Chinanews client, Beijing, November 27th (Reporter Xing Rui) Diego Maradona passed away suddenly at the age of 60.

For a time, sighs sounded in every corner of the earth.

The "culprit" who killed him was called myocardial infarction, and when we sighed for the fall of a generation of kings, did we ever know how terrible the myocardial infarction that took Diego from the world was, and how should we prevent it?

On November 26, on the ruins of Binish town in Idlib province in northwestern Syria, the Syrian painter Aziz Asmar is painting a portrait of Maradona, the deceased "King of the Ball".

  What is myocardial infarction?

What are the preventive measures?

How to give first aid to sudden myocardial infarction?

With these questions, we contacted Wang Juan, an attending physician in the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Fuwai Hospital of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, and a member of the Beijing Physician Running Team.

  The Department of Cardiology, Fuwai Hospital, can also be named an authoritative name in the international context.

As an expert in the professional field, Wang Juan unveiled the "mystery" of myocardial infarction to reporters.

  Myocardial infarction is caused by sudden blockage of the coronary arteries that supply the heart due to various reasons (including plaque shedding secondary thrombosis or vasospasm) and acute myocardial ischemia and hypoxia, resulting in myocardial cell damage and necrosis.

In fact, before myocardial infarction occurs, the body often sends out an alarm signal.

If you frequently experience chest tightness, chest pain, back pain, shortness of breath, palpitation, dizziness and other symptoms recently, you need to pay attention to it and go to the hospital in time.

Data map: On September 12, 1977, Buenos Aires, Argentina, Maradona, who was only 16 years old, warmed up on the sidelines of the game and prepared to debut.

  It is worth mentioning that before Maradona's death, his physical condition also lit a red light.

According to foreign media reports, on November 2, local time, on the third day after his 60th birthday, Maradona was admitted to the hospital with subdural hematoma and underwent surgery.

  The operation at that time was very successful. Not long after, Maradona was discharged from the hospital and returned to his residence to continue receiving rehabilitation.

But no one thought that after just over half a month, God still ruthlessly took his life away.

Take a photo with his personal doctor on November 11, 2020 local time.

Maradona was admitted to the hospital for anemia, dehydration and depression.

Subsequently, MRI showed that he had a subdural hematoma.

Subsequently, the 60-year-old Argentine football superstar underwent brain surgery.

  Data show that cerebral subdural hematoma is the accumulation of intracranial hemorrhage blood in the subdural space, and the incidence of intracranial hematoma is higher.

Wang Juan said that cerebral subdural hematoma may cause myocardial infarction.

  "After the disease occurs, the body will enter a state of self-protection. Generally, blood pressure will be significantly increased, and the body's coagulation system will be activated. In this case, the heart is overloaded and the blood is hypercoagulable, and acute cardiac ischemia is more likely to occur. "Wang Juan said.

Data map: On August 19, 2008, the second semi-final of the Beijing Olympics men’s football team was held at the Beijing Workers’ Stadium. King Maradona was present to watch the encounter between Brazil and Argentina.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Ren Chenming

  Of course, there are many reasons for myocardial infarction.

Overwork, overeating, emotional agitation, strenuous exercise, smoking and alcoholism may all induce myocardial infarction.

  Since announcing his retirement in 1997, Maradona has completely "freed himself".

In addition to getting better in shape, he also retains a preference for smoking cigars and alcoholism. The rumored drugs have caused him to frequently fall into the whirlpool of public opinion.

These bad habits all bring great load and harm to the body.

  In 2004, Maradona was admitted to the hospital for severe heart and respiratory diseases.

A year later, 130 kg had to undergo gastric bypass surgery to restore his normal weight.

During the 2018 World Cup, Maradona, who was watching the game in the stands, suddenly felt unwell and was rushed to the hospital.

The doctor once revealed that Maradona's visceral load is very serious, and there are problems with the heart, kidneys and respiratory system.

On June 26, 2018, the "life and death battle" between Argentina and Nigeria in Group D of the 2018 Russia World Cup started in St. Petersburg. Maradona appeared on the stadium to watch the match.

Photo by China News Agency reporter Tomita

  In this way, although Maradona still appears in the public view from time to time, his body has long been buried with many hidden dangers.

Little problems accumulate over the years, letting them grow, and eventually become the real culprit who took his life.

  For the prevention of myocardial infarction, Wang Juan gave a series of pertinent suggestions.

  First, pay attention to improving lifestyle.

Low-salt and low-fat diet, proper exercise, weight control, regular work and rest, quit smoking and drinking, avoid staying up late and sitting still.

  Secondly, regular physical examinations should be taken to monitor blood pressure, blood sugar and blood lipid levels.

If it is determined that it is a patient with coronary heart disease, standard drug treatment is required under the guidance of a doctor.

  In addition, we must pay attention to the alarms sent by the body, and seek medical treatment in time if you feel unwell.

Data map: On November 10, 2001, Maradona paid tribute to the fans in the personal farewell match.

  After myocardial infarction, if treated in time, the patient still has a chance of survival.

"The golden treatment time is 120 minutes. If the patient is sent to the hospital for treatment during the prime time, the rescue success rate is 70%-96%." Wang Juan said.

  But if malignant arrhythmia occurs after myocardial infarction, such as ventricular tachycardia and ventricular fibrillation, that is, the patient's sudden cardiac arrest, the patient's survival rate will be greatly reduced.

Wang Juan said: "Existing data show that the current survival rate of cardiac arrest in China is less than 1%. If timely and effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation is given and sent to the nearest hospital for treatment, the success rate will be significantly improved."

  Nowadays, it is not uncommon for people like Maradona to die of a sudden heart attack.

With the popularization of the concept of national fitness, more and more people go to the sports field, and news of sudden heart infarction during exercise is frequently reported in the newspapers.

Especially in winter when the weather turns cooler, you must take your own situation into consideration when exercising.

Data map: On the evening of October 30, 1997, Maradona waved to fans and reporters on the balcony of his apartment in Buenos Aires.

He had previously announced his retirement during a telephone interview on a TV show.

  Wang Juan suggested that if you are a healthy group, you need to warm up enough before exercise, keep warm, and avoid long-term exercise in cold weather; if you have high blood pressure or coronary heart disease, you must monitor your blood pressure and heart rate before exercise Circumstances, try to avoid outdoor sports, choose indoor sports such as gyms, and avoid long-term exercise.

  If symptoms such as chest tightness, chest pain, palpitations, and dizziness occur during exercise, exercise should be stopped in time.

If the symptoms are not relieved, go to the nearest hospital in time.

  In addition, according to the past situation, choose suitable sports.

Pay attention to monitor your own heart rate during exercise. It is generally recommended that exercise heart rate avoid exceeding the maximum exercise heart rate, that is (220-age)×0.8.

On November 25, local time, legendary star Maradona passed away due to illness. Fans in Naples, Italy spontaneously watched for him. From 1984 to 1992, Maradona brought two Serie A trophies and two for Naples. Italian Cup.

  The unexpected goodbye to Maradona is naturally heartbreaking.

But the dead are gone, and the living are like this.

With his memories on the green field, I hope everyone can live healthy and hard in this world.