In Germany, electric cars can charge at more and more publicly accessible stations. The number of charging points rose by more than 10,000 to 27,730 within a year, said the Federal Association of Energy and Water Management (BDEW). The proportion of fast charging stations is 14 percent. As a result, most charging points are in Munich with 1,185, followed by Hamburg with 1,096 and Berlin with 1,052 in places two and three. Bavaria, where there are 6,353 charging points for electric cars, also leads in a country comparison, ahead of Baden-Württemberg with 4,950 and North Rhine-Westphalia with 4,476.
This has increased the number of charging stations by around 60 percent. They supply around 280,000 electric and hybrid cars that are currently registered in Germany. This means that they are only partially utilized: According to BDEW, they are sufficient for a total of 440,000 electrically powered vehicles. The sector had recently been expanded: last year the number of charging stations had increased by 50 percent compared to the previous year.
Nevertheless, the number of stations should increase: the federal government wants to push ahead with the expansion of the charging infrastructure in order to provide incentives for the purchase of electric cars. In addition to the limited range of the vehicles, the charging network, which is not yet nationwide, is the reason for the low sales figures. In its economic stimulus package, the government therefore plans to invest an additional 2.5 billion euros in expanding the charging infrastructure, but also in research and development for electromobility and battery production. The economic stimulus package with higher premiums will also provide more support for the purchase of electric cars. And already at the end of last year, they agreed on a master plan for charging infrastructure, which also provides for billions of dollars in investments and also promises state support for the first time in the construction of private charging stations.
The federal government wants millions of charging stations by 2030
The association welcomed the government's funding in a statement. "It is gratifying to see the dynamism with which the charging infrastructure is being expanded," said managing director and former green member of the Bundestag, Kerstin Andreae. The support for electric cars would come at the right time: "Electric mobility is not only an important factor for climate protection, but can also become an effective economic engine, especially in the current difficult economic situation." However, there was still no incentive to expand private charging, she said.
In order for Germany to achieve its climate targets for 2030, it is generally believed that significantly more electric cars are necessary, around seven to ten million units by the end of the decade. Until then, there should be several million private, one million public charging points and 100,000 stations with quick charging. It is questionable whether both numbers will be achieved: in 2009, a national development plan for electromobility stated that there should be one million electric cars in Germany in 2020, almost five times more than are currently permitted.