In 2020, 121 people died in the Netherlands as a result of murder or manslaughter, 4 fewer than in 2019. The number of victims among young people under the age of twenty did increase from ten to eighteen, according to figures from Statistics Netherlands on Monday.

Among the people who died from murder or manslaughter in 2020 were 77 men and 44 women, the statistics agency said.

Murder means that an offender intended to kill someone or had the time to consider his act.

In manslaughter, someone acts on impulse and not premeditated.

What is striking about the figures is that the number of victims among young people has increased.

This increase is only seen in boys.

In the past five years, 35 young people between the ages of ten and twenty have been murdered.

Of these, 14 percent were killed by a parent and 37 percent were murdered by an acquaintance or friend.

A quarter of all murders were committed in the three largest cities: twelve in Amsterdam, ten in Rotterdam and seven in The Hague.

In the period 2016 to 2020, 2 in 100,000 inhabitants of Amsterdam were victims of murder or manslaughter.

This is almost three times higher than the national average of 0.7 per 100,000.

Perpetrators are mostly men

In 2020, nearly 600 people will be found guilty of murder, manslaughter or attempted murder.

More than 95 percent of those convicted are male.

Three quarters are 18 to 45 years old and almost 10 percent of the convicts are minors.

The Netherlands is one of the countries where relatively few murders are committed.

Iceland, Slovenia and Luxembourg have the lowest murder rate per 100,000 inhabitants.

In countries of the former Soviet Union, such as Russia, Ukraine, Latvia and Moldova, the relative number of murders is high, according to the CBS.

The number of murder and manslaughter victims in the Netherlands has been declining steadily for years.

Since 2015, this number has stood at an average of 125 victims per year.