelstein, director of threat intelligence and research at Israeli cybersecurity firm Check Point.
The perpetrators of these attacks remain unknown
Various groups have attempted to claim responsibility for the attacks, but security experts say these attributions do not contain any technical details to prove a group's responsibility. “It appears to be different actors trying to demonstrate their capabilities in order to fundamentally establish a new kind of balance of power in the region,” said Esfandyar Batmanghelidj, visiting researcher at the European Council on Foreign Relations.
These attacks worry experts, because these fundamental services should not be accessible to hackers.
Compromising infrastructure and disrupting the lives of millions of people is a red line for many political and security industry players.
"It doesn't matter whether it is Iranian infrastructure, Israeli infrastructure, Saudi infrastructure - if it is civilian infrastructure, we should come to this mutual agreement that it should not be touched," he said. said Naser Aldossary, head of security at Dragos, an industrial cybersecurity company.
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