As the COVID-19 vaccination is in full swing, inquiries about pre- and post-vaccination precautions and related questions are also being followed.
According to the explanations of health authorities and experts, it is recommended to get the COVID-19 vaccine even for people with underlying diseases such as high blood pressure or diabetes, or for immunocompromised patients.
However, even if you do not have any chronic disease, it is recommended to postpone the vaccination by contacting the day before or on the day before vaccination if you suddenly have a fever or are not in good condition.
We have summarized government and expert explanations regarding vaccination.
Who shouldn't get the COVID-19 vaccine?
▲ Anyone who has had a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) to polyethylene glycol (PEG) or related ingredients or polysorbate ingredients in the past should not be vaccinated.
PEG ingredients are found in drugs, colonoscopy intestinal cleansers, cough syrups, some cosmetics, skin and intraoperative medical products, toothpaste, and contact lens solution products.
Inoculation is also contraindicated as polysorbate components can cause cross-sensitization with PEG.
It is difficult to know who is contraindicated in vaccination from the technical terms alone?
▲ If you have not had a special medical history after taking the medicine in the past, you do not have to worry about it.
For example, in the case of polysorbate, it is already contained in vaccination drugs for cervical cancer or rotavirus, and is also being vaccinated to children and adults, so there is no need to feel too anxious.
Anaphylaxis is a fatal allergic reaction, but it is a disease that can recover without any problems with early diagnosis and proper treatment.
- Can I take
diabetes and hypertension drugs before or after vaccination?
▲ Before and after the COVID-19 vaccination, you can take drugs related to underlying diseases, high blood pressure, and diabetes.
There is no particular limitation or reason to stop or change the drug.
Since AstraZeneca, Pfizer, and Modena vaccines are not live vaccines, vaccination is also recommended for people with immunocompromised and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections.
- Can cancer patients be vaccinated?
▲ The clinical information on cancer patients and people with severe immune diseases is not sufficient, but concerns about adverse reactions are not great.
However, there is a possibility that the effect of vaccination may decrease slightly as the immune response may decrease.
women who are breastfeeding or of childbearing age get the vaccine?
▲ Even during breastfeeding, if there are no contraindications to the COVID-19 vaccination, vaccination is recommended.
It is not recommended for pregnant women until further clinical research results are available.
Pregnancy testing is not recommended prior to the COVID-19 vaccination.
In addition, if you are planning to become pregnant, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that you do not need to use contraception after the COVID-19 vaccination.
What if you suddenly have a high fever on the day of vaccination?
▲ There is no need to postpone vaccination for mild reasons such as feverless cold or diarrhea.
However, if you are suddenly unwell or have a fever of 37.5 degrees or more, you can contact the vaccination institution the day before or on the day to adjust the schedule.
In the future, when individual vaccination begins, a related system will be prepared so that the schedule can be changed through the vaccination reservation system.
- What adverse reactions should be noted after vaccination
▲ You should stay at the vaccination institution for about 30 minutes immediately after vaccination and return to prepare for severe allergic reactions.
In addition, on the day of receiving the vaccination, excessive activities, alcohol and sauna should be avoided.
Symptoms such as mild pain, vomiting, and headache most disappear within 3 days, but it is recommended to visit a medical institution if it interferes with daily life.
In rare cases, if your skin develops hives, shortness of breath, swollen tongue, or persistent dizziness, you should call 911 immediately or go to the nearest emergency room for action.
- Can I get compensation if I receive treatment for an adverse reaction?
▲ If there is an adverse reaction after vaccination, you can apply for compensation within 5 years from the date of occurrence.
Reimbursement will be decided within 120 days after a deliberation on whether it is associated with vaccination.
The part that can be paid by the national compensation system is medical expenses (personal expenses), nursing expenses (50,000 won per day for inpatient treatment), temporary disability compensation, temporary death compensation and funeral expenses.