The majority of Germans - two-thirds of Germans live in multiple dwellings - have no opportunity to charge an electric car at home. This was the result of a survey by ADAC at more than 300 real estate companies, which together manage 4,815 large underground garages and parking spaces in eleven major German cities. Accordingly, 96 percent of their underground garages are not even equipped with an ordinary power outlet. And only two percent of the examined underground garages and parking areas with more than ten parking spaces have a charging station or a so-called wallbox.
"Four out of five of these companies do not have electric vehicle charging in any of their buildings," says the ADAC. Accordingly, there are only a few companies that have wallboxes in their building stock - but then only in isolated objects.
As the survey further showed, this shortcoming will only change little in the medium term: only a quarter of the companies surveyed are considering setting up charging opportunities in the next three years.
Too expensive, too complicated, legally questionable
As the main reason for the lack of charging stations, the managers told the ADAC "the unrequested interest on the part of the tenants and owners." As further reasons for the lack of charging possibilities called the property managers high costs, technical problems and legal uncertainties.
For example, alterations to a charging facility under the Home Owners Act may only be made if all co-owners in an object agree with it. Tenants also have no claim to the installation of loading boxes. ADAC Vice-President Gerhard Hillebrand therefore called on the legislator to facilitate the installation of charging stations.
Currently, according to the Kraftfahrbundesamt 47.1 million cars on German roads - including 120,000 pure electric and 87,000 hybrid cars. According to the Federal Association of Electromobility (BEM), a "substantial part" of electric vehicles is the property of company fleets, which are usually loaded on the company premises.
Whether on private or public grounds: electric cars need special charging stations. A household socket is not enough, because it can lead to cable fires during long loading and high load. At the so-called wall boxes, electric cars can be charged five to ten times faster than normal sockets, they are considered safer.
"How the energy turnaround in the transport sector will fail"
One solution could be special charging stations in public parking lots or near petrol stations. There are currently 140,000 dispensers in Germany - and only 9,700 charging stations, as the Federal Network Agency recently announced. At the same time the electricity offered by them is very expensive. For 100 kilometers range, the operators collected between 7.95 and 16.36 euros. Gero Lücking, Managing Director of the green electricity provider Lichtblick, said: "These prices are shocking - it is one and the same product." Charging power is thus sometimes significantly more expensive than gasoline for the same range. "
According to Lücking, one reason for the high prices are regional monopolies of electricity suppliers: "They determine availability, prices and trade in their areas." The consumer would have no choice, he would have to be satisfied with what he was given. "The energy turnaround in the transport sector will fail," Lücking summarized the situation.
The German car industry also sees a problem in this less consumer-friendly situation. German automakers now have more than 30 electric models on offer, but hardly find buyers. The Association of the German Automotive Industry (VDA) therefore demands from the federal government to provide more funds for electromobility, to anchor a "right to charge" in the rental and housing law and to better coordinate the development of the charging infrastructure.