“Overcome nature itself”: 220 years since the beginning of the transition of Suvorov through the Alps
On September 21, 1799, the Swiss military campaign began under the command of Alexander Suvorov. This military operation was preceded by the Italian commander’s campaign, during which the Russian corps inflicted a number of defeats on the French troops. However, the allies of the Russian Empire - the Austrians - because of fear of increasing its influence in the region forced Suvorov to leave Italy. Moreover, during the passage through the Alps, they withdrew most of their troops from Switzerland and threw the Russian corps of Alexander Rimsky-Korsakov against the French forces that significantly outnumbered him. Suvorov did not have time to connect with this detachment before his sensitive defeat at Zurich, but won a series of victories over the French and led the soldiers through the Alps, after which they returned to their homeland. Historians consider this campaign an outstanding example of military art. For this feat, Suvorov was awarded the title of Generalissimo.